Financial Statements for Start-uP

Entrepreneurs hate doing financials!  But we will all have to learn it.  One of the biggest mistakes many entrepreneurs make (including myself and I paid heftily for it!) is to get a number-savvy finance guy as a shareholder early during the startup years.  Founders quickly find that the stake given out is often too much for that little these finance folks can do.

Now?  My motor is always to do it yourself!

Here.  I'm going to give you baby steps.  I became the stand-in CFO for my company right up till submission of our prospectus to Nasdaq for IPO.  See?  It is possible.  All it took was hard work.  I'm going to pass some knowledge to you here.

The 3 statements you die, die must know are:

  1. Income statement or Profit and Loss Statement
  2. Balance Sheet
  3. Cash Flow

Income Statement aka Profit and Loss Statement

Just one formula to remember:

Income = Revenue - expenses

Revenue =  All the money your company takes in for providing any goods and services.
Expenses = All the costs involved in generating the revenue above.


Now make a list of your revenue and expenses.  Once done, you are ready to see your new income statement.  I have a simple template here.  You can key in all your numbers.

Balance Sheet

Also just one formula to remember:

Asset = Liability + Equity

Asset = Something valuable that you own and can generate revenue
Liability = What the company is obliged to pay back
Equity = What the shareholders have invested in the company


Now make a list of all your assets, liabilities and equities.  Input them into a spreadsheet like this.  You will see your balance sheet for the company once done.

CashFlow Statement

Last but definitely not the least.  Your company can do without profit, but it can definitely not do without cash.  I feel that this statement is THE MOST IMPORTANT statement of them all.  It is basically how much money you have in the kitty at any point in time.

Again the formula:

Net Cash Flow = Cash Inflow - Cash Outflow

Exactly!  Easier than you thought!

Cash Inflow = Cash the company received using whatever means (operating, investing, etc)
Cash Outflow =  Cash the company paid for whatever reasons (operating expenses, capex etc)

Again, the cashflow spreadsheet that you can use to aid you building that statement.  Have fun!

Now that you've gotten these things done, go ahead and get familiar with the numbers.  I mean very, very familiar.  Like the back of your hand.  Let the potential investors, board members, your angel investors, professors shoot their questions.  You must be able to answer anything!!!

If you are the visual kind, here's a nice video that summarizes it for you.