TWC-2012/2013Term2-Shivin Kohli

by Shivin Kohli
(Singapore)



At the beginning of the TWC module, I had the impression that this would be another one of those University core modules that would simply take up time with projects and assignments not quite beneficial to my journey through SMU. However, I am pleased to say that it was anything but 'that' kind of module.

TWC with Prof Pamela has taught me about the importance of teamwork, specially in tight situations. The entrepreneurship journey isn't a personal one in any way, it is a culmination of the efforts of a lot of people dedicated towards working for a common purpose. Ideas and innovations are abundant, but it is the people around you who will mould the technologies to your benefit.

Right from day one with the first breakout session, through to the final project where powerful people in the tech field were interviewed, and peppered with a littany of her personal anecdotes, the TWC class went a long way in making me understand how important networking and investing in personal experiences is. Prof's in-depth understanding of the field and trends in technologies is quite admirable as well.

The module was definitely content-heavy, I will not argue there. However, it was also moral-heavy. It hasn't taught me what to think- it's taught me how to think. How to use what I know and apply it to what I want the world to know. I've learnt to challenge my beliefs, work hard to understand what's going on in the world around me, and maintain my humility.

In particular, I have one sore spot with the module: my absence in Week 11. I had been selected to represent SMU at the WorldMUN Conference in Melbourne, and as a result, I missed out on my group presentation and the Guest Seminar.

With regards to the group presentation, I must say I had the most enjoyable time in interviewing our technopreneur. Fresh out of SMU, and fresh into a wonderful business idea, Jun Kiat truly gave me an idea of what life is after SMU and what we can do with it. I have full faith that my groupmates echoed my sentiments during the presentation, and I also hope that I contributed my fair share without actually presenting (something I've learnt to love!)

And then the Guest Seminar. As personally being there wasn't possible, I poured over all the videos and anecdotes for two hours the day I returned from Melbourne, and needless to say, it felt like I was there. The way the presenters moved the audience with their wit and their stories was truly amazing. Again, teamwork was a theme that stood out quite like none other. But what moved me most was Prof's piece on the seminar. I will not go into it, but her 'Promise to God' was one of the most inspirational things I have read in quite a while. It taught me that one who truly succeeds in life, will know that the ability to sacrifice is the most underrated ability, yet the most virtuous and fulfilling.

I would like to thank Prof, the TA's, and of course, my group mates and classmates, without whom TWC would have been just another mundane 3 hours on a dreary Monday morning.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Daryl Tan

by Daryl Tan



The course objective that I have set out for myself in the first journal was to understand how technological innovations have evolved and impacted the society thus far, and hopefully be able to analyze present issues, which allow for future innovation possibilities. In my opinion, the teaching and learning methods of the course has helped me to achieve this objective.

The theories behind innovation were taught and learnt in an interactive manner, which provokes critical thinking. This helped me to absorb and learn about these theories efficiently, as compared to traditional lecturing methods. For example, in-class presentations provided a platform for us to apply the theories into actual scenarios, and view such scenarios from a very different perspective. This process of relating to reality helps to consolidate our knowledge in the subject matter.

The format of class participation grading made the class environment very conducive and easy to share opinions. This benefits the class in general as many lessons and perspectives can be sought from the many diverse ideas shared by different students. Furthermore, the online platform also provided an excellent avenue for even more ideas to be shared and referred to at our convenience.

Having achieved my objective, I feel that the biggest takeaway form the course is the ability to relate and apply innovation to real life scenarios. This is extremely helpful since innovation encompasses a wide scope of disciplines, and being able to apply innovation theories provides multiple perspectives. This ability to critically apply innovation theories to everyday happenings will definitely aid me in my future learning and general knowledge.

It was also an enriching experience to interview a successful entrepreneur (Mr Darius Cheung, in my case) and the group project helped me to broaden my view. Before the project, I was skeptical of entrepreneurship and its practicality. However, the project and the seminar provided many case studies that helped me to have a deeper understanding of how entrepreneurs can actually be successful in the pragmatic society of Singapore.

Lastly, I would like to thank Professor Pamela Lim for making learning in the course an enjoyable and eye-opening experience. Her problem-based teaching method challenges us intellectually, keeps us engaged, and makes learning easy.

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2012/2013-Term2-Nicole Ong

by Nicole Ong Zhen Hui
(Singapore)

My Really Awesome TWC Group

My Really Awesome TWC Group

At the beginning of this course I simply thought this module was about how technology changed the world in the way that it has impacted and improved the lives of humans. The objectives that I set for myself, on the other hand, was not only to improve as a team-player but also to really learn something meaningful and useful out of this module that I can apply to my daily lives. In many ways I am very thankful for my experiences during this module that made me realize simple things that I’ve failed to realize previously.

I feel that one of the many take-aways which I realized from the mini-presentations every week is the importance of being independent and finding out things for yourself. Many a times I questioned the importance of having these mini-presentations. I realized that Prof was trying to teach us a valuable lesson-in life people would not just hand you answers and ultimately it is really up to you to find these answers. Instead of giving us the answers and conducting lectures, Prof was teaching us to be independent. In addition, these mini-presentations really gave us the opportunity to work together more as a group and taught us the importance on thinking on our feet quickly, which is extremely importance for us budding technopreneurs judging at how fast technology is moving as a whole.

All in all, I feel Prof’s lessons have a very different take on technology and world change. Besides covering the content required in the syllabus, she strives to expand our general knowledge and teaching us importance lessons in life such as the importance of being kind to people, of not being afraid to be different, and of to not be afraid of failures because without knowing failure you would not be able to know success. I have definitely grew as a person, learnt many things beyond my textbook knowledge and definitely learnt to apply what I’ve learnt to be applicable in real life. I feel that I have achieved my objectives that I set up for myself at the beginning of this course and more. It has really been an enriching journey.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Teo Yun Pei Sarah

by Teo Yun Pei Sarah

Last Class

Last Class

Last Class
Guest Seminar

At the beginning of the course, I highlighted 4 objectives I would like to achieve. Mainly, they were to speak up more, to make more friends, to takeaway something from each lesson, and to do well.

Overall, I feel like I have indeed met my objectives.

The class participation model in TWC has encouraged me to participate in class more, because it is very interactive. I do not feel compelled to participate, I do so only because it is interesting and fun to be involved in the class. I really have enjoyed the model Prof has applied to the classes as it makes everything very engaging.

Besides participating more, i have also made a group of wonderful people in TWC. Starting the class as a pre-assigned meant little chance of having friends in your class. However, through the lessons, I have bonded well with my group, and I am definitely going to miss them in future classes. I feel that the in class presentations really help us become closer because of the time we have alone to interact with each other and discuss our ideas.

Thirdly, I feel like I have indeed taken away something from every lesson. Be it the in class presentations which are extremely interesting, or the short and effective lecture Prof gives about the textbook chapter, I have learnt a lot from each lesson. My favorite in class presentation would definitely be the one on mystical creatures as it really opens possibilities up to us. It allows us to look past what we can only see and into what we cannot see, but might still exist. Besides the class itself, I have also learnt from the Guest Seminar from the technical entrepreneurs who came and shared more, and allowed me an insight into how they have achieved what they have and their 'secret to success'. Through this, we learn how to start and manage a business, through getting funding, and ways to cut costs and building networks, which is extremely applicable.

Lastly, as to aiming to do well, I do not know the results. However, I feel that I have benefitted a lot from the course, and enjoyed it thoroughly. I feel like I have achieved a lot from this course, and I do hope that results will show it as well. Nevertheless, this journey has been a great one, together with great people.

From the entire course, I have learnt many things. As mentioned above, my takeaways are numerous. However, the main thing would definitely be the importance of technology in our lives, and how we cannot take it for granted. In a way, technology shapes our lives. Also, it is extremely important for us to open ourselves up to possibilities, instead of always taking the safe route. Only this way can we succeed in pursuing our dreams, and making them into reality.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Ching Ka Shen

by Ching Ka Shen
(Singapore )




TWC has been the most relaxing module for me, yet it is a module in which I learnt most. Professor Pamela's PBL (Problem-based Learning) teaching methodology has been really interactive and engaging. Instead of just us absorbing the lecture, we always have the opportunity to break into groups and discuss about different topics/problems, and eventually as all the groups present, we learn different knowledge in various different areas by looking at one another's presentation. Through this course, I learnt more than what I thought I would.

As I recall what I aimed to learn from the course at the start, I realize they were just some simple ideas: learning more about technology; learning more about businesses related to technology; and trying to apply such concepts to my own business or future businesses. Of course, I have learnt what I aimed to learn, but I learnt other even more important values that would follow me probably for the rest of my life.

I learnt many technical knowledge about 'technology'. Before this, I would never have thought of 'innovation' as 'invention' coupled with 'commercialization'. I now know a successful firm should know how to apply the concept of 'absorptive capacity' - the ability to learn from other firms and internalize it, and subsequently apply to our own products and commercialize it. The 'technology life cycle' enables me to now look at the technology around me in a bigger picture, and sets me thinking about what the next trend would be as many of our current technological products slowly 'die out' throughout the life cycle, and other newer and better technological products come by. One day probably 30 years from now, Google might just have a new category on its search site called 'Google Smell' which could be as common as 'Google Translate', 'Google Images' or 'Google Scholar' of today.

I learnt other values from the course too. Professor Pamela often inserts famous people's quotations into her slides, and goes on to explain more about the values behind them; things like integrity, foresight, and so on, as she described to us, are very important. I learnt about 'corporate love' from Mr. Patrick Liew; his comparison of 'hardware' and 'heartware' was interesting. I learnt about business ethics from Mr. Darren Ho, and it really struck me a great deal as I totally agree with what he said about 'someone is watching us' as we are doing things, anything at all. And after listening to Ms. Nanz Chong, I know that we shall never give up in doing what we do. Thinking back, I now feel that it is not too depressing after all that I failed to sustain my tee shirt business and have just recently stopped its operations. Now I am more optimistic and know that failures could eventually turn into success as long as we know how to learn from our failures.

With that, I would like to thank you - Professor Pamela once again, for not just imparting to me TWC knowledge, but also in addition opening me to other aspects of life which I learnt a great deal from!

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TWC-2012/13 Term 2- Joanna Chung Pei Shan

by Chung Pei Shan
(Singapore)

nicest photo!

nicest photo!

nicest photo!
wonders of photobooth
other wonders of photobooth
after our presentation

At the beginning of this course, I wanted to know anything and everything about technology and how it changed the world. After all, the module is about Technology and World Change. In fact, early in the semester, I had already finished watching guns, germs and steel! Interesting watch indeed! In my first journal, I set out several things I wanted to learn. Some things I have achieved, others maybe not so much (example was timeline of events of innovations). Ive written down below those of which I have achieved.


Definition of innovation
I wanted to know what constituted an innovation and if diffusion was part of it. So we learned in the first chapter that innovation is invention and commercialization, which did not include diffusion. Besides that, being well, a not so technology and knowing about coding etc, I thought I might get lost in the module, however, I did learn that even though its about technology, there were so many different inventions that classifies itself under innovation. But the definition also thought me that the idea you put forth can be amazing, but innovation does not constitute success. If you commercialize something without having a target audience, perhaps no one would take up your innovation, and you would fail. A great idea needs commercialization, and its required even more so in today’s era when we are bombarded with various advertisements and media.


Area of innovation
We should be familiar with silicon valley! From wondering where innovations are occurring, its obvious its in technology! Biomedical science! Or the advances in alternative energy (creating solar panels, windmills, harnessing geothermal power). After learning about the technology S curves, adaptive capacity etc, when will disruptive technologies appear? Could it be the Ouya game console (alternatives to the playstation, Xbox etc)? I wanted to know in which area the next innovation boom would be in! It sounds quite ambitious but.. I guess if I wanted to make a guess, the iphone application related industry. People are making new apps, a UK 17-year old just sold his app, called Summly, to Yahoo! For over $30 million dollars. He is only 17! The wonders of what mobile phones application are doing! Ticktok, Billpin are just a few that people made.


Personality of innovators
So, I realise maybe its not all about personality, but I guess one thing all inventors need are perseverance. It would take so long. It could be weeks, months, years before they can not only invent it, but also commercialise it. Sometimes, these inventors are ahead of their time, which result in the idea not being taken up now but later in the future. By then, someone else might be commercializing and making profit from your initial invention. Its sad isn’t it ☹ I wondered if inventors are nurture or nature? And I realise, its not just whether you are born with an inquisitive mind, but also whether you can see a need in the market and whether you want to do something about it. This reminded me of both Ticktok and Billpin. In Ticktok, their inspiration came when people were always queuing, for restaurants and food outlets. The founders recalled to us how that when they were going out with their girlfriends to dinner, the queues were either long or the places were close! Which was why they decided to do this. Billpin had a similar inspiration. Bringing up the issue of splitting the bill and getting your money from friends might be a difficult issue to approach. By having Billpin and reminding friends to pay you back, you don't have to constantly remind your friends. So not only about creating the invention, but also thinking of ways to get sources of funds and commercializing, personality can play a huge role! Being creative is one way for bootstrapping for funding! A confident and strong character can let VC’s have more faith in you! Commercialising, perhaps interesting marketing strategies like what yfind intends to create! On second thought, innovators must really be creative too! When it comes to technical entrepreneurs, having the initial know-how is important too!


Competition
So I wondered if competition spurred or hindered innovation. In my opinion, it could do both! Hinders because of dominant design. Say the qwerty keyboard! No matter what innovation came up that was deemed a ‘better’ design, it still did not matter since qwerty keyboard was the dominant design and no one else could compete. On how competition can spur innovation, well, if there was a new market and everyone wanted a share in it, it could spur innovation. perhaps this is best explained when the IT boom happen! When people wanted to come up with ideas like Amazon.com etc. before the dot.com bubble, innovations were sprouting out everywhere! Another question I asked myself was, what would constitute a good innovation, price or how commercialized it was. To me, I think, the innovation that prevails over its competitor and becomes a dominant design and change people’s lives are the best innovations. Using the qwerty example again, how many of us DON’T use that? We all do, and even when im typing this journal, it is how it impacts my life, long after even the innovators has passed on. Innovations that impact the generations are to me, the best innovations. Overall, before coming in to TWC, I took most of these innovations for granted. However, now, I have a much greater appreciation for the innovations around me, from a simple toothpick, to our highly sophisticated technical instruments in laboratories.


Others
I wondered about how technology is changing the world, and I think that most people take some of the technology things for granted. Mobile applications, with different mobile apps making an impact on our lives but we don't really see the work behind it. The company making it and the people involved in constantly improving and debugging the app. I wanted to learn TWC in a more hands on way and the guest seminar was definitely an eye opening experience for me. To be able to hear from real entrepreneurs and the problems they faced and how they overcame it. Moreover, failure is just a part and parcel of life and we should learn from it rather than be discouraged and fear failure. We were fortunate to have 3 guest speakers and seeing my seniors lining up their ideas at SOA level 2 really made me think about the thought that goes into the ideas as well as how hard they were working to pitch their ideas. Maybe next time I’ll take on an entrepreneur role (:


Overall
This was probably the most fun and eventful module I have taken thus far. It's a module which allows us to not only explore the technicality of innovations, commercialisations, with different theories of sources of innovations, technology S-curves, different insights and commericalisation methods as well as differences between technology and science; We get to explore real life applications of what we have learnt. The second set of presentations, which revolved around real technological entrepreneurs allowed us to view the applications. I especially enjoyed doing on funding for innovation because as the saying goes “money makes the world go round”. At the end of the day, this is a module that I will never forget, and the friendship forged will (hopefully) last a lifetime (:

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TWC-2012/13Term2-How Jiong Hong

Objectives at beginning of the course:
Prior to the semester, students usually blabber a lot about what to expect for certain modules. TWC was no exception. Some reflected that TWC was abstract and out of this world, the text (GGS) was tough to understand. Others frankly talked about how fluff they felt the module was, because they bore little relevance to what they wanted to do in the future, i.e. finance/operations/HR etc.

The process & main takeaway:
Keeping an open mind, TWC provided me with an abundance of knowledge, both in theoretical and practical ways. The theories taught in class were more general and in some instances, common sensical. Others, such as the innovation process, were more detailed and abstract. While I may not find an immediate use for most of these theories, I know that they will be important at some points in our lives. Contrary to what some of my course-mates believe, I know that technology plays a huge part in the future. Whether our job lies in traditional functions such as finance, operations or HR, technology will impact our roles somehow. Technology might disrupt our industry, create new types of jobs in the traditional roles. In marketing for example, because of the use of the internet in many purchasing decisions, and how consumer behaves on the internet, a lot of data is generated and stored. Thus, for a marketer, knowing some basic codes like MySQL Queries have become important because we need to be able to draw information from the huge database, to understand and optimise the various touch points between a brand and its customers. Away from the theories, the key thing I learnt from TWC is how we need to understand the profound impacts of Technology on Society, observe what is changing in the industry and know how to react to it.

For those interested in other fields other than technology, I hope that this course inspires them to take advantage of the impacts of technology in their industries. For those interested in technology, I hope that this course inspires them to forge ahead and spearhead the technological developments in our country, hopefully one day we can have a Silicon Valley of our own.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Lim Cheng Yee

by Lim Cheng Yee
(Singapore)


At the beginning of the course, one of the objectives I have set for myself is to be equipped with the skills to identify potential business opportunities and challenges from technological and world changes.

By now, I have gone through 13 weeks of classes in TWC and I am proud to say I have gained more than I ever expected. The striking difference of this module compared to the usual lecture-based courses is that Professor Pamela adopts a Problem Based Learning (PBL) strategy. I personally liked it because I used to do PBL when I was in Singapore Polytechnic and found it beneficial.

Every week, the class would be separated into groups to take part in the in-class research. We would then get to brainstorm and gather resources on the internet to solve the issues and question that we were presented with. Consequently, we were able to understand a topic in deep depth through problem solving. It is an effective learning process as we learn both thinking strategies and develop flexible knowledge. Besides that, our presentation skills were also sharpened as we present our solutions to the class.

Moreover, I had the privilege of attending the TWC Guest Seminar 2013 as part of the Media team. The team worked hard together to ensure we play our role well. We crafted the emcee script carefully and loaned equipment like camera and video recorder to ensure precious moments were captured. We had a lot of fun and memories! Most importantly, we got to learn from inspiring guests speakers; Ms Nanz, Mr. Patrick Liew and Mr. Darren Ho. I believe everyone felt that the guest seminar was a great success!

Finally, the key takeaways in this course, besides the hard textbook knowledge, were the soft skills that Professor Pamela imparted to us. Just to name a few, I acquired problem solving skills, got to try self-directed learning as well as work in a team. I also developed confidence to speak up in class through class participation. All in all, it was a wonderful journey and I would like to thank Professor Pamela, our TAs Clarine and ZiRong, and my superb and fun-loving group mates!

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Liew Ren-Jie

by Liew Ren-Jie
(Singapore)


I initially thought TWC would just revolve around the content of the textbook, Exploring Innovations. But after truly experiencing this course with Professor Pamela Lim, I realised I learned much more that what is actually covered on the textbook. I was initially very skeptical of her teaching method of always needing to rush up a presentation within an hour relating on a topic she showed in class. But after her last lesson, I understood the logic behind her teaching. I look back now and realised that I actually remembered the things I presented. Not just that, it's really amazing what we actually covered in class.

We covered tons of companies and the real problems they face. It's only through these problems that allowed us to apply the facts and rules we learn from the textbook. If it were not for her Problem-Based Learning (PBL), I think TWC would just be another module to just take up, memorise, and paste the facts during the exam.

My goals for this module were to understand the technological advancement in society and how it affect our culture and development. To understand the history of innovation and see how it society gradually modifies according to our technological advancement.

Did I satisfy my goals? Indeed. Let's slowly go through the checklist. I learn that technological progress is not linear and its a cycle. This is of course proven by the historical context of technology. I learn that Moore's law is not very accurate in that sense. Hence, what's shown in the movie "Terminator," where robots would take over the world, would not happen as soon as I thought it would happen.

I understand how the society and the government is embracing technological change with the introduction of rules and regulations to protect the welfare of the people and also to protect the creator through the protection of Intellectual property. Also, I learn that governments and companies can filter information from the society, even if it risk the interest of a small group of people (Let's hope this post won't magically disappear because of this statement).

You think it's simple to just bring out innovation? Think again, there's a whole bunch of process behind innovation. There are many stages companies or individuals have to undertake to push an innovation to the market. Even if you have a clear method of pushing your innovation to the market, money becomes a big issue. The concept of the "Valley of Death" is certainly very interesting. What it tells us? If you are not one of the 2 business out of every 30, your business will die.

All in all, the world is always bright and sunny out there if you choose to remain ignorant. After this course, I learn that it's difficult to survive the "Valley of Death", I also learn that I should trust nothing at face value and leave the judgement to myself and I should not sign for a patent if I am a small company as big companies would just take advantage of me.

I certainly enjoyed my semester with this course. I may have broke my record of completing a presentation from scratch within 15 minutes.

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TWC-(2012/2013 term2)-Xie Meng Yun

by Xie Meng Yun
(Singapore)

Exploring the relation between innovation and technology was what I initially thought that I could learn from this course, nevertheless, in fact, what this course had really offered me was actually much more than that, overall, I do really enjoy this wondering learning journey and I have benefit aplenty from it.

Apart from the concept and process of innovation and technology and the relation between them, this course has also provided me an extensive knowledge about how business operates with the aid of technology and innovation, as well as how innovation plays a vital role in driving a business to success. Instead of being abstract, TWC focuses on every single detail of the content of innovation and technology, such as, the distinction between different type of innovation, the technological circle which leads to technology changed and even intellectual property has also been covered.
Moreover, this course has also provided me an opportunity to dabble in business strategy and technology strategy, which I indeed found it useful and I am pretty sure that all of these valuable and insightful information will come in handy sooner or later.

Additionally, another significant aspect of this course that I would like to highlight was the real-time entrepreneur journey, especially the guess seminar and the last group project, which has totally broadened my horizon in the sense that it offered me a good chance to experience what entrepreneurship really is and who entrepreneurs really are. In the guess seminar, it provided us a precious chance to get close to some exceptional local entrepreneurs and to listen to their stories. They shared with us how they started their business from merely an idea and how much hard time they had been through.

Their personal experiences have taught me that success never come easy. Apart from soft skills you ought to possess to achieve your goals, you also need big guts and small lucks. Being an entrepreneur may not be for everyone, though if you have a dream of being one, go for it and never give up. Therefore, I am very contented with the learning outcome, which totally has met my objectives, and yet again, i truly enjoyed this learning journey, because of our wonderful professor Lim, but also my lovely teammates.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Diana Lim Shu Fen

Monday Tea Party Kakis!!

Monday Tea Party Kakis!!

At the beginning of this course, I would like to find out how technology evolves throughout the years and the impacts it brings to the society. I am also interested in how innovations are created by individual entrepreneurs and the various motivations behind these innovations.

This class has definitely widened my perspectives on how technology evolves through the years since 1780s, from cotton to railway and to the current computers we are using. Furthermore, the long wave cycle taught in class has given me a clearer picture of how innovations transformed throughout the years.

However, with regards to the impacts that technology brings to the society, I believe it has both positive and negative outlook. Technology has certainly made our lives easier, with innovations or machinery introduced; processes are made more efficient and effective. Technology plays such a huge role in our daily lives now, in the sense that everything revolves around technology, for instance, communication and even doing up this journal requires technology. Therefore, I believe technology has become essential to all human beings. However, there are flaws to technology as well, whereby it may cause certain harm to the human body. For instance, the use of computers and mobile phones, even though it may be convenient and are definitely the number one communication tools for us, these are technologies that may cause harm to the human body in the long run. Therefore, even though technologies may be essential in our lives, it is definitely not 100% ‘harm-free’.

There are certainly many takeaways from the TWC module throughout the semester; however, the one session that sets the most impression in me would be during the guest seminar. I have always wanted to be an entrepreneur; however, being the boss is never the easy way out as it requires us to perform tasks of an employer as well as tasks of an employee. In other words, bosses are required to know everything. Nonetheless, the points made by the guests were really enriching and indeed, I find it encouraging, especially to students, like me, who have dreams of being an entrepreneur.

All in all, this course has given me a different perspective as to life as a student, as well as life in the real world. The kind of teaching style used during seminars was really enriching as we are given opportunities to interact with our group mates and to learn from one another. The in-class research has given us the opportunity to not just learn the textbook syllabus but also to find out what is happening in the outside world, hence, enhancing our general knowledge greatly. To sum things up, TWC class was definitely beneficial to me and I have certainly enjoyed the semester with my group mates!

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MGMT002-2012/13Term2-Linda Quek Siew Khim

by Linda Quek Siew Khim
(Singapore)

Group 3 Last Photo for TWC

Group 3 Last Photo for TWC

Group 3 Last Photo for TWC
Group Photo with Prof. Lim
Props made for our presentation
Group Photo taken after first group presentation

At the start of this module, I was quite surprised that the lesson was actually interesting and that Prof. Lim was really friendly and approachable! The clear rules set out by Prof. such as what will be covered and how we can get our class part marks made me happy because Prof. really understood what we wanted out of the module.

Throughout this module, we had two group presentations and numerous in-class presentations. After the two group presentations, we make sure to take photos in order to remember the euphoria we felt after presenting. Moreover, the behind-the-scenes effort such as making the props for our interactive session with the class during presentation made each moment more meaningful and enriching. (Some photos will be shown below)

Of course the in-class presentations really made me interested in class as there is a practical purpose when we go into the workforce. Thinking on-the-go, brainstorming ideas and presenting the topic all within half an hour really made us stretch our mental capabilities. At the same time, such presentations made class more fun as we get to apply the concepts of TWC into real-life scenarios.

Furthermore, another segment that left a mark on me would be the distinguished speaker segment. The three speakers were inspiring and were willing to share their personal high and lows in their career to us. The greatest takeaway from this session is that even a prominent person is still a normal human with emotions and needs at the end of the day.

Lastly, Prof. Lim shared with us practical tips of the business world which I feel is indeed relevant and eye-opening. For instance, in the last lesson for TWC she asked us a question. What do you mean by successful? Again, there is no right or wrong answer as some may choose monetary value rather than psychological well-being like happiness. This simple question definitely is a pertinent perception in society today.

In conclusion, TWC lesson was a really enjoyable experience as shown above, the multiple facets that I have encountered evidently proves that I had thoroughly enjoyed Prof. Lim's lesson.

Thank you Prof. Lim for making my Y1S2 an enjoyable one with this module! :)

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TWC-2012/13Term 2- Ng Rui Qi



I definitely did take away from this course the objectives i set, and so much more than i bargained for. Firstly, the understanding of technology and how it impacts the world. I never was very fond of technology. Being a child of the new digital age, it was always there, but something i never thought much of. I never wondered more about it's impact, but after weeks of TWC i actually developed a thirst for more of technology. It's really incredible, and weeks of in-class presentations just threw up more and more technologies such as the contact lens, new homes and even green technology, which triggered my interest and gradually let to me researching more on them of my own accord. I'm proud to say that i actually speak knowledgeably, and at depth, of technologies and innovations as a conversational topic now! I never once thought that that was possible, for me.
Going through the 45 minute break-outs and 2 minutes presentations also helped me to gain the confidence and ease of making an impromptu presentation, as well as to process and understand the main points of the question quickly. It was through these sessions that i realised just how much work could be done in such a short time, and week after week, the groups came back with so much more, and challenged themselves to improve and up their game. That was pretty impressive.
I love how prof teaches and guides us with her vast knowledge. The bible quotes, the stories and personal anecdotes she shares help make TWC so relatable to me, and makes me understand better just how amazing technology is, and how it ties in to daily life. In addition to that, the posing of insightful questions and interesting themes made me want to know more, and start doing research.What i adored about this course was prof's teaching methodology- even though we barely had any homework, we were taught to think, and gain an interest in the subjects ourselves. The thirst for knowledge led us to learn more on our own, and i've learnt so much from this course, way more than i expected, and the most priceless lesson would be the love for knowledge. I'm used to rote-learning and masses of books, never quite learning more than is necessary for the exams. Over the years, I forget the knowledge rapidly. Yet, TWC has taught me more than theories and i'm genuinely sad that TWC seminars are over.
What i'm also going to miss- my friends, and prof's warm personality. I came into the class knowing nobody but i've gained a lovely group which encourages and spurs one another on. I've learnt so much. Thank you.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Teo Siok Ping



At the start of this module, I came wondering what TWC is about. I was expecting to learn more about the different technologies around and how it transforms the world. I have also no clue about things such as the innovation cycles or how entrepreneurs become successful and I did not even bother about the innovations happening around me. But after the end of this module, I have learnt more about the different types of innovation, technical entrepreneurship and different sources of capital available for innovation…etc. I realised what was covered in class was way beyond just different technologies and the theories in the textbook. The knowledge that were taught and the things we were exposed to, was something that I have never really experience in my other modules. It is also something that I have gained which will be carried with me for the rest of life.

In addition, I love Professor Pamela Lim way of teaching. I love the fact that she did not do boring lectures like most Professors would have done. Instead, she apply a different teaching methodology that is able to engage students more effectively through conducting lively class discussions and giving us interesting topics to research on for the in-class presentations. Besides that, I love how she went beyond the books by sharing with us industry-relevant knowledge as well as her own entrepreneurial journey. Looking back, I won’t deny that she is one of the best Professors in SMU because she knows how to engage the students and teach effectively. Basically, these are my takeaways from the entire TWC journey:

1. Participate actively in discussions to learn more from your peers
I have learnt a lot from peers through the forum, group discussion and class discussions. But in order for all of these to happen, one must first speak up and not be afraid to share one’s ideas and opinion. Teaching the class certain concepts during presentations and actively participating in group/class discussions actually helps me in retaining the information learnt. The group discussions that I have with my group during the breakout session also helped me clarify and address my doubts on certain concepts. Through the online class participation forum, I have learnt and picked up a lot of general knowledge from the research I did and from my peers. I also got to hear many different opinions from different viewpoints on certain issues that I have never thought of. Thus, this gave me deeper insights and understanding on the related topic.

2. Absorb the lessons learnt from the Guest Seminar

For me, the Guest Seminar was the highlight of this course. My group had the privilege to invite Mr Darren Ho down for the Guest Seminar which I would say is a totally new experience for me. Mr Darren Ho possesses 13 years of experience in the digital media industry specialising in game development, telecommunications, web development and digital interactive media. He currently owns a few companies under the AzVOX media group which has operations in several countries.

I really learnt a lot from him during the interview session and the Guest Seminar. He managed to change my perception of entrepreneurs. Prior to the interview session, I have always thought that entrepreneurs are just concern with profits and how to expand their businesses. I have initially expected Mr Darren Ho to be very formal and serious with us as he is meeting us for a “formal” interview session in a CEO position. But he proves us wrong and showed us that a CEO can be down to earth and humble too. He even bothered to take time to bond with us and clarify on certain misconceptions we have about starting up a business before sharing with us his experiences. Besides that, he mentioned about the difficulties he faced and why perseverance and determination is a very important trait for an entrepreneur. He also display the traits of a great leader as he focus on maintaining relationships, which resulted in him winning the hearts of many employees. But what struck me most throughout the interview was this very quote that he said “Don’t stop trying. Trying builds character, working hard for something builds character. Falling, failing builds even more character. It teaches you really how tough life can be.”

The other two speakers Mr Patrick Liew and Ms Nanz Chong were also very inspiring, enlightening and motivational. They also taught me lessons that are important that can be applied whether in life or when you start up your own business. Mr Patrick Liew emphasizes on “touching lives” and saying “I Love you” to his employees. While Ms Nanz Chong emphasize on “maintaining your network” and that “it’s ok to fail”.

But the highlight of the Guest Seminar was to inculcate values to us such as being human and treating people not as a means but an end and that every failure is a step to success. Lastly, it also to bring across to us that business is not all about profits but more to how we can contribute back to society.

3. Teamwork and Presentation Skills
I learnt the importance of working fast as a team and having team coordination. My group’s team dynamics is also one of the best I’ve encountered having spent two years in SMU. Being pre-assigned a random group, I thought I would face the same bad experiences with some of my other pre-assigned groups. But from cooking in class to doing in-class presentation and to the Guest Seminar, I would say I was very lucky to have such fun and spontaneous group mates that contributed equally to the group. Besides that, I have also picked up invaluable presentation skills from the weekly impromptu in-class presentations. It taught us to be fast workers and to be able to deliver what we want to say to the class with no prior rehearsals. The informal and comfortable class setting also trains me to be more confident and to deliver my point without a script during presentations.

To sum up, I think the whole TWC journey was a very fruitful experience. It has changed my perception on certain things and the best part was that I got the chance to interact with entrepreneurs. On a last note, I would like to thank Professor Pamela Lim and my group mates for this wonderful journey!

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TWC- 2012/13Term2- Jotham Goh

by Jotham Goh
(Singapore)

AWESOME GRP 3

AWESOME GRP 3

My first impressions of TWC was that it wasn't going to be a very useful module because what we have learnt in class was not really going to be applicable in the working world. After going through a sem of TWC, it's safe to say that I was wrong.

The one thing I like most about TWC was Prof's problem based learning approach. This approach spared the class from the boring lectures, where students only pay attention just to pass the final exam. I felt that this approach was extremely effective as it put theories into context, such that it enables students to see the practical application to technologies, enabling students to see the bigger picture and usefulness of technology. This approach also required students to present on topics every lesson. Not only did this presentations make lessons extremely interesting and enabled me to learn more in-dept on specific topics, it also helped me improve my presentation skills, as I had to research and present on the topic after just about an hour. I feel that this is going to be a useful experience when I go out to work.

The highlight of TWC was of course the guest seminar. To me this seminar was not so much about technologe per se. Nonetheless, it gave me glimpses into the lives of successful people and how they operate companies. It was more of a real-world insight to how entrepreneurs think and go about executing ideas. All 3 speakers were extremely charismatic and all of them had made their own point. I learned 3 important things from the seminar; having integrity, having good relationships and that it was okay to fail.

Looking back, I definitely have achieved my objectives for TWC.

One of my objectives was to learn something applicable from TWC. At the end of the course, I have been made aware about the trends of technology and some of the issues such as why companies also strive to be the first to innovate. The frameworks taught in class allowed me to be more aware of how technology is evolving as well as how to predict the next cycle of technology. Besides that, I have learnt practical skills, such as being able to research quickly to craft out a presentation. The lessons learnt from the guest seminar would also definitely stay with me for a long time.

My second objective was to learn more about entrepreneurship, and I definitely have achieved that objective. I liked Prof's sharing on her experiences starting and running her business, especially when Prof gave the class some time to ask her questions about herself. Another major event was definitely the guest seminar, where the guest speakers invited shared their entrepreneurial insights. The third event that allowed me to achieve me goal happened when my group interviewed a technical entrepreneur as part of the final presentation. We interviewed Mr Gary Gan of TradeHero. This interview was really insightful, as Gary shared with us the problems that he has faced throughout his entrepreneurship journey, about his past business which failed and why did they fail. Gary also shared on his current company is currently looking for funds and how the company plans to develop. This was a valuable experience that gave me much insight about entrepreneurship and what it is like.

TWC was much more of a course than i initially expected, as it not only gave me head knowledge about technology, but it also improved my soft skills and gave me valuable insight to how entrepreneurs go about running their business. I'm glad to have gone through this course, and have definitely reaped more than what I expected to.

Many thanks to Prof, TA, as well as my group and class mates for making TWC such an awesome mod!

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Abdul Latif B Mohamed Sa'at

by Abdul Latif B Mohamed Sa'at
(SMU, Singapore)


At the beginning of the course, I didn't really know what to expect from the module. So naturally, I set myself to learn about how the technology has evolved over the years and how these changes then affect the world, as the name of the module suggests.

I did manage to learn on the development of technology. But I learnt more than that such as the application of technology in the entrepreneurial aspect. However, the biggest learning point I can take away from this TWC class is that because the world is constantly evolving, we should not restrict ourselves to learning from the book. Through the in class presentations approach that professor Pamela Lim uses, we were able to conduct our own researches on the latest updates of a particular topic.And by sharing what we discover through our findings, each and everyone of us was able to learn something new which we could have not learnt from any textbook.

Lastly, I will treasure the friendships forged in the beautiful process of learning. Group 2 from TWC G18 is awesome. #truestory

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TWC-2012/2013 Term2 - Loo Hui Ying Shermaine

by Loo Hui Ying Shermaine


Before the term started, I heard from friends who took this mod last sem that TWC is quite boring and they don't see how this could be applicable to them. Hence, I was not looking forward to this class when I first entered.

However, I was wrong. While the technical theories may be hard to understand and apply at times, I felt that this class engages in discussion and delve into topics that allowed me to broaden my perspectives and knowledge, which I would not have expected. Every lesson would open doors to issues that either I did not expect to be actually linked to TWC or something that I did not know before.

One of my objectives was to have fun while learning something useful and I felt that I have achieved this. My groupmates also added on to the fun times that I have in this class. The in-class presentation topics allowed us to bond and discover issues that some of us may know while others do not, and discussions which often ended up in laughter while having takeaways.

One of the unique and most memorable part of the course was the Guest Seminar. Since my group was in charge of handling the media, we had to ensure that we have all the equipment ready, speech well-prepared and our emcees rehearsed. Although it wasn't the best, I felt that all of us had put in our utmost effort and seeing people enjoy the guest seminar and praising our slides or emcees was very heartwarming. Through the seminar, other than learning from the speakers who I personally feel that they delivered very inspiring speech, I felt that our group had gotten closer and bonded more while working hard together such as editing and rushing out the videos over the night and uploading them along with the photos.

I also feel that Prof Lim sharing of her personal experience in being an entrepreneur and how she manage to achieve success was very inspiring and helpful for us. It kinds of give us confidence to pursue our dreams and not be afraid to fail and keep trying.

In all, I would like to thank and show my appreciation for Prof Lim, the TAs and my awesome group mates for this unexpectedly fun and fruitful journey that we had for the past 13 weeks. Hopefully even when the lessons end, our friendship and lessons learnt together will remain.

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TWC G16 Journal 3 -2012/13 Term2- Edmund Tan

by Edmund Tan
(Singapore)

Our Learning Process

Our Learning Process

Back when I wrote my first journal, i stated that I would like to acquire more information on the relevance of technology in today’s world, developing myself to be a better team player as well as being a better presenter.

As I look back at the past 13 weeks, I felt that I have made progress in several aspects, and even though I wouldn’t say that I’m a good team player or presenter, I believe I have made some improvements with the help from the frequent “break-out” presentations and class participation opportunities, which served as an extremely valuable platform for us to develop our confidence and communication skills. More importantly, the in-depth coverage of our textbook materials by Prof and our classmates’ presentation has allowed me to have a better understanding of technology’s role in the world today, where we learnt a great deal of knowledge ranging from invention to IPR and funding.

Objectives aside, I believe that most of us in the class have really enjoyed this particular lesson, where Prof’s pedagogy allowed us to have a more interactive environment, as well as more opportunities to work and bond with our group mates based on the “break-out” sessions. With a constant effort to inject her personal anecdotes to the lessons, Prof continually seeks to inspire and challenge us mentally, to encourage us to be more analytical in our thought process.

One of the more memorable moments in this TWC journey would be the guest seminar, where we had the opportunity to listen to the learning experiences of successful entrepreneurs, as well as providing us with a platform to establish networks with venture capitalists and other entrepreneurs. This was indeed a rare opportunity and I am extremely thankful that Prof actually planned this event out of her own expenses, which I initially thought was part of the school programme. I believe that all of us benefited greatly from the guest seminar and that the value of such a seminar can never be replaced by routine lectures in the classrooms.

By adopting a “motherly” approach to teach the class, Prof has certainly succeeded in nurturing some of us from being ignorant (like the caterpillar in the picture) to a more well-rounded person (butterfly). Like what she always says, the learning doesn’t stop and what we have learnt here is only just the beginning; our real journey starts from now and we have to depend on ourselves this time round.

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TWC-2012/13 Term 2- Peng Bojie


First impression

To be honest, before I started this course, I was quite skeptical about what I would learn in TWC. As I did not see there is much to be taught on technology. To me technology is more of an independent learning based on interest. In fact, how business and technology come together will be rather useless to an accounting student. However I must say that was a naïve assumption. As how a module turns out really depend on how that professor conducts his or her lessons. Good new is I had heard that Prof Pamela Lim is very capable and experienced in TWC as she is a businesswoman, an entrepreneur and a CEO. As such I expected an engaging classroom environment, and I am glad to say that the class turned out to be better than I have expected.

Different Methodology

The method of teaching: problem based learning which requires the lecturer to think on the feet and not many lecturers can do it. Prof Pam believes in building from our own experience and grows from there. Everybody has a baseline of what we already know. The job of the lecturer is to build upon the knowledge we already have. The class is very big, as such; the prof broke up into smaller group.
This method is only adopted in medical school. The best way to do is to teach others.

It feels very different from the other classes as Prof shares the class from her real life experience as she has a lot of experience as an entrepreneur. She taught us beyond the textbook and doesn’t give you conventional answers from the textbook and she doesn’t give you politically correct answers like what an ordinary prof does. She teaches you what she know, what she think is right and wrong, what is feasible and what is not, what made her successes and failures. Her lessons are so special! Every one of us is like a sponge, thirsty for more knowledge and information as each lesson passed by. We were all intrigued by her experience and the unconventional way of teaching.

Interactive learning

Instead of her talking the whole lesson, she always put us into groups and gives us an hour during each lesson to discuss on certain topic, which she will be going through that day. “Peer learning is important as there is more than one person in this class who can teach the others something new”. Such learning style is very dynamic. And it is the impromptu research on the Internet and presentations that made us feel that we are in very competitive and techno-savvy generation. We minimized the need to meet up on our own to do the projects but instead, we do on the spot, we do during class. Every time when students present in groups, we learn from each others, share information and different prospective. After each group has presented their research, prof Pam will explain to us if our ideas and assumptions are valid and what are the areas we should be careful or we have missed out. If one day, we really become entrepreneurs, we can avoid these mistakes. I personally feel we benefit much more this way than the conventional way of learning. And it is this kind of teaching style that makes the seminar style truly effective. As a result, sometimes we due to time constraint, not all of us can quench our thirst for knowledge. However, Prof seen this problem, and she came up with a brilliant solution: Guest seminar.

During this semester’s guest seminar, 3 reputable guest, Nanz Chong, Darren Ho, and Patrick Liew were invited. All these people have many invaluable experiences in the technology industry and they are all willing to share. If you were to attend such seminars in the public, it will be very expensive. However, because of Prof Pam and the organizing students, we get to enjoy many hours of sharing for free. Each speaker has a different story to tell, has a slightly different point of view in the industry and has gone through thick and thin. I really think such seminar is very useful. There is no syllabus, but all the useful knowledge and experience that are going to be useful in future. One of the promising guest speakers Darren Ho said, “ If you are still thinking that being technology savvy is not very crucial to you, then you are terribly wrong. Because, everything you do now, everything you use are products of technology. And this intensity will only rise in time.” How true is that? I asked myself. How naïve was I when I thought I could simply get a good grade in University and go out to work with my basic ppt, excel skills. I guess, by 2020, coding will no longer be a niche skills, it would be something like power point, in today’s perspective.

Ethical

Prof Pam always remind us that we can do anything under the sun, but it must be lawful and ethical. We have to be responsible with what we do as monetary incentives and fames cannot be the sole cause of concern.


Conclusion

Now, when I look back at what I have learn in the past 13 weeks of lessons, I can confidently say that, I have benefited, in fact, benefited much more than what I have expected. If one day I were to become a successful entrepreneur, I would safely that her lessons would be one of the determining factors.

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MGMT002-Term 2 AY2012/2013-Peh Zhen Tang

by Peh Zhen Tang
(Singapore)




Coming into this course, I really did not know what to expect, I was deeply bothered by the “big” words in the course name, “Technology and World Change (TWC)”. This was definitely something that might seem foreign to an accounting and finance student like me.


The seminars were totally different from I have experienced in my three years in SMU. In the first few lessons, I must confess that I find the breakout sessions challenging. In fact, I felt frustrating and angry for the short time given to complete the given assignment. I must admit I am a perfectionist by nature and certainly, what is produced at the end of a one-hour discussion does not satisfy my own definition of perfection. Also, as a year three, I find it really tough initially to be working with the freshmen in my group. In my opinion, I thought that there seemed to be a gap in their analysis and reasoning skills. I was very much an individualist, one who only believes in setting personal standards and overachieve. However, I realized my myopic view and proud mentality was wrong when Prof. Pamela criticized my presentation, though the freshmen might not be as knowledgeable as I am but they are able to come out “fresh” and “creative” ideas, which I am incapable of producing. I am grateful to say that the breakout sessions, coupled with my teammates gave me a realistic perspective towards this personal issue and brought me down to Earth. Teamwork is certainty everything, and is something I need to develop and make a habit of.


Other than the lessons taught in this course, such as the different theories of innovation and technology, I feel that the greatest lessons were outside of the textbook itself, especially through the sharing of Prof. Pamela’s experiences.


All lessons in accounting and finance either revolve around the different FRS (financial reporting standards) or mathematics model. Everything is fixed there, and there is always a standard procedure and right answer to all problems. However, in TWC, Prof. Pamela showed me that in the pursuit of success, hiccups might happen and success could ultimately mean different things to different people. To some, success could be earning millions of dollars, flying to different countries daily for meetings. While to a few, success could be earning just enough to get by and spending time with loved ones. Prof. Pamela is such a person.


The highlight of this TWC course is none other than the guest seminar, which I was given the opportunity to emcee the event. Being involved in the guest seminar was an once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for me. The anxiety and excitement to speak in front of successful entrepreneurs CEOs and hundreds of students were indescribable. Ms. Nanz-Chong, Mr. Patrick Liew and Mr. Darren Ho shared their pleasures of their success and also the pains of their failures. Indeed, one thing in common is their “never-say-die” attitude. Though it might sound cliché but that is also the only lesson I learnt from the guest seminar. Whether or not we embark on the entrepreneurship journey, failure will bound to strike, and that is what get will get us going, after all, it is the pains and disappointment from previous failures that ultimately make the fruits of success even sweeter.


In conclusion, though the 13 weeks of lessons failed to cultivate the entrepreneur in me, but it has somehow reshaped the ways I view success and life. I wish to thank my group and Prof. Pamela again. If given the opportunity, I would definitely wish to take another strategic management course under Prof. Pamela again.

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◦MGMT002-Technology and World Change-G17 Ooi Wei Ting Cliantha

by Ooi Wei Ting Cliantha
(Singapore)


Lessons for TWC seems to have passed very quickly for me this semester. I remember not knowing what to expect when I first took this module and thought that it would not be beneficial for me since I wasn’t someone who was into technology. Much to my surprise, I was wrong. Instead of having to ‘survive’ for every lesson, I actually enjoyed what I was learning in class.

One of the objectives I set for myself was to be more open minded, so that I would try to learn as I can in class and I’m proud to say I did. I learnt new knowledge that I wasn’t aware of, especially during those in class presentations. I felt that it was really beneficial as we were asked to research on topics that I would never had done so if I did not join this class. Not only that, the weekly presentation was has trained me to be less afraid when I speak up in front of the whole class. Moreover, the class part forum was another avenue for me to gain knowledge. Whenever I’m free, scrolling down the page of the forum becomes one of my joys. If you are under Prof’s class and have not been to the forum, I am sure you will be overwhelmed by the dozens of information posted there. I was exposed to information and new technologies that I had never known existed in the world.

Throughout all the lessons, I was exposed to different sides and frame work of technologies and of course the path to being an entrepreneur as well. Although I am not keen to be an entrepreneur, I have always enjoyed listening to the experiences of others. Sometimes Prof will share her experience as well and I find it really interesting and insightful to know about the business world out there. That’s also the reason why I found the second project given to us to be very challenging and meaningful. Our group has difficulty finding an active entrepreneur for an interview as almost none of the person we emailed replied us. But fortunately, Mr Gary accepted our interview and shared with us on his personal experience regarding his startup on trade hero. To be interacting with a ‘live’ entrepreneur was really different from watching all the videos online. We are better able to relate to his experiences and also his passion as an entrepreneur. One key takeaway I learnt from both Prof and the guest seminar was that to be successful, one should be a great man with integrity and never bound down to failure. Only with true passion and belief, anyone can be a successful person out there.
Last but not least, one of my objectives was to build strong friendship ties with my group mates and I am sure we did throughout the semester. Project meeting was no longer a chore as it was more of a gathering session for us. Everyone cooperated and put their best in everything we do and I do believe that our friendship still continue for the rest of the years in SMU and thereafter. All in all, I am very glad to have chosen to be part of the class under Prof Pamela and I do hope to be able to attend her classes for other modules as well. 

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Chong Haoxing

by Chong Haoxing
(Singapore)

At the start of the course, i set out to acquire more knowledge in the field of technology and its application in the world. Throughout the course, i feel that despite TWC being a technical course, the greatest take away i had is the knowledge of human interaction with innovation.

No innovation could be possible without the innovator and all businesses have to be ran by humans. The search for innovation could not have been more organic given that the purpose for all innovation is to help mankind. However, i think that in the pursuit of innovations, innovators could have forgotten the true main reason of innovation. Technology is a tool, a means to an end. It is not an end by itself. Therefore we need to constantly reflect on the application of technology in our lives.

In addition, innovation is not invention. Hence, the proliferation of a product to the mass market may not be the product that is original.

The most important take away is something which i never expect when i first started this course. This course has inspired me to become, or at least try, to chase my long forgotten dream of being an entrepreneur. I now have a better idea, both in terms of how-to and skills required, on how to achieve this goal.

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TWC - 2012 / 13 Term 2 - Ng Jia Wei

by NG JIA WEI
(SINGAPORE)

Knowledge is power! Thanks for imparting your invaluable knowledge to us!

Knowledge is power! Thanks for imparting your invaluable knowledge to us!

Knowledge is power! Thanks for imparting your invaluable knowledge to us!
All hail Ms Pam Lim, one of the best prof in SMU!

Firstly, let me extend my gratitude to Prof, Ms Pamela Lim for making this module so interesting. I especially like the in-class presentation where learning is brought out of the textbook to make it more exciting. We get to coordinate work amongst ourselves and do research on the topics while managing a presentation within the time limit of 20 - 30 minutes. I feel that I have learnt the most through this and Prof will usually reinforce the theories learnt after the presentation, making it quite pointless to have to read the textbook. The way she used real life examples to substantiate her teaching also made it very easy to relate concepts to. Good job Prof! I am sure I am not only speaking for myself but the students who had taken TWC under Ms Pam Lim!

Next, let me share what goals I have set for TWC. I quote my sharing from journal 1: "My objective for this course is to gain as much knowledge as possible and practice critical thinking within the time frame of this course. I believe the best way to learn is to adopt a curious mind, listen attentively in class, participate in discussions and going beyond the textbook. I will first start by adopting a curious mind and listen attentively in class."

I am proud to say that I have learnt much from this course and it is not just theories or concepts but also soft skills such as micro-managing group members, manage conflicts within the group and taking on the leadership role within the group. I have also learnt some critical analysis of materials to be used for the in-class presentation where we are often told to research on theories that we have not familiarized ourselves with.

I have also participated as much as I could in-class, although I got to admit that I made some mistakes here and there. However, prof does not put us down when we make mistakes but probe us into the right direction. This made us less paranoid of answering wrongly in-class and definitely increased participation rate in the classroom. I am sure everyone of us learnt something new in this course and have to admit that Prof Pamela Lim was one of the most significant attributing factor contributing to this fun and enjoyable journey! Thank you prof! Your effort is appreciated and keep up the good work!

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Amy Tan

by Amy Tan
(Singapore)


At the beginning of the semester, honestly I was not really looking forward to TWC. Labelled as a “fluff” module, I was a bit sceptical of what I would learn from this course. However, after going through this 13 weeks, I realised I have gained a lot from the course. At the beginning I had 3 objectives which I set out for myself - to become more articulate, to learn how to work better in teams and to gain greater insight to TWC. I am glad that by-and-large met my objectives in class.

The forum was a very useful tool in giving me the opportunity to think more about the things we learnt in class. The various issues brought up by my classmates both in class and on the forum were a good chance for me to reflect on them and pen down my thoughts. Both this forum and the breakout presentations was really good training for me to articulate my views and think critically on my feet.

I found the breakout presentations really useful. Such problem-based learning was really good not only for us to bond as a team, but also to cultivate quick yet critical thinking and analysis. Under such time constraints, it definitely trains you to research quickly, sift out what is important and then analyse. I am thankful for being given this chance to practice such a skill, as I know it will be very useful in the working world. I certainly learnt a lot from each and every one of my teammates and had a lot of fun with them. From one who seems to have an endless supply of snacks for both class and group meetings to one who offers good advice for surviving in SMU and life in general, I have really learnt a lot. What I have gained from this course goes beyond the theories, but also all the experiences and life lessons that Prof has shared which are really inspirable. Being able to balance work and family is indeed something I really admire and respect. I certainly hope that I will be able to balance that in the future.

In terms of content, I have definitely learnt more than just technology and world change. From the guest seminar and Prof’s personal sharing, I have learnt more about what it actually means to be an entrepreneur. Seeing so many of Prof’s past students actually becoming entrepreneurs certainly shows that being an entrepreneur is not something that is impossible. Though there will definitely be failures, as what the 3 guest speakers have mentioned, that ability to bounce right back is certainly a quality which I hope to achieve one day. Going through this course has certainly helped move me one step closer to achieving that.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Ho Wei Qi Valerie

Reflecting back on what I have learnt through this journey in TWC class, I believe that I have definitely obtained some valuable and priceless takeaways. These lessons learnt during this journey are definitely something I will not get from any other class. This teaching methodology of this class is very different from other classes, and I believe that I have benefitted a great deal in this module.

To me, the guest seminar was the highlight of this course. Unlike other modules, where presentations and case studies were held towards the end of the course, this module has a unique aspect, which provided a platform for us to gain more knowledge about real-life successful technical entrepreneurs. What this guest seminar has brought me is valuable and priceless lessons given by the speakers. It was indeed great to have these speakers conversing to us about their personal experiences, and sharing with us their failures and successes in their journey of being a technical entrepreneur. I found this really inspiring and served as a source of motivation for me to pursue my goals, and chase after my dreams.

Besides this, my team was assigned the role of getting refreshments for the seminar, and we had to work within a rather tight budget. This has allowed us to get out of our comfort zone and aim to get sponsorships from various companies. Through these experiences of interacting and communicating with the various sponsors of the guest seminar, it has certainly broaden my network and allowed me to build up on my confidence when liaising with these corporate members.

Furthermore, another distinct aspect of this module is the weekly in-class presentations. With these weekly presentations, it has provided me with more opportunities to practice presenting in class. This has helped to make me more confident in presenting in class, and conducting research as a group in a short span of time.

Moreover, the online forum has provided a platform for people who are not very comfortable with speaking in class, like myself. I found it really useful to provide my ideas, and comment easily on other classmates’ viewpoints. Through this online forum, I was exposed to several interesting articles, videos, and alternatives opinions and views, which has helped to expand my knowledge base.

Through this journey, I have also learnt the importance of appreciating the beauty of innovation and technology. I used to think that technology is something really technical and boring, and I will not be bothered to understand how they actually come up with the innovation. I’m thankful for all the inventors and corporations who have successfully created these fascinating innovations that we once thought were impossible. I have also learnt to grab on to opportunities when they are present, and work towards the goals I set for myself.

Even though this is not a module that we could bid for, I’m glad that I was pre-assigned to this class, as it has taught me several lessons which I doubt I would learn in other classes, and thanks to my group which made this learning journey even more wonderful!

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Tay Quan Feng

by Tay Quan Feng
(Singapore)


Time passed very quickly and my TWC journey has been very enjoyable. I was wrong, or rather, my friends were wrong when they told me that TWC was not really a useful module. In fact, I have learnt a lot from Prof and especially, from the three guest speakers in our TWC Guest Seminar 2013.

One of the objectives that I have set for myself was to learn something useful. To be honest, I was skeptical in the beginning because I have heard a lot of bad rumors regarding TWC from my close friends in SMU. After going through 13 weeks of TWC lessons and a meaningful Guest Seminar, I have gained more than just knowledge about technology and entrepreneurship. I have learnt some life lessons from Prof and the three guest speakers. I can still remember vividly about my takeaways from the Guest Seminar.

1) “Failure is an option” said by Ms Nanz Chong. I have learnt that it is alright to fail. In fact, we are able to learn and gain so much more when we failed. If we are able to persevere on, we will be able to be successful in our own way.

2) “We must love our employee” said by Mr Patrick Liew. In my opinion, it is easy to say ‘I love you’ but it is really tough to show our love with our actions. It is always important to treasure and love the people around us with our actions.

3) “If money can solve the problem, then it is not really a problem” said by Mr Darren Ho. Definitely, we have heard and read this from television shows and newspaper. However, it felt different when I heard it from Mr Darren. I learnt that in life, there are more important things that we should look into other than money. We should learn how to handle and manage people with care and respect.

I believe that everyone has benefited greatly from the Guest Seminar.

In addition, the different frameworks that are taught in class gave me an alternative way to analyze our current situation and to some extent, allow us to predict what may happen in the near future. Such frameworks are beneficial to students who want to be an entrepreneur. Furthermore, the Problem Based Learning methodology used by Prof Pamela helps us to learn and absorb faster. When Prof Pamela showed us the number of topics that are covered by our in-class presentation, to my surprise, I can still remember the content of many presentations. I believe that such teaching methodology is not limited to classroom learning. It can be applied to the working environment and it will be useful for many of us in one way or another.

The second objective that I have set was to get a good grade for this course. Although it is essential for us to get a good grade, I learnt that success and good grades may not be correlated. From the experience shared by the guest speakers and some of the techpreneurs interviewed by our classmates, I gathered that to be successful, it is the soft skills that are essential. Therefore, as students, we should not be blinded by grades, but at the same time, we should always sharpen our soft skills which will be an important asset in the near future.

Last but not least, I am glad that I have made some good friends during these 13 weeks. We are able to strengthen the bond within our group through organizing the Guest Seminar. We have worked hard to make the Guest Seminar a successful event. All in all, it has been a fruitful journey for me. Thank you Prof Pamela Lim, TAs and my dearest group mates as I have learnt a lot from all of you within these 13 weeks.

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2-Nguyen Le Hong Ngoc

photos of Group 2 with Prof Pamela Lim

photos of Group 2 with Prof Pamela Lim

When i first came to this class, my aim was to get more knowledge about technology and gain insights about how each innovation has shaped our current lifestyle. The lessons with Prof Pamela Lim, however, have offered me much more than just that. I've been given chance to think critically about the fast changing world under the influence of an endless flow of innovation. To me, the highlight of the course is the in-class discussion. Here I offered my own opinions about innovation, the good and bad effect of it. Not only that, I got to hear stories from Prof Pamela herself, those are related to the changing world of business and technology. Many of those offered refreshing points of view about the impact of innovation on our everyday life, as much as the macroeconomy. More often than not, Prof Pamela Lim enriched each lessons with videos to illustrate to her students how the theories of innovation should be understood and applied. I enjoyed doing the projects and in-class discussion questions given. I always look at the problems given as very well thought out, thus providing us sufficient guideline to work on, yet leaving enough space for us to come up a variety of answers. Only during the last lesson did Prof revealed that it is her style of teaching, called "Problem-based teaching". I appreciate her efforts in taking the toll of teaching, to guide us and at the same time let us bloom as individuals.

The key takeaway from TWC for me, is the various theories of innovation that were taught, to apply them to the real world context and have an idea of where the world is going. However, while doing so, I always remember Prof Pamela telling us that the real world is very dynamic and more often than not, we encounter situations where more than 1 typical framework can be applied. As much as technology is changing our world, we as individuals must find a way to adapt, making the best use of the innovation we have and keeping the control.

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2- Rachelle Lewis

by Rachelle Lewis
(Singapore )

Thanks for all the laughter during our discussions!

Thanks for all the laughter during our discussions!

Wow time really flies. In a blink of an eye, 13 weeks just flew pass and we are at the end of yet another semester at SMU. I entered this class with little or close to zero knowledge about entrepreneurship. Before I took this course, most of the people told me that this module will be one that is boring and basically a waste of time. However, as the term progressed, I realised they were wrong and I really enjoyed the journey. I had a great team, one that was funny and yet spontaneous at the same time. I have learnt a lot from them and from the Prof Lim as well. I enjoyed how she gave her own personal experiences as material for us to learn as it gave a personal touch to us as opposed to purely textbook based learning. It was truly refreshing and enriching to hear her point of view and advice.

One of the objectives that I set out for this course was to learn some insights on entrepreneurship and innovation. Through the group project where we interviewed an innovator who was someone who could relate to us as he was still studying in SMU when he ventured out, I learnt many valuable insights in not just entrepreneurship but also life as well. The importance of people and managing people in a business can sometimes be more important that the actual running of the business. Finding a good team that will stick with you through it all is of great importance if we are going to talk about sustainability. In addition, I also learnt what it takes to launch an innovation and how we should press on in the face of failure.

One of the most memorable part of this module was the Guest Seminar that we had. I was really inspired by the speakers and took away many valuable lessons just listening to them recounting their personal experiences. It wasn’t just about a course about entrepreneurship; it was also about real life lessons like finding what you is truly important to you in life as opposed to joining the endless rat race. I have learnt to be more critical in my thinking and to not take things at face value. Moving on from here, I hope to use the lessons learnt here and maybe venture into some business in the future.

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MGMT002-Term 2 AY2012/2013-Peh Zhen Tang

by Peh Zhen Tang
(Singapore)




Coming into this course, I really did not know what to expect, I was deeply bothered by the “big” words in the course name, “Technology and World Change (TWC)”. This was definitely something that might seem foreign to an accounting and finance student like me.


The seminars were totally different from I have experienced in my three years in SMU. In the first few lessons, I must confess that I find the breakout sessions challenging. In fact, I felt frustrating and angry for the short time given to complete the given assignment. I must admit I am a perfectionist by nature and certainly, what is produced at the end of a one-hour discussion does not satisfy my own definition of perfection. Also, as a year three, I find it really tough initially to be working with the freshmen in my group. In my opinion, I thought that there seemed to be a gap in their analysis and reasoning skills. I was very much an individualist, one who only believes in setting personal standards and overachieve. However, I realized my myopic view and proud mentality was wrong when Prof. Pamela criticized my presentation, though the freshmen might not be as knowledgeable as I am but they are able to come out “fresh” and “creative” ideas, which I am incapable of producing. I am grateful to say that the breakout sessions, coupled with my teammates gave me a realistic perspective towards this personal issue and brought me down to Earth. Teamwork is certainty everything, and is something I need to develop and make a habit of.


Other than the lessons taught in this course, such as the different theories of innovation and technology, I feel that the greatest lessons were outside of the textbook itself, especially through the sharing of Prof. Pamela’s experiences.


All lessons in accounting and finance either revolve around the different FRS (financial reporting standards) or mathematics model. Everything is fixed there, and there is always a standard procedure and right answer to all problems. However, in TWC, Prof. Pamela showed me that in the pursuit of success, hiccups might happen and success could ultimately mean different things to different people. To some, success could be earning millions of dollars, flying to different countries daily for meetings. While to a few, success could be earning just enough to get by and spending time with loved ones. Prof. Pamela is such a person.


The highlight of this TWC course is none other than the guest seminar, which I was given the opportunity to emcee the event. Being involved in the guest seminar was an once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for me. The anxiety and excitement to speak in front of successful entrepreneurs CEOs and hundreds of students were indescribable. Ms. Nanz-Chong, Mr. Patrick Liew and Mr. Darren Ho shared their pleasures of their success and also the pains of their failures. Indeed, one thing in common is their “never-say-die” attitude. Though it might sound cliché but that is also the only lesson I learnt from the guest seminar. Whether or not we embark on the entrepreneurship journey, failure will bound to strike, and that is what get will get us going, after all, it is the pains and disappointment from previous failures that ultimately make the fruits of success even sweeter.


In conclusion, though the 13 weeks of lessons failed to cultivate the entrepreneur in me, but it has somehow reshaped the ways I view success and life. I wish to thank my group and Prof. Pamela again. If given the opportunity, I would definitely wish to take another strategic management course under Prof. Pamela again.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Clement Neo Shao Wei

by Clement Neo
(Singapore)

Truthfully speaking, impression of the Technology and World Change module which I got from friends who took it last semester was that it was a dry and boring course which would not help me much in future. Honestly, I cannot remember the learning objectives that I had set for myself in journal 1, but I can definitely say that I did learn something which I never expected from this course.

I would say that initially, I disliked how the class was carried out, with breakout sessions being one of the main focus of each session and the professor teaching minimally from the book. However, I have come to realize the true merits of this teaching style is that learning is a process we have to go through ourselves and not something that the professor has to go through with us from the book. The breakout sessions have taught me to manage my time well, and also how to prepare for presentations in an efficient manner which I feel is an important skill needed when I enter the workforce.

The technopreneur case study presentation also gave an interesting insight into entrepreneuring in a way which we would not have been able to learn if a conventional teaching method had been used instead and the guest seminar gave us a sense of the personal trials and tribulations an entrepreneur goes through. Ultimately, I feel that the guest seminar was the highlight of the course as it taught us that “textbook knowledge” is not everything and we should not focus solely on that, which is what I think our professor has been trying to show us during our weekly sessions. It is equally important to develop good skills such as networking, having good core principles such as being considerate, and always being on your toes to outsmart competition is highly important to success as well.

Overall, I feel that TWC has given me a fresh perspective on what is important in life and the important skills that I should develop. Success is defined by ourselves and we shouldn’t be comparing ourselves to others as a benchmark of what we should be doing. Instead, it is more important to follow what you are truly passionate about because doing something you like and doing it well is what really makes us happy and that is success in itself. I would say that TWC has taught me things I would never expect it to, and that it was a worthwhile experience for me!

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Theodorus Kenny Surjadi

by Theodorus Kenny Surjadi
(Singapore)

Technology and World Change was an unknown concept for me. I am enrolling in Information Systems which deals with technology most of the time and yet I was rather indifferent about technology which was quite ironical. I tend to merely accept technology as they come, and did not analyse what’s beyond. Towards the end of the module, however, I begin to appreciate the fact that there are much more to innovations and technology. I never knew innovations and technology will have many classifications and concepts to it.

Through this class, I wanted to learn and appreciate how technology and innovations have changed the world and hopefully build my interest around it. I am glad to say that I do learn a lot in this class. Every class was really interesting, as I got to discuss about different things, which were quite bizarre at times. Topics such as ancient aliens, genetic engineering, and ancient technologies really fascinate me. Other than that, I also learn new things, mainly about patenting and rights. It was really new to me as I was not really exposed into those topics. It was very useful and definitely will become handy in the future.

Other than the technical stuff, I also learn much about entrepreneurship in this class. Many interesting stories that were shared by Prof. Pamela were really inspiring. Furthermore, I was really glad that I had the chance to be in the guest seminar. I got to meet inspiring entrepreneurs and listened to their success stories. Those were really an eye opener and they changed my perception towards entrepreneurship. I was quite a simple person and I always thought that business is merely to gain revenue. However, during the guest seminar, I learned that there is more than that. Setting up a business is actually about realizing one’s interests and beliefs. Moreover, setting up a business is really complex as there are stakeholders to satisfy.

I guess my skeptical view towards entrepreneurship was because I was really scared to fail. However, learning about their hardships and failure really opened my eyes. The message is clear, “Failure is an option” and in order to succeed, one has to experience failure and learn from it.

Overall, I am glad that I have the privilege to take this course and get to know inspiring people in class and outside.

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TWC-(2012/2013 term2)-Ng Zhen Jie


"It is good to have an end to journey toward; but it is the journey that matters, in the end." -Ursula K. Le Guin

The last 12 weeks have passed very quickly, but there was almost never a dull moment for me..(well, except for mid terms maybe, hahaha). The course has been really enjoyable and enriching, and we were always encouraged to explore more. I found the final project really interesting as we got to interview entrepreneurs and learn from their journey as well. There were much to learn such as the valuable people to people connections, the know-hows of your business and innovation processes, the soul-wares and the heart-wares ... ...

One key take away is that we should not be afraid to try.

But aside from all the academics, this journey was made even better with the company of my team mates and my fellow course mates as well; and I am grateful for their help and support throughout this journey. And though the journey is nearing an end, I hope the bonds we have forged will be lasting.

It is the journey that matters. :)

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TWC-2012/13Term 2- Ng Rui Qi



I definitely did take away from this course the objectives i set, and so much more than i bargained for. Firstly, the understanding of technology and how it impacts the world. I never was very fond of technology. Being a child of the new digital age, it was always there, but something i never thought much of. I never wondered more about it's impact, but after weeks of TWC i actually developed a thirst for more of technology. It's really incredible, and weeks of in-class presentations just threw up more and more technologies such as the contact lens, new homes and even green technology, which triggered my interest and gradually let to me researching more on them of my own accord. I'm proud to say that i actually speak knowledgeably, and at depth, of technologies and innovations as a conversational topic now! I never once thought that that was possible, for me.
Going through the 45 minute break-outs and 2 minutes presentations also helped me to gain the confidence and ease of making an impromptu presentation, as well as to process and understand the main points of the question quickly. It was through these sessions that i realised just how much work could be done in such a short time, and week after week, the groups came back with so much more, and challenged themselves to improve and up their game. That was pretty impressive.
I love how prof teaches and guides us with her vast knowledge. The bible quotes, the stories and personal anecdotes she shares help make TWC so relatable to me, and makes me understand better just how amazing technology is, and how it ties in to daily life. In addition to that, the posing of insightful questions and interesting themes made me want to know more, and start doing research.What i adored about this course was prof's teaching methodology- even though we barely had any homework, we were taught to think, and gain an interest in the subjects ourselves. The thirst for knowledge led us to learn more on our own, and i've learnt so much from this course, way more than i expected, and the most priceless lesson would be the love for knowledge. I'm used to rote-learning and masses of books, never quite learning more than is necessary for the exams. Over the years, I forget the knowledge rapidly. Yet, TWC has taught me more than theories and i'm genuinely sad that TWC seminars are over.
What i'm also going to miss- my friends, and prof's warm personality. I came into the class knowing nobody but i've gained a lovely group which encourages and spurs one another on. I've learnt so much. Thank you.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Lee Sze Shuan Melanie

by Lee Sze Shuan Melanie
(Singapore)

After my group's interview with Professor Ting See Ho, our selected Technopreneur

After my group's interview with Professor Ting See Ho, our selected Technopreneur

I have thoroughly enjoyed my journey through the module Technology and World Change. To be honest, I dreaded the idea of a lesson at 8.30am every Tuesday and thought nothing of the possibility of enjoying any part of it.

However, that thinking changed when I realised that Professor Pamela Lim did not believe in the conventional methods of imparting knowledge. I had always believed that "Technology" was a "boy's topic" and that it was wrong for girls to have to sit through a module solely on it. That shallow mindset was corrected progressively as I began realising through the in-class group projects that Technology did not just encompass machines like those in the movie "Transformers", but that it actually represents the progression of society. The in-class group projects comprised of researching on aliens, myths and more modern topics like partnerships in the automobile industry. Despite how abstract they sounded in the start, Professor Pamela Lim was always able to draw a parallel to the topic posed for research and the official module of Technology and World Change. All I can say is that I was successfully enticed into loving the module despite it being an 8.30am class every Tuesday.

At the start of the module, I was asked to pen down the objectives I intended to achieve by the end of the module. They consisted of the following:

1.Enable a better understanding of what it takes to become a successful innovator
2.To become more in tune with technology and innovation news and happenings
3.To complete the course with an excellent grade

I am proud to say that I think the first two objectives have been achieved whilst the last remains to be seen.

My enrollment in the Technology and World Change module under Professor Pamela Lim piqued my interest in the Technological industry. Starting out, I realised the accumulation of an ignorance I had unknowingly allowed to build up. I did not know who started Google, did not know that new processes qualified as technological change while the idea of entrepreneurship and innovation remained an abstract idea.

Having completed the module, I am happy to say that I have a new found interest in Technology; I know that Sergey Brin and Larry Page started Google, I know that Henry Ford's assembly line is considered an innovation and I know a little bit more about entrepreneurship (after having attended the Technology and World Change guest seminar).

The opportunity of attending the guest seminar and listening to entrepreneurs who have "been there and done that" was a significant highlight of the module and where I gained a valuable takeaway. I was particularly captivated by what Mr Patrick Liew and Mr Darren Ho said about people being the most valuable assets in startups. It made perfect sense although it never occured to me before. Prior to listening to their speeches, I thought that the most valuable assets in a startup consisted of the equipment that enabled the business to function. The speeches by both men helped re-align my perspective to see that valuable as the equipment are, people are needed to operate them.

In conclusion, I entered the Technology and World Change module without knowing what to expect to learn and not expecting to enjoy it. Contrary to those preconceived ideas, I have emerged with new found knowledge and perspectives and even a chance to interview a technopreneur from the industry - Things that I had never expected to do when I was first assigned a class under this module.

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TWC-2012/13Term 2-Soh Yong Sheng


At the beginning of the course, I aimed to achieve these 3 objectives:
1) Gain more course-related knowledge
2) Broaden my social network
3) Be more active in class participation

Coming to the last week of the course, I feel that I have achieved these 3 objectives as I have:

1) Learnt about how technologies resulted in innovations
2) Made many friends in the class
3) Willing to contribute to class participation

Besides meeting these objectives, I have also learnt valuable "lessons" during the past 13 weeks of seminars. Firstly, I have learnt that technologies have allowed the emergence of innovations that form the bulks of our life. Besides, I have also learnt that in order to be a successful innovator, it does not means that I have to produce something that no one has even seen before. Rather, it can be a simple alteration to existing products/services/processes, in the case of incremental innovations, which would also have the ability to result in a huge impact. Lastly, the most important lesson I have learnt is with regards to the need to be patient when dealing with innovations as innovations comprise of a lengthy process. Hence, the main takeaway from the course is the understanding of the importance to be creative and patient in order to be successful.

It has been an enjoyable and fruitful learning journey during the past 13 weeks. Therefore, I would love to take this opportunity to thank prof Pamela and my group member for this wonderful experience.

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TWIC-2012/13Term2-Sharon Yeo

by Sharon Yeo
(Singapore)


When I first found out that the prof I was assigned to for TWC was Prof Pam, I couldn’t have been more excited. As I have an interest in entrepreneurship, to be taught by an experienced and successful female entrepreneur who had been out in the field was truly enthusing. Apart from the problem-based learning approach she took which transformed the learning experience, Prof often shared with us her experiences and insights over the years as an entrepreneur, which added great value to the course. It was always refreshing and enriching to hear her point of views and advice for aspiring entrepreneurs. Under Prof Pam, TWC wasn’t just a course about the rote learning of theories of innovation. TWC became a course which also taught me about entrepreneurship and real life lessons (such as balancing work and life, personal values, finding what is most important to you in life, etc.)

One of the objectives I set out at the beginning of the course was to learn some lessons about entrepreneurship and innovation from real-life entrepreneurs. The second group project where we interviewed a technical entrepreneur, Ms Pranoti of Rotimatic, as well as the guest seminar that Prof organized together with her students provided much opportunity to achieve this. Some of the key lessons I’ve learnt is the importance of people and managing people in a business, what it takes to launch a product, and how we should press on in the face of failure. I believe these are lessons that will prove useful in future.

I have also learnt to be more critical in my thinking and not to take things at face value. This course has taught me to question what I read, the cause and effects as well as what to think and anticipate for the future to be prepared for it – or even tap into the value of it. As a generation that grew up with technology, we have an added advantage to learn how to tap on the great potential of such technology especially as it evolves over the years.

Moving on from the exposure and foundation that this course has provided, I hope to be able to one day start a business to which these lessons can be applied to.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Seow Chin Juen

by Seow Chin Juen
(Singapore)

At the beginning of the course, i thought that TWC would be just like another content mod, with lots of lectures, assignments, readings and projects. However, Prof pam made it very fun, especially with the cooking presentation and the later technopreneur interview. The break out sessions were also very beneficial for team bonding and learning, as we learn better when researching and presenting on our own topic. Learning is more independent, and the increased focus on presentations and speaking makes us all more confident and able when it comes to conveying our ideas to the class and in future, when we have to do the same to clients.

Prof pam has been very engaging during her lectures, giving us lots of opportunities to participate, and also the opportunity to do the online class part makes it easier for the shyer ones.

Overall, it has been a fruitful journey, and i've made good friends in the process. Thanks prof pam for all the insights and experiences about entrepreneurship you shared. It will certainly go a long way for those who are intending to become entrepreneurs in future.

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TWC-2012/2013Term 3-Bryan Ng (G17)

Group picture with Prof Pamela and TA Clarine!

Group picture with Prof Pamela and TA Clarine!

TWC has been an unexpected learning journey for me this semester. At first, I was very apprehensive about what I would really learn from TWC. I admit to having had some pre conclusions of the module, mainly generic impressions that were over simplistic. Since it was termed TWC, I thought all that I would learn would be a whole truckload of different inventions etc. Except for the extra knowledge, I couldn’t see how I would gain much from the module. Of course, my narrow view was immediately changed in my first lesson.

Apart from the information and examples that TWC under professor Pamela provides, there was also much more knowledge and wisdom that I managed to gain. For example, the knowledge triggered certain moments when I begun to question if I could utilize these information to actually carve out an entrepreneurial path. I think this can be attributed to how the class is themed slightly towards entrepreneurial ideas inter weaved with the changes that technology and innovation gives. Sometimes, it feels empowering to also understand, for example, the cycle of innovation and if you could identify which point we are at, you could decide what technological business would be more appropriate.

I also appreciated the learning style adopted in this lesson. It got me to become a lot more independent through doing in class research with my group. We got to explore different fields and present the little we know about these fields. In addition, we get to learn about different fields as different groups share about their research to us. The collaborative learning culture in this module is something I really appreciated.

Through the course, I also learnt a lot about expressing my ideas. I appreciated how professor Pamela took the initiatives to induce a very participative class setting. I agree with her that such an environment would only be beneficial for our class learning environment. Indeed, I have learnt a lot not just from my friends’ inputs but also certain soft skills. I learnt how to put my point across in a concise manner. I think this is an extremely important skill for our future careers. Most of our jobs would require quick responses that are bite size. Summary is one key point here.

I’m sure the lessons learnt in TWC would help us a lot in the future.

It has truly been a wonderful journey. Thank you once again.

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SMU Technology and World Change-2012/13 1B G18-Tan Ghim Wee Jeromy


I set out wanting to know more about what this course is about and how relevant it would be to me. It was a sense of apprehension; I was not sure of how to quantify knowledge like technology and innovations, the types, the way to describe it, because it seem so intangible and hard to grasp and objectify these strands of knowledge. I wanted to be able to grasp the changes occurring around the world and understand more about entrepreneurship.

What I have learnt are some valuable knowledge on how to categorise and make sense of innovation and innovators. Interesting stuff I learnt include the forms and types of innovation which really gives insight into explaining the technology revolution cycles.

One of the criteria of this course that is really important and essential is the entrepreneur talks, that groups in the module had to find and interview and find out specific problems that they faced, mainly funding issues, etc. It was a very good experience because it really allowed us to get a first hand experience and really understand on a local context the problems that these entrepreneurs face, and the aspirations they have for the future.

This really brings back memories of my job stint working under the Ministry of Information, Communication and the Art (MICA), in which I was assigned to survey SMEs under the design industry, namely Graphic, industrial, environmental design, landscaping and land surveying. I could relate to the pains of entrepreneurs and other directors running SMEs. They highlighted the talent crunch of locals, their work attitude and expectations and the foreign talent immigration policies and quota which really hurt their businesses. It made me realise how thriving and struggling to stay afloat in this highly competitive and saturated market would really mean coming up with something viable and really successfully commercialising the innovation with a reliable, well oriented, self functional team.

I have also learned to value the weekly in-class presentations, which trains us to think on our feet with limited resources on a time constraint, to capitalise on the strengths of our group mates, which emphasises the productivity of teamwork, and also to able to manage heavy information influx with proper methods of sieving and limiting. It really hones our skill of making impromptu decisions/actions/speeches which will prove useful in our lives.

My takeaway is that modern entrepreneurs are in some way or another another form of a techno-preneur-almost all startups today have to deal with technology, to provide business solutions and convenience to the consumers. I understood that technology is interlinked with world change and it is incorporated in our everyday lives. This module of Technology and World Change has reignited my interest in entrepreneurship, especially SMU's Institute of Innovation and Enterprise, and modules such as Technological Entrepreneurship, to get gain an even more in-depth understanding.

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TWC MGMT 002 - 2012/13 Term2 -Lim Kuan Fei


TWC MGMT002 -2012/13Term2-Lim Kuan Fei G18
Journal 3

TWC has broadened my knowledge about the world and allow me to gain a further understanding of the various types of technology and innovation from the past till now and also on how entrepreneurship and businesses exist, the challenges faced and structures put in place to help them. Initially I came for TWC class without much knowledge of all these, but never did I realize that after this semester I feel that I have learnt a lot about the functions of the world where businesses seem like they form a large part of the driving forces of globalization and economic growth. Businesses are not easy to develop and there are many unseen time and efforts put behind them and through TWC I have come to better appreciate these entrepreneurs and businesses. They have also taught me that failure is not everything and with luck, timing, resources and networks, nothing is impossible and success is something that we should work towards. In addition, the benefits such as economic growth and job creation brought by these enterprises and people are not to be overlooked because it is due to them taking the first step to set up their businesses that we can further develop from there.

Not only is the subject itself allowing me to gain various insights, the lesson is also engaging and has developed me into a more proactive speaker with better critical thinking skills. Through the countless in class discussions we have, it has allowed me to analyze the various issues presented at hand and present it sufficiently within a short time period. It challenges my critical thinking and research skills and also allow me to gain more knowledge about the topic each groups are doing on as well.

Overall, it has been a very enriching TWC lesson and I enjoy it very much! Thank you prof Pamela and our TA Beng How 

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2- Wu BingWen, Benjamin

by Wu BingWen,Benjamin


TWC was one of those special modules that I would look forward to even though it is on a Monday morning. The relaxed environment allowing everyone to voice out their views freely and the breakups help the teams to bond and understand how to work with each other as well as improve on presentations skills in which I was not very good at. My teammates were extremely helpful in helping me develop better presentation skills. They often give me tips and suggestions to help me improve and encouraged me to do better.
When I wrote my first journal in TWC, I mentioned that I wanted to understand more about IP in which I did during the last few lessons of TWC. IP was a game for the 'Big boys' as mentioned by Prof somewhat changed my perception of protecting your property as a small company and its challenges and case studies like the one with XIT helps us to illustrate that point.As Prof was a veteran in the entrepreneurial scene, she gave us real issues and her opinion on certain issues in class with great detail. Prof's learning approach was a unique experience as compared to other modules.
Interviewing entrepreneurs like Ms Pranoti, owner of Zimplistic and inventor of the Rotimatic was one of the aspects of TWC I find to be the most rewarding. She has imparted us some useful insights and experiences of a startup company. Ms Pranoti shared her problems as an entrepreneur and told us a few strategies to overcome them. I also shared these concepts with some of my friends who are currently managing startups as well.
The Guest Seminar for TWC was a great opportunity to learn from successful entrepreneurs who shared great insights with the students in a fun and entertaining way.
It is a pity that TWC would no longer be a core module as the experiences gain through this course could be the closest thing we have for some of us to see how businesses are managed , what are the areas that needed special attention and the processes involved.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Jane Wang


After 12 weeks of TWC lessons, I am glad to be lucky enough to be allocated to this section with Prof Pamela and my classmates. I enjoyed her style of teaching immensely as she often taught us things beyond the textbook, peppering her lessons with interesting life anecdotes. Also, I enjoyed the idea of an in-class presentation where each lesson had opportunities for discussion. I felt that that not only did I learn to do things quickly and efficiently within a specific time limit, these were also opportunities that allowed me to get to know my group mates better.

The preparation process for Case Study presentation was tiring and exhausting for all of us had other commitments and assignments to complete at the same time. Yet it was a meaningful project and I felt that I gained a lot of knowledge and life lessons. I got to understand how businesses operate after interviewing our selected technical entrepreneurs and the concerns and obstacles that businesses, especially local start-ups, face.

As this semester comes to an end, I would just like to say that I am extremely grateful for my TWC group mates. Working together with them was a fun and memorable journey and all of us contributed to the team in different manners. I hope that the friendship that we share will go a long way.

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TWC-2012/13Term2- Lee Hui Min

by Lee Hui Min

After the seminar :)

After the seminar :)

After the seminar :)
With the Prof!
The guest seminar's Q&A session

When I first saw "Technology and World Change" as one of my assigned modules this semester, I went thinking “What can I learn that I don’t already know? What a “fluff” mod…” and proceeded on to writing some really vague things about my desired outcomes and takeaways for this course... Something about how I want to learn how technology affects the world and how the world interacts with technology. But now, at the end of 13 weeks, I think I have learnt a lot more than I ever expected from the course.

Prof went “It’s really very difficult to do badly for my class… Do SMU students even get Cs and below?” at the first lesson and I was taken aback by her directness. She really emphasizes on the fact that there’s more to life than just grades.

I see my friends struggling with their TWC project and I really feel very lucky that I have a Prof who is sincerely concerned about real life application of the knowledge rather than just quality reports. She trains us to think of get ready a presentation within 20 minutes (excluding the actual break time) and trains us to present on the spot, which I think is really good for me to adapt to what I will most likely be doing in real life where I won’t have so much time to prepare and present my case.

It really didn’t have to be anything complicated, it could even be about aliens and pyramids, but the short preparation time really trained me how to sieve out relevant, interesting and useful information from the plethora of resources online. How to work together as a team in preparing something useful, and then using this information to teach the class about something.

I really enjoyed listening and learning from the presentations because I get to learn from a student’s perspective instead of just absorbing what Prof has to say (not that it isn’t important of course).

Prof always encourages us to dig deeper and think creatively, to think big or go home. She always asks us questions that make us look forward instead of focusing on the past or present like what is going to hit the market next, will it survive etc etc.

This is important as change is happening not only on a larger scale but also at a rapidly increasing rate, and especially relevant if we wish to set up our own business, like how to incorporate such changes and prepare ourselves for such changes so that we won’t fall behind by using the knowledge we learnt in class as a general gauge.

The guest seminar was also a very valuable experience for me, a chance to hear from actual entrepreneurs and learn from their own experiences. It made me understand the value of keeping a good network not only by knowing more people, but also making people want to know you and keep in contact with you.

It also reminded me that having a never say die attitude is extremely important when it comes to creating and running a business. Not only so, making others happy and being happy with yourself is essential to lead a fulfilling life, regardless of whether you are an entrepreneur, manager or employee.

Working to prepare for it with my team made me realize that planning a seminar is a lot harder than it looks! Getting the right equipment and making sure that it works and people know how to use it, having great MCs, and ensuring everything runs smoothly really required us to coordinate and communicate with each other properly to make the event a success. I think I had wonderful team :)

I feel thankful for a great opportunity to learn so much from so many people.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Cerlyn Siew

“We are changing the world with technology.” This famous quote was from Bill gates and it is a powerful quote that is predictive of the future. It also aptly explains why we are learning this course. As a modern person living in this tech savvy era, I have experienced the importance and usefulness of technology in almost every part of my daily life; I cannot imagine living without a phone/laptop/tablet. Hence, I approached TWC positively, thinking that it would be a very useful course. Yet despite its usefulness and relevance, I had a perception that it would be very much theoretical and perhaps even a dry topic.

However, I am glad that I was wrong and in fact pleasantly surprised. My TWC journey was not only substantiated with theories but also a hands-on experience. With in-class research and personal recounts from technopreneurs themselves, I got to see and experience how technology plays a critical role in our lives today and will likely continue to do so in our future. I feel that the in class research is an interesting and engaging method of learning and that the topics were not always the usual kind, like the one on myths was creative and thought provoking. I also feel that the last research done recently helped to wrap things up nicely as it reminds us that there is always a flip side to everything. So no matter how good technology is, there will always be negative impacts and thus we need to be prudent with the changes we make using technology as it may or may not be for good.

I feel that my greatest takeaway is from the guest seminar. It showed real life examples which I feel are most relevant and relatable in life. I not only learnt about technology and its relevance to business but also the part on ‘world change’. Undoubtedly, technology will play a role in today but the question seems to be how will it be used and for what purpose. Speeches from the three speakers could provide some insights; to embrace own failures and to love and nurture others. With keen competition in this field, technoprenuers are unlikely to succeed at first try so they will need perseverance. And if they have a vision of using their products or services to help others than they will truly become world changers, who will change the world into a better place for all.

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TWC-2012/13 Term2-Abigail Chung

To be honest, when I started taking this course, I did not have very high expectations of it. I thought that it would just be another boring university core module that I had no choice but to take. However, as I did the readings for the lessons, listened to group presentations, and researched material with my own group to present, I realized that a lot of the content covered in the course is very relevant to and has great application to business, in terms of starting out wisely, healthy management, and eventually finding success in the marketplace.

Although the path I have planned for myself is not that of a businessman, I believe the lessons I have learnt are nonetheless valuable. I think the lessons focusing on the theories of innovation are useful for the analysis of which part of the innovation cycle the economy is now at, and therefore what type of innovation should one gear towards in order to stand out in a positive way. With respect to concepts such as the establishment of a dominant model, it had never occurred to me before that there were such technicalities to innovation that could make or break one’s business. In this regard, the course has truly been an eye-opener for me.

Personally, the most challenging part of the course has been the time when the class drew lots and our group was saddled with the responsibility of providing food for the guest seminar with 400 attendees, on the slim budget of $200. We ran into many dead ends trying to secure sponsorships, and started to worry as the date of the seminar drew closer. However, Valerie proved to be a particularly resourceful group member, managing to snag a few food sponsorships. I was also able to contact a family friend who agreed to provide food for us. Ultimately, we were able to get most of the food for free, spending only on beverages and Halal food.

On the day of the seminar, we were only able to listen to the first guest speaker – Nanz Chong. Even in that short period of time, I was able to glean many interesting takeaways from her sharing, such as the benefit of allowing intimacy with customers that small businesses afford and the importance of investing in building a network of influencers. What was particularly interesting to note was that Ms Chong practiced what she preached – in giving out books to the SMU community so the students could loan or recommend them to friends, she would indirectly be pushing sales of those titles, or at least promoting her name among the student population.

Finally, I am grateful for the many ad-hoc in-class presentations we were made to give during the course. It has give me confidence and made me more comfortable with speaking to an audience given only a short period of time to prepare, a skill which I am sure will come in useful when I enter the corporate world in the future.

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2-Fatin Nuratiqah Mohd Rashaid

by Fatin Nuratiqah Mohd Rashaid
(Singapore)

Breakout sessions. In-class presentations. Case studies and interviews. Sounds like a load, doesn’t it? Honestly, nothing could have been better. I’d started this course in January deciding that I wanted to finish this course a more informed individual, especially with regards to ‘Technology and World Change’. Now that we are nearing the end (almost there, folks!), I can safely say that this course has definitely helped me to accomplish that.

I’m not sure if it would have been the same if the course were taught in the conventional lecture method, given the nature of this subject. Perhaps others will say differently, but for someone (like me) who finds it a challenge to comprehend stuff related to technology and the likes, the ‘problem-based learning’ method used by Prof. Pamela made it a lot easier for me to digest the information. I’d especially enjoyed the breakout sessions – the topics assigned were a lot more interesting and thought provoking, which enhanced my understanding of the topic. These sessions allowed me to venture into areas that I would have never thought about on my own, and this definitely contributed to my learning ‘outside the box’. I thought the class on aliens and mummies was especially exciting; I’d pored over books on those topics when I was a primary school student, and even then, there were still a lot of information presented during that session that I did not know about. Granted, that was quite a few years back; so this just goes to show how important it is for us to keep up with times because new information is being discovered ever so often!

Outside of the classroom, I have tried my best to stay in touch with what is happening in the world that affects technology and innovation. As I’ve indicated in the previous journal, our learning would be much more meaningful if it was accompanied with real-life lessons from the goings-on in the outside world, as it seeks to reinforce all that we’ve learnt within the confines of school. This was in part accomplished through the breakout sessions mentioned earlier, as well as through participation in the class forum. It was rather uplifting to read the posts of fellow course mates regarding the little snippets that they come across while trolling the Internet.

The interviews with the technical entrepreneurs were just as enlightening. It was a good opportunity for us to have a meaningful, in-depth conversation with these entrepreneurs and get first hand lessons from them. Aside from learning about the importance of institutional support and funding for an entrepreneur, it helps to mentally prepare the budding entrepreneurs amongst us for the challenges that lie ahead. Also, it is encouraging to know that most of those featured during the class presentations were former SMU students ;)

In all, this course has been a highly memorable and educational one in more ways than one. Thank you Prof. Pamela and TAs for making it so ☺

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TWC-2013/14Term2-Julien Amet

My awesome TWC group! Great success!

My awesome TWC group! Great success!

I vividly remember my first class where we had to come up with a presentation in about 20 minutes and I panicked- I had always been a nervous-wreck when it comes to presentation and now we have to do it in 20 minutes and in our first lesson? It is strange even to this day to think that we had to do an impromptu presentation with people we've not even formally introduced ourselves to. We took the cue from our TA to gather in our groups. I threw a lot of ideas on the ground hoping it will help the team and also partly with the intention of influencing my team mates not to choose me as the presenter since they might think I had already put in effort in the brainstorming. However, everyone agreed I should present, possibly because I was confident of the things I said but the truth is- my mind was in turmoil to think that I have to speak in front of a class 40 odd students in the first day of lessons! To add, I was rather nervous thinking about the first day of school the night before and did not sleep as well. Then I was thinking, I had better learn to be confident of doing things impromptu now. Well, let's just say the rest is history.

Ahhh, how time flies when you are enjoying yourself! As I bid farewell to my group mates after our last lunch together, I can’t help but think of all good times we had together as a team, as friends. Good times were too many to recount, every class was filled with joy and laughter. I have to admit, even though my group weren’t serious half the time (or at least I thought they weren’t), we still managed to churn out the results where it mattered most -and still have fun at the same time.

Fun aside, this class has definitely transcended typical learning in the class. The interactive pedagogy has helped me in building my confidence in public speaking. This will go a long way in my future career, no doubt.

As crucial was the things I learnt about technology. What Darren Ho (guest speaker, 2013) said rung true- that every organisation you work for is inevitably intertwined with technology. There is no escape from the wide-reaching effects of technology and its power to drastically alter the business climate. From technology curves to business angels, honestly, I am not sure if I would be able to apply that in real life. Yet, the acquaintance with technology is itself fulfilling. What we’ve learnt about technology is merely the tip of the iceberg but has taught me to be more critical of the things around me and question how certain phenomenon is actually being shaped by technology.

Perhaps the lesson which I found most valuable was the impromptu presentations. Whether we like it or not, the world does not revolve around us. Things occur spontaneously and the things that happen, sometimes, are not within our control. Learning to be able to encapsulate my ideas and to succinctly and confidently present it to the class has always been a great fear of mine. Things have changed now. It might sound absurd to think that these impromptu presentations have a hand in teaching me about technology. Not technology perhaps, rather, the way we deal with technology. We live in a generation of radical change. Technology constitutes a large part of this change and this change is bound to influence the way processes are carried out. To be versatile and to be able to react spontaneously with change is a great skill to have and that is exactly what these impromptu presentations have taught me- to ebb and flow with my surroundings and give my 100% all the time, every time.

As for objectives, I did not have any to begin with so it will be dishonest to reflect about things that had never happened. But what I can definitely reflect about is my expectations of the course and whether it had been met. A vehement YES! As with all other students, I asked around about Professor Pamela’s teaching style and was relieved to hear only positive things. I thought, that’s great! I wasn’t disappointed, in fact, the workload is quite slack (let’s be honest here). Yet, we cannot dismiss a small workload as not being able to learn. Oscar Wilde once said that “what is worth knowing cannot be taught”. This course truly exemplifies this notion. We learnt to be confident of ourselves; we learnt about technology; we invited and organised a guest seminar and even about entrepreneurship which is obviously not part of the syllabus. Why the need to emphasize rote learning and rigorous teaching when there is Problem-Based Learning? There must be a reason why the best medical colleges have adopted this form of teaching and I was fortunate to experience it first-hand. I must say this journey has been remarkable to say the least. Thank you professor, TAs and fellow students!

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TWC – 2012/13 Term 2 – Tey Jing Yin

I could still remember vividly how apprehensive and dreadful I was to attend TWC lessons on early Monday mornings at the beginning of the semester. Honestly, though I have always been fascinated about technologies, my first thought about the module from its name ‘Technology and World Change’ seems to me that the lessons are going to be dry and boring. However, I am glad that Professor Pamela’s classes have proved me otherwise through her Problem Based Learning Method of conducting the lessons. I decided to take on the lessons with an open mind, hoping to gain more insight into how the evolution of technologies has impacted our lives and other areas of interests such as research or businesses that can be explored throughout the course.

Through the Problem Based Learning Method, I find that it has been effective for me to learn many different and new aspects of technology and innovation. It is more interesting and insightful when we are able to research first hand and find out more about the issues that we are given. Rather than the usual styles of lessons where professors would present the theories on their slides, the opportunity to learn from peers’ presentations was interesting and easier to understand. Moreover, with the different groups focusing on different topics of research, it becomes more insightful when we are able to hear the different findings from each group. Especially on the week where we were told to research on aliens and technologies, the area of research was unique and the peer presentations on various types of aliens that can associate with technology enabled us to wonder and think more critically about the source and history of technology and innovation. Other insightful knowledge that I have gained is the understanding of different factors and theories of innovation and technology, intellectual property rights and technopreneurship which I have never come across as much before.

Speaking of technopreneurship, the greatest takeaway that I have during this TWC journey is the Entrepreneurship Guest Seminar. It was an inspiring evening to listen to the three distinguished guest speakers share their business experiences. The seminar has challenged my initial perceptions about entrepreneurship and allowed me to gain a new perspective that it is a journey of lifelong learning rather than just earning profits out of it. From all the three speakers, the most inspiring message of the seminar that I have gained is to always be resilient and look beyond failure. We should not let it define who we are but a stepping stone to greater success.

Overall, the course has enabled me to gain a greater awareness on the various aspects of technology and a new perspective on entrepreneurship. My objectives have been met and I am thankful that Professor Pamela has made this TWC journey an insightful and meaningful one.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-HuangHao

by HuangHao
(China)



Thanks for Professor Pamela Lim’s teaching. TWC class is quite a fantastic journey. I appreciate this course because it gives me the overall perspective of this world’s technological business and much general knowledge that helps me understand this world better. Before beginning this course, I took Business, Government and Society which concentrates on the role of governments in regulating the business. After that, I’m quite curious about how business runs and how business changes in this world because BGS just covers partial stuff. Professor Pamela Lim, with very successful entrepreneurship experience and very good speaking skills, shared her experience and her special views of the technological business that spark me to be interested in the world change. Before this course, I had many objectives like improve my speaking skills, knowing how entrepreneurs do their business and improve my analytical thinking in case studies. So far, in this journey, I finish all. Firstly, Professor prefers to use interactive teaching methods to help us learn better by sharing views with other classmates. In each class, we need to do in-class presentations about case study. It is quite challenge for me. As an International student, I have poor English speaking skills and I’m afraid to share my own opinions with classmates. But in-class presentations help me involve in new environment by sharing views with group mates and questioning other group presentations. Meanwhile, I have very nice group mates who always encourage me to do in-class presentations and correct my accent and give my suggestions on my presentation. Secondly, professor uses her real experience in entrepreneurship that gives me very impressive views on doing business. Actually, my father is an entrepreneur. I am quite interested in being entrepreneur because it is challengeable, risky and people need to use the entire source they have to do entrepreneurship which can represent people’s ability. But my father discouraged me to do that because he thought that it was a very hard road and it will sacrifice family time and health in doing that. After listening my father’s suggestions, I feel that I am not confident in doing entrepreneurship with poor ability in leadership. But Professor encouraged us with her hard but priceless entrepreneurial experience. Moreover, in order to provoke our interest and potential in starting a business, professor held a guest seminar and invited many successful entrepreneurs in Singapore to share their feelings and views on the tips in doing entrepreneurship. From this journey, I picked up my confidence and know the important tips in doing it like maintaining networking, being brave to challenge failures and learn from failures etc. What’s more, I found my advantages and disadvantages in doing entrepreneurship through this journey. For example, I found that I’m good at analyzing with fluent structure and creative thinking so in the future, I can deal with things with good strategies. But my disadvantages make me weak. For instance, I’m quite introvert to do networking and I’m lack of leadership. So they make me hard to apply my advantages. That’s the part I need to improve in my university life. Thirdly, I further improved my analytical skills by doing different cases. Professor set many case studies for us to discover the world. By analyzing cases and sharing ideas with my group mates then respond questions from classmates, I learn quite a lot in analyzing things from different perspectives and combining others’ views with my own view to develop more mature points. I hope I can utilize the knowledge I learn in class!

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Calvin Setiawan Irwanto

I will be very honest for this journal.

There are a number of infamous “fluff” modules we have to take in our freshman year. These are generally modules that serve little to no purpose to students and are only taken because of the university requirement. In fact, the course requirements of these modules are often very grey and do not depict a concrete picture of what they are trying to achieve; I know university is supposed to teach us to tolerate the grey areas of life and it is certainly not doing very well now.

And TWC, unfortunately, is often cited as one of these
modules.

But, if there is one good thing that ever comes out from these fluff modules, it is their dependencies on the instructors. I found out that other TWC instructors teach in different ways and there is no uniformity across the university with regards to the syllabus. In other words, whether or not the course would be interesting and useful heavily depends on the instructors themselves. Good or bad I do not know, but I have definitely benefitted from this. In fact, I consider myself lucky to have taken 2 of these fluff modules this semester under 2 very inspiring professors.

TWC seminars under Prof. Pamela Lim turn out to be one of the most enjoyable seminars among all of my other modules this semester. Her experience as an entrepreneur, a person, and a mother, prove to be enriching. Truth to be told, her sharing of her life experiences is often more useful and educating than the textbook concepts on which her seminars are based on. Prof debunked the rosy pictures painted by the textbook on IP protection issues through her own experience and observation on IP wars and lawyers. She shared her opinion on innovation processes, copycats, VCs and etc.. It is this openness in terms of communicating her thoughts and her practical view of the world that have made the course truly enriching for me.

In addition, she imparted some of her values, especially on the importance of giving, which I consider to be my biggest takeaway from the course. And coincidentally, all the guest speakers in the guest seminar talked about it. Perhaps it is not a coincidence but the fact that it is a value that is common to all successful entrepreneurs means that there is really something to it. Nevertheless, I always think that unless you fall you will not learn. Although there are so many around us telling us to give more, we will not do it, at least not seriously, until we fall. All in all, the guest seminar was really the best that prof has offered us throughout the course. It really got me thinking and helped me to refine my values.

I think that the case study on technopreneurs that all of us had to do is the most interesting assignments of all. We get to hear how these startups are built from the people themselves. We get to know their difficulties and how they overcome them, their successes and more importantly, their mindset and way of doing business. In fact, I was quite surprised of how easy it was to ring these people up and arrange for an interview, contrary to what I think of entrepreneurs as that group of people who are always busy and have no time to deal with university students.

All in all, the course was a nice introduction into entrepreneurship to get us started. In my first reflection journal, I talked about how I hope to understand how the world of innovation works, how to stay on top and benefit from it. I have obviously not achieved any of these. In fact, I think there is no way to achieve all these if I am not an entrepreneur myself. And the course has spurred my interest to further pursue the field.

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TWC - 2012/2013 Term 2 - WU NING

by WU NING
(Singapore)

TWC class has been an eye opener for me, and I am quite confident to say that the objectives that I set for myself has been achieved. This course has equipped me with the knowledge of how technology innovation has brought about changes to our lives and how entrepreneurs initiate and refine new technologies and establish corporations.
Having been through the entire course of study, I manage to gain insight into the technological innovation that took place in the past, that is occurring right now, and that will be happening in the future. It really opened my eyes with many of innovations that I never heard of before through in-class presentation and peer sharing, and this course also deepened my understanding of some types of technology that I heard of before but was not so familiar with until being provided with more insight during TWC class, such as the usage of 3-D printer, the working mechanism of induction cooker, to name just a few. Besides, the success stories and many mini-cases in the textbook also strength my knowledge in technology-based theories as well as make me aware of the potential pitfalls identified through some failures.
In addition, Ms Pamela Lim also constantly provided her own perspective with regards to certain topic that we were discussing, which helps us to understand by complementing a much more realistic and pragmatic approach with theory-based textbook. It really will help many of us to make fewer mistakes should we launch our own businesses later on, because the sharing is based on her valuable experience and much wider knowledge pool. For example, without her advice, most of us would probably believe filing for patent is the most beautiful thing in the world, until Ms Lim brought the case of an IP lawsuit on foldable fire ladder to disillusion our wishful thinking.
Also, I like the way Ms Pamela Lim structured her lesson. The in-class presentation provides a very useful platform for peer learning, in which we not only gets to know new things, but also deepens understanding of relevant theories. And I like the way Ms Lim interacted with students and acknowledged their answers, from which she managed to deepen our understanding or attempted to provoke new thinking.
Lastly, I also want to thank MS Lim for making such a valuable and memorial TWC journey possible. Although our TWC class ends up here, many takeaways would carry us forward in a lifetime.

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TWC- 2012/2013 Term 2- Chan Xueman, Sandy

by Sandy Chan
(Singapore)


It has been a wonderful 13 weeks with TWC. Before taking TWC, I anticipated it to be a largely theoretical-based course about technology and innovation. Technology does indeed play an important role in our lives as seen from the reliance we have on the various tech-savvy appliances such as smartphones and laptops. Despite knowing the importance of this course, I was also worried that it would be quite boring as I expected it to be focusing only on theories.

Fortunately, TWC was not a boring course at all! In fact, it was a really interesting course filled with hands-on experience. Not only do we get to learn about the theories on technology and innovation, such as how to come up with an innovation, how to manage it with the use of IP laws and how technology leads to innovations; we also get to do our own research and share our findings with the class during our weekly in-class presentations. TWC had broadened my perspective on technology and innovation. I used to think that inventions and innovations are interchangeable terms. It was after taking TWC that I realised how narrow-minded I was and that there are actually many process that goes beyond an invention before it becomes an innovation. TWC also helped me better understand how to come up with a better innovation through the theories of innovation, sources of innovation and the process of innovation.

Lessons were never dull as we get to be involved in group discussions and hands-on activities such as research while preparing for the weekly in-class presentations. In-class presentation was something I had never come across in my other courses. Initially, I thought it would be something very difficult to prepare for, however Professor Pamela never fails to make the concepts easily understandable which gave us a clearer idea of how to prepare for the presentations. The in-class presentations gave me a wonderful opportunity to learn from my course mates through their findings on the different topics. That helped me in understanding the different chapters better with the elaboration from the in-class presentations which were related to what we covered in class weekly. Something I learnt from Professor Pamela from the in-class presentation was to always remain open-minded to different ideas, especially during one of our in-class presentations where we took the stand that UFO does exist.

One of the objectives that I hoped to achieve at the end of TWC was to better understand the concepts covered in TWC and I believed I have already achieved that. I also hoped to hone my presentation and quick-thinking skills and the active class participation environment had certainly helped me in achieving them. I really liked how Professor Pamela facilitate the class participation in TWC and it had motivated me to speak up more often in class and it had influenced me to do the same for my other classes.

One of my greatest takeaway was from the guest seminar and case study. The technopreneurs were real life examples that showed me how technology played a part in their businesses and how they dealt with the obstacles they faced. They made me realised that failure is just part and parcel of life and we should not be afraid of them. I also learnt from them that it is only when we embrace our failures and persevere, we will then succeed.

Another wonderful takeaway was the new friendships I had fostered through my TWC journey. The TWC projects had brought me a new group of friends and taught me how to work well with people I was not familiar with. Despite not knowing each other before TWC, our group managed to collaborate well with each other and I am really fortunate to have made such a great bunch of friends! Lastly, I would like to thank Professor Pamela for making my TWC lessons so enjoyable and I have certainly benefited greatly from it!

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TWC-term1-Trinh Hiep Dang Khoa

by Khoa
(Singapore)

I have been enjoying this course until the end of the last lesson. The Problem-based learning environment feels so good. It would be quite boring if I only mentioned what I learnt from the text book because I still need to revise it for final exam anyway. Hence, in this journal, I would like to share more about what I have learnt and observed during 13 lessons.

The name of the module is technology and world change, however, I think it should be called technology changed the world. And I think that’s what I learnt throughout the course. One of the most important things I learnt from the lesson is to distinguish between innovation and invention which I have been always asked me before. And I finally found it in this course. It may superficial to somebody as the knowledge is taught in the first class of the course. But to me, it’s the core value that entrepreneur needs to understand and develop on ideas. The invention will be forgotten if it is not able to be commercialized in the market.

And the most interesting I have ever experience in TWC module is learning from the real experiences from the very reputable guest speakers are Nanz Chong, Patrick Liew, and Darren Ho. From only around 3 hours of a night, I learnt about journey through life of an entrepreneur. I learnt to be more courage from a lady, and a heart from two men. That night is so interesting because it may be the first time I saw a CEO kneel down to illustrate his speech. I liked it not because it’s funny, but because I learnt that in that CEO’s head, there wouldn’t be anything more important than making the students understand what he means love is. And from there on, I think passion is the most-driven factor for entrepreneurs, and not money like everyone think of. The CEO’s action make me think about Steve Jobs, the most model entrepreneurs I’ve ever seen, as both of them work for their passion and their love. Jobs make his hundred millions dollars in his 20s as he mentioned in one of his interview. However, money to him is not what makes him excited most.

Money may not be the most important, but when I came back to class. I learnt a more important message from my professor. Money is necessary to develop ideas to be successful. Although the fund is not the most important as money chased ideas and it’s not other ways around (Prof.Pamela Lim) But idea needs money to expand.
Personally, I think the most meaningful things I learnt in this course is not about the knowledge in the text book. But rather the experiences my professor shared during the lesson. And I think it’s really precious since she’s a successful entrepreneur with a very humble manner as I see in the class. I have taken away from the course a head to think for the future, and a heart for people and my passion.

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TWC-2012/13 Term 2 - Yeo Zhen Zhi (Zee)

by Zee
(Singapore)

awesome group!

awesome group!

This has indeed been a very hectic semester for me. However, there is always one lesson that I am always looking forward to will be TWC every Monday. Prof Pamela lessons never fail to make me look at technology at a different light. Before the class, technology to me is just a tool to make people life easier. It didn't come across to me that technology has a trend and that tapping on the correct part of the trend will lead to success in businesses.

Being a SIS students, this lesson certainly confirms the importance of Information Technology in our lives and how to leverage on Information Technology to lead to success in business. Indeed as suggested by the course name, technology world change. A small piece of technology that could bring about how people behave in the world. Take internet and smartphones for example, it is indeed something that in a way creates a "borderless" countries. You can simply talk to a friend on the other side of the globe just by using internet.

What shocks me about technology will probably be the lifespan of it. Technology has always have a limited time span. Just take a look how internet has progressed! From 56K to 256K to 512k and now we are surfing at like 100MBPS speed.

Next up, I love the problem based learning that Prof Pamela has implemented in the class. Every week, we will have interesting topics to research on. It really makes me see things very differently. What struck me the most will be the lesson whereby my group was tasked to research on Mermaids. It really got me thinking. Mermaids we all know are legends. But the problem is. Even though it does not have any physical evidence that it does not exists but that doesn't mean that it is not of any existence. It could be due to the limitation of technology to explore the deep waters to find out if mermaids exist. So the Science that was taught in school. How true are they? Are they totally trust-able? From all these problem-based learning, it has taught me to think about the things differently. Always have a skeptical attitude that question the facts of the problem.

Recall back, one of my favorite part of TWC will be the Cooking Portion. I didn't expect that I have not lost my touch after not cooking for quite sometime. It really kind of reignite my passion for cooking again. The lesson also taught me about how technology is involved in our everyday life that we are so dependent of technology at times to get things work.This will show how much technology has been entangled with our daily lives.

All work and no play make Jack a dull boy. Indeed, my whole TWC experience will end off with great accompaniment from my group mates.Even though the project groups are pre-assigned. I was very thankful to have such wonderful group mates that help one another to pull through the whole course. In addition, the group has been self-managed as there wasn't even any conflict that arise.

Lastly, I will like to thank prof pamela for making the whole TWC experience so fulfilling and engaging. From problem based learning to guest seminar. I have really learnt alot abide from the syllabus required. Great friendship bonds have been forged between the group mates. Once again, thank you so much for such a fulfilling TWC journey.

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TWC - 2012/13 Term2 - Liu Yining

by Liu Yining
(Singapore)

This is a special journey for me with TWC classes. I have never experienced such a lesson with full of laughter and joy. I still remember my first TWC lesson. I ran into the SR after my LTB lesson in the morning and I heard a tender voice “relax boy, don't be so panic”. Then I know that is Prof Pamela Lim. Honestly before my first lesson, I did not know nor expect anything much out of TWC. I felt it to be somewhat of a general knowledge course without much fun.

After two weeks, I realised the difference of this course with other core courses I have - you must learn from problems. The Problem Based Learning method is effective for us and she expect us to give questions and learn from problems in groups. I have to say that though I always be fear about class participation, this is a special class that makes me to want to share about my own opinions. Through weekly discussion and in-class presentations, everyone has the opportunity to speak up based on different topics. This really helps me with my presentation skills which is extremely essential in SMU. Furthermore, through research and discussion with group members, I can learn from my classmates and lesson to their different ideas about innovation. I enjoy the time to hear from them and achieve the learning objectives with them rather than have lectures only through slides alone. I think I really get a lot from this learning experience.

TWC is not just about technology, but more about Innovation and Entrepreneurship – creation of technologies. This course brings me with lots of information on the technology innovation in the world. During the past 14 weeks,I have learnt all the four forms of innovation, theories of innovation, process of innovation, innovation strategies, innovation policy and managing innovation. Only a part of the lesson is on teaching the content, much of the rest is telling us the application of such theories to real life. Every lesson was fruitful and refreshing as we learn a lot from each other's opinions. Like people say, we did not merely learn what to think, but more importantly, how to think.

Another thing I want to highlight is the guest seminar. The Guest Seminar was a particular enhoyable journey to me as it is the first time I can be so close to these successful entrepreneurs. Their experiences show me the life I have never experienced nor even thought of before. These life experiences are more important than any written theories or content learnt in textbook. I can say I obtained a lot from this organizing experience and I was really appreciate for Prof Pamela Lim giving us this great opportunity.

To the end, I really want to thank this fulfilling and interesting experience in this class. I would like to thank Prof Pamela, Zirong, my group mates and the entire class. Thanks, TWC!

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TWC-2012/13Term2- Meryl Lim

When I first got pre-assigned this course, I wondered “what is there to learn about technology?” Being blessed with 2 brothers, I never had to deal or set up anything that has to do with technology. From the configuration of my hand phone, to the setting up of wireless network in my computer, to even the printing of notes, my brothers will dutifully solve any technology issues for me. To be honest, I even contemplated asking my brother to sit in for my lessons because I thought it would be about the technicality of technology! - Something I don’t think I’m made for, haha!

However, as I started this course, I realise that the course was more than just about technology! The focus was also on Innovation and its technicality. Now, innovation, I wondered, “Something that so important that we often neglect!”

This course has exposed me to interesting frameworks and theories that gave me a holistic understanding of Innovation and how external factors have huge impacts on this process. However, this learning process for me was not a theoretical one. While a part of the lesson is dedicated to teaching the content, much of the rest is spent in the application of such theories to analyse real-life business situations through case studies and break-out sessions.

Unlike other courses where group work can be a chore mainly because it is SO hard to find common time slots to meet up and discuss, TWC maneuverer over this problem as we were allowed lesson time to discuss. These sessions were short but it was really effective and well-spent. With each group doing research on different topics or case studies, TWC lessons were always very fruitful as we learn a lot from each other’s research and opinions. We did not merely learn what to think but how to think.

Prof’s method of teaching was refreshing and different. She encourages us to question, think and be creative. Class part forces us to question and think, whereas presentations force us to think out of the box and also provides with information about technology through the research we do. By applying the concepts to real life examples which she discusses in class, this made lessons even more understandable and easier to take-away.

TWC was more entertaining than I anticipated and I have learnt a great deal through this mod. It was definitely a refreshing course, although our class started really early at 8.30am haha, but many things was learnt.
Thank you for sharing your valuable knowledge with us and great teaching methods prof! :)

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Charmaine Tan

My TWC Project Group and Prof :)

My TWC Project Group and Prof :)

My TWC Project Group and Prof :)
Interviewing Mr Patrick Liew

This TWC journey has been an enjoyable and memorable one. Initially, what I wanted to gain out of this course was simply the logic behind various aspects of innovation and how to be a more creative thinker. However, I am delighted to have taken away more than what I had initially hoped to achieve from this course. What I have gleaned from TWC under Professor Pamela Lim is something special not found in other courses I have taken – I have gained insight into the world of entrepreneurs.

The guest seminar, something unique to Prof’s TWC class, left a really huge impression on me. From Ms Nanz Chong, I learnt not to fear failures. Mr Patrick Liew taught me the importance of love and to use that as a compass to guide us in every aspect of our lives. From Mr Darren Ho, I learnt how to do only something that I truly believe in and the virtue of forgiveness. I do not think I will be an entrepreneur in the future. Nevertheless, all these lessons are applicable in whatever path I embark on in the future. It is applicable to me even today. Every single day is a conscious decision not to let little failures I experience in school consume me, a reminder to treat those around me with respect and concern and to strive hard to achieve my goals.

Another element of TWC unique to Prof Pamela’s class is the in-class presentations that we have during lesson. This departure from mere textbook answers is greatly welcomed as we are always required to think on our feet. The result is that we all learn from each other, and we are able to increase our knowledge drastically in such a short period of time. We are able to gather different perspectives on the same topic, and this is indeed reflective of the reality of life – not everything is either black or white; there is always a grey area.

From interviewing Mr Patrick Liew to the valuable lessons learnt from the life stories of Prof herself, TWC lessons are always interactive and fun. TWC under Prof Pamela has definitely changed me for the better.

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TWC - 2012/13Term2 - Keith Tan



Prior to the start of this semester, TWC was described as a "boring, useless and lame" module, by my peers who took TWC last semester. What made it worse was that my TWC lesson was conducted at 8.15AM on a MONDAY morning!

Nevertheless upon attending the first lesson, I left the class realising how fortunate I was to be in this class. I did not have to bid for this class like how some classmates did, and they had to bid quite an amount of e-dollars to get into the class. Next, I came to realise that Prof Pamela was a rather different professor and I was amazed by her achievements and felt honoured to be in her class.

The class activities were the next special point about the TWC classes. The one thing that this class was different was the weekly in-class presentation concept. Initially it caught be off-guard to be told that we had to break out for half an hour to discuss and prepare a short presentation on the topic for the day. With no prior knowledge or preparation, I felt that it was not possible to achieve something in such a short period of time. However, my team and I managed to produce contents to present to the class. It was fast paced and it required us to think fast and work fast. I was not very receptive to such a concept and dreaded attending the lesson. However through the weeks, we seemed to have gotten used to it and with assignment of roles, we managed to work even faster. In fact I started liking this as a challenge and enjoyed the anticipation of finding out what topic we were going to cover. Through this, we actually managed to cover nine topics and I personally presented twice in the in-class presentations.

In addition, we had a topic presentation and technopreneur presentation. These presentations actually allowed me to hone my presentation skills and as the saying goes, “the more you do it, the better you get”. It also allowed me to learn much more through those break-out sessions and through other classmates’ presentations as well.

Through the technopreneur presentation, we had a chance to interview Jun Kiat of TickTok, whom we had an enjoyable session where he shared his valuable thoughts and experiences to us. Talk about sharing, we also had a guest seminar. This was a whole new concept to me and I never had such an event before. We had the privilege to hear entrepreneurs like Nanz Chong, Patrick Liew and Darren Ho to share their stories and experiences with us. It was an eye opener for me to attend such a sharing session and I enjoyed it.
In the blink of an eye, this semester is over and the things I learnt during TWC will stay with me as I move on in my life. I am thankful to have my current teammates whom I feel are capable, fun and enjoyable to work with. Without them, I would not enjoy my TWC lessons and break-out sessions. I hope that if chance permits, we could work together in future projects as well.

To end it off, all I can say is, while thinking back of all the TWC lessons that I attended, I actually enjoyed them. Every lesson was a challenge and was interesting as well. If my juniors ever asked me how TWC was, I would still say TWC is kind of boring but TWC under Prof Pamela is seriously worth taking and that they would enjoy themselves.

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TWC- 2012/2013 Term 2- Chan Xueman, Sandy

by Sandy Chan
(Singapore)


It has been a wonderful 13 weeks with TWC. Before taking TWC, I anticipated it to be a largely theoretical-based course about technology and innovation. Technology does indeed play an important role in our lives as seen from the reliance we have on the various tech-savvy appliances such as smartphones and laptops. Despite knowing the importance of this course, I was also worried that it would be quite boring as I expected it to be focusing only on theories.

Fortunately, TWC was not a boring course at all! In fact, it was a really interesting course filled with hands-on experience. Not only do we get to learn about the theories on technology and innovation, such as how to come up with an innovation, how to manage it with the use of IP laws and how technology leads to innovations; we also get to do our own research and share our findings with the class during our weekly in-class presentations. TWC had broadened my perspective on technology and innovation. I used to think that inventions and innovations are interchangeable terms. It was after taking TWC that I realised how narrow-minded I was and that there are actually many process that goes beyond an invention before it becomes an innovation. TWC also helped me better understand how to come up with a better innovation through the theories of innovation, sources of innovation and the process of innovation.

Lessons were never dull as we get to be involved in group discussions and hands-on activities such as research while preparing for the weekly in-class presentations. In-class presentation was something I had never come across in my other courses. Initially, I thought it would be something very difficult to prepare for, however Professor Pamela never fails to make the concepts easily understandable which gave us a clearer idea of how to prepare for the presentations. The in-class presentations gave me a wonderful opportunity to learn from my course mates through their findings on the different topics. That helped me in understanding the different chapters better with the elaboration from the in-class presentations which were related to what we covered in class weekly. Something I learnt from Professor Pamela from the in-class presentation was to always remain open-minded to different ideas, especially during one of our in-class presentations where we took the stand that UFO does exist.

One of the objectives that I hoped to achieve at the end of TWC was to better understand the concepts covered in TWC and I believed I have already achieved that. I also hoped to hone my presentation and quick-thinking skills and the active class participation environment had certainly helped me in achieving them. I really liked how Professor Pamela facilitate the class participation in TWC and it had motivated me to speak up more often in class and it had influenced me to do the same for my other classes.

One of my greatest takeaway was from the guest seminar and case study. The technopreneurs were real life examples that showed me how technology played a part in their businesses and how they dealt with the obstacles they faced. They made me realised that failure is just part and parcel of life and we should not be afraid of them. I also learnt from them that it is only when we embrace our failures and persevere, we will then succeed.

Another wonderful takeaway was the new friendships I had fostered through my TWC journey. The TWC projects had brought me a new group of friends and taught me how to work well with people I was not familiar with. Despite not knowing each other before TWC, our group managed to collaborate well with each other and I am really fortunate to have made such a great bunch of friends! Lastly, I would like to thank Professor Pamela for making my TWC lessons so enjoyable and I have certainly benefited greatly from it!

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Woo Yun Zhen


13 weeks of lessons have just passed. It is a huge relief for some modules but honestly for Technology and World Change (TWC) module, it does not seem like I have been in this class for more than 3 months.

I remember the first lesson when I felt a little awkward sitting with new faces around me. After that, we had to go into our respective groups and the awkwardness just heightens because we do not know each other at that time. However, fortunately, things turn out better and TWC class was never one that I dread going for.

Initially, I thought that TWC will be another “fluff” module whereby we do not have to think much and can just breeze through easily. However, just a simple question “What is the difference between innovation and invention?” stumped me. This is when I realized I have no knowledge of such technical terms. As time passes, I get to learn more such as different kinds of innovation, the process of innovation, etc. In addition, Prof’s input of her personal experience helps to make lessons more interesting and interactive.

One aspect I like about Prof’s class would be the 5slides presentation by 2 members from each group with around 45 minutes to discuss and prepare. This trains us to be able to research within a limited time and present without the luxury of preparing a script. Also, through various presentations by different groups, I feel that I am able to learn more from what my peers are presenting.
I really appreciate the guest seminar that is exclusive to Prof’s classes. My group had the honour to invite Ms. Nanz Chong and hearing how she managed to pick herself up from failures and setbacks really inspired me. The experiences the other guest speakers shared were very insightful and enriching.

All in all, I am glad I have taken this module as I had the chance to learn outside the textbook and from many people – my peers (group members and classmates), Prof Lim and the guest speakers. Through group presentations and in-class presentations, I was able to forge friendships with my group members and gained experiences that the textbook cannot bring.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Jomain Lim

Our interview session conducted at HSR

Our interview session conducted at HSR

Since TWC is currently a university core, and it was pre-assigned, I came into class not knowing what to expect. Some of my friends who did this module in the previous semester told me that they didn't learn much from this module. However, I have this particular friend who took TWC under Prof Pamela Lim and he told me that he likes her teaching pedagogy. He told me that Prof Pamela only teaches for around 30-45 minutes each lesson, and the rest of the time will be allocated for students to do their in-class presentations. When I heard of it, I was dreading it because the thought of having to present every week and class participate regularly (because class participation marks were recorded) just stressed me out. But after I attended the first few lessons, I got to know how each lesson is conducted, and I actually enjoyed it! The in-class presentations didn't turn out to be that stressful after all. In fact, it was a good platform that has trained me to speak up. I also felt that it is because of these in-class presentation that allowed me to learn more because research had to be done just before the presentation. Learning is made effective this way. Because of the nature of this module, there is a need to stay relevant and updated with the trends. Hence, instead of having a seminar where the Prof just lectures us on the dry topics, Prof Pamela actually made it really interesting and engaging for us.

Other than just theories and knowledge learnt from the textbook, I have picked up valuable skills through the organization of guest seminar. It is my first time organizing such an event. It was pretty stressful in the beginning because my group was in charge of inviting the guest. We had to make sure that the guest could offer students valuable insights in technopreneurship. Emails had to be drafted and sent to different technopreneurs and we were worried that they wouldn't reply. When Mr Patrick Liew replied us, agreeing to be our guest speaker, we were so relieved and happy.

Other than getting a guest speaker, we also had to do a 3-minute video to introduce our guest speaker and a short write-up about him to be posted on this website. We then scheduled an interview session with Mr Liew and we conducted it in his HSR building. This is my first time doing an interview which needed to be taped. It was an interesting experience because things didn't go very smoothly during the video shooting. For example, halfway through the interview, our camera actually ran out of battery, and there was a point where the memory card was full as well. All these mistakes could have been prevented had we been more careful and detailed. We only focused on the interview questions and neglected these details. Thankfully, Mr Liew was so patient with us. Because of this unprofessionalism, it caught me thinking and reflecting on how we could have done things better.

The guest seminar itself would be the highlight of this course for me. From the other two guest speakers, I've also learnt a lot about how they started their businesses and how they failed but overcame it. They were once like us, clueless about how businesses are run, but they stepped out and were willing to take the risk. It was very inspirational and motivational.

Looking back, I'm quite amazed by how this course has impacted me. I started out with very little interest in technology and technopreneurship, but after this course, I'm now interested to know more. Overall, I have really enjoyed myself in this course.

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TWC-2012/13Term 2-Nguyen Huy Phuc

by Nguyen Huy Phuc
(Singapore)

The beloved class I longed to go to every morning

The beloved class I longed to go to every morning

TWC has come to me just like any core module. I expected it to be a bit dry. But going through the course, the way Prof carried out her lessons has totally changed my perspectives.
But first things first, the content in the textbook itself is very interesting. It shows clearly headed contents with clear guidelines. And the concepts are explained very clearly. And even if I get bored, the case studies are there to help me. The textbook is very clear in repeating the examples but under different concepts, I can understand and remember the case studies much better. The case studies help me apply the concepts directly to real-life examples. It also aids me in memorizing the dry concepts and appreciating the practical application of the concepts into life, even my life. I can go around and brainstorm how things around me actually evolve under these concepts. Thanks to what have been taught, I can come to see the underlying logical patterns behind technology and innovations, which I viewed as random and unplanned before.
The methodology that Prof Pamela used to conduct the class is a commendably effective way of teaching. She went through the concepts quickly, yet memorably. She let everyone read the concepts out loud. It may look childish but reading something aloud is a very good way to memorize lengthy definitions. And letting us go through those concepts quickly also leaves us more time to conduct an even more effective method of teaching. Medical school’s teaching pedagogy has been a highly effective way to enhance understanding of their students through application of concepts learnt in class into re-teaching or actually doing it. Similarly, in the break-out sessions, we need to explore on a topic by ourselves and then present to the class. We got a good 30 minutes to explore about the topic and at the same time, another better 2 minutes to teach the class what we have learnt. Teaching is actually a good way to study. Look at how good teachers are at their stuff. That is exactly because they have been teaching lessons over and over again. They master it. And Prof Pamela helped us exactly that way.
Furthermore, I am really satisfied with my class participation efforts in class. I did try to class part as much as possible. And thanks to Prof’s smart ways of letting everyone have a chance to class part, I got even better platform to fulfill my motivation to class part. I am motivated to improve on my oratory skills. And class participating also helps me memorize the concepts much faster.
TWC has been a really entertaining and enriching module. I am excited to get up every morning to come to class to learn something new, say something new, and bring back home something new.

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TWC-2012/13Term2 - Keith Tan




Prior to the start of this semester, TWC was described as a "boring, useless and lame" module, by my peers who took TWC last semester. What made it worse was that my TWC lesson was conducted at 8.15AM on a MONDAY morning!

Nevertheless upon attending the first lesson, I left the class realising how fortunate I was to be in this class. I did not have to bid for this class like how some classmates did, and they had to bid quite an amount of e-dollars to get into the class. Next, I came to realise that Prof Pamela was a rather different professor and I was amazed by her achievements and felt honoured to be in her class.

The class activities were the next special point about the TWC classes. The one thing that this class was different was the weekly in-class presentation concept. Initially it caught be off-guard to be told that we had to break out for half an hour to discuss and prepare a short presentation on the topic for the day. With no prior knowledge or preparation, I felt that it was not possible to achieve something in such a short period of time. However, my team and I managed to produce contents to present to the class. It was fast paced and it required us to think fast and work fast. I was not very receptive to such a concept and dreaded attending the lesson. However through the weeks, we seemed to have gotten used to it and with assignment of roles, we managed to work even faster. In fact I started liking this as a challenge and enjoyed the anticipation of finding out what topic we were going to cover. Through this, we actually managed to cover nine topics and I personally presented twice in the in-class presentations.

In addition, we had a topic presentation and technopreneur presentation. These presentations actually allowed me to hone my presentation skills and as the saying goes, “the more you do it, the better you get”. It also allowed me to learn much more through those break-out sessions and through other classmates’ presentations as well.

Through the technopreneur presentation, we had a chance to interview Jun Kiat of TickTok, whom we had an enjoyable session where he shared his valuable thoughts and experiences to us. Talk about sharing, we also had a guest seminar. This was a whole new concept to me and I never had such an event before. We had the privilege to hear entrepreneurs like Nanz Chong, Patrick Liew and Darren Ho to share their stories and experiences with us. It was an eye opener for me to attend such a sharing session and I enjoyed it.

In the blink of an eye, this semester is over and the things I learnt during TWC will stay with me as I move on in my life. I am thankful to have my current teammates whom I feel are capable, fun and enjoyable to work with. Without them, I would not enjoy my TWC lessons and break-out sessions. I hope that if chance permits, we could work together in future projects as well.

To end it off, all I can say is, while thinking back of all the TWC lessons that I attended, I actually enjoyed them. Every lesson was a challenge and was interesting as well. If my juniors ever asked me how TWC was, I would still say TWC is kind of boring but TWC under Prof Pamela is seriously worth taking and that they would enjoy themselves.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Teo Ser Lin



From what I remembered of Journal 1, the few goals which I set for myself for this course included speaking up more in class and not only learn from things to apply from this course into my life, also from my fellow teammates as well as Prof.

I am really glad to say that I have met those goals. To begin, Prof’s emphasis on making the class interactive and engaging has helped me to achieve this. By putting so much weightage on class part, it motivated me to speak up more and she also made it fun and not stressful for us to do speak up in-class. For example, the in-class research presentations covered many interesting topics such as the supernatural, legends and myths –mermaids, aliens etc –which made class more interesting for us to engage our thoughts with. Furthermore, during the break out sessions, it definitely gave our groups time to bond and work together, and actually get to know each other better during every lesson. Even though the break out sessions posed us with time constraints at times, I realized that through it our group learnt to generate ideas productively and work as a team efficiently. I was also able to learn from my teammates and exchange ideas regarding the topics. This is so much better than the usual 3-hour lectures that are boring and not interactive. After the first two lessons, I could already see the change in our group dynamics and how we learnt to be more efficient and have time to eat as well! :) With Prof teaching with the problem-based learning method, she has definitely enhanced my learning experience and made it very fruitful.

Another aspect of Prof’s class which I enjoyed was definitely the Guest Seminar. One thing about TWC was that, before I attended Prof’s class, most people told me how this course was slightly dry and technical, and perhaps even unrelated to our lives in the future. Similarly, I thought so as well, with the preconceived thinking of “how interesting or important can technology be”. However, after going through TWC under Prof Lim’s teaching, I beg to differ. I have learnt many things which were out of the textbook even in class, as mentioned earlier during break out sessions, as well as class discussions and prof’s input on the syllabus materials, which I would never have thought would be discussed in a TWC class. On the same note, I did not think that I would have so much fun actually doing a project which accounted for so much of my grade as well. My group chose to handle the Guest Seminar and I must say that I am really glad we did. It gave me an opportunity to meet Mr Darren Ho, the CEO of AzVox and through the interview session with him, I have certainly taken away many important life lessons and perspectives from him.

Overall, I really appreciate and enjoyed Prof’s method of teaching, sharing with us her personal experiences as an entrepreneur and giving us exposure and lessons, which we cannot get simply from reading the textbook and I think that this is what University should be about as well. Things such as to not take everything at face value, to be down-to-earth and humble in life and in being an entrepreneur are some of Prof’s advice for us which I remember. I had a fun and fruitful learning journey taking TWC under Prof Pam and would remember this when looking back in my SMU days when I graduate!

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Johnathan Lau Jia Hui

by Johnathan Lau
(Singapore)

I still remembered arriving for the first lesson of TWC, thinking of what things can I learn from this module.

The first lesson was quite memorable as I was asked for my resolution for 2013, and was introduced to Professor Pamela, where her teaching style differs from other classes. Other than learning from the textbook, I took away entrepreneur experiences and advises from Professor Pamela which is what I really want to learn from this module.

Also, I learn to prepare for presentation in every lesson in a given time frame, teaching us on how to prepare presentation slides faster and improving our presentation skills. The topics for presentation can range from finding out if the company has breach any copyright law to finding out if aliens exists. This make the lesson a whole lot interesting.

With the additional seminar conducted, I learn more things about entrepreneurship. Besides on learning how technology can impact the business world and how to identify the trends for it, it is also a people thing. When I mentioned about the people thing, I mean that we must treat everyone we work with respect. Cause the way you treat them will be the way you get treated back.

With the skills of identify technology trends and how it affects the world and society, plus some of the additional skills of entrepreneurship through the seminar and Professor Pamela's classes, TWC has been a fruitful journey for me and I have to thank her for making the textbook not boring to read as I learn more from her teaching than the textbook itself.

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TWC - Term2 (2012/2013) - Song Wanning





Reading my journal 1 again, I feel most glad that I have met all the objectives that I have set for myself at the start of the semester. Basically, some of these objectives are: To have a good understanding of how technological innovations are created and incorporated into objects, to know how technology has changed and affects the lives of people and society, to understand the theories behind technological processes, to enhance my ability to work within time constraints, and improve team building and communication skills.

However, I am happy to say that I have actually gained much more than the above mentioned objectives. I have gained great insights from the real life experiences shared by Professor and the guests during the guest seminar. I see the importance of technology in our daily lives and thus realize the significance of having technical entrepreneurs in today’s world. In this ever-changing world that we live in, technology advancement becomes very important. We need to educate the public on the importance of technology and encourage young entrepreneurs in the market who have creative innovation ideas to step up and execute their plans. We need these technical entrepreneurs to change our lives for the better.

Apart from the knowledge that I have gained throughout the 13 weeks, I personally enjoy attending TWC lessons as I feel that it is more than just a pre-assigned module that every one ought to study. In fact, I look forward to every class as I do not feel stressful like how I do for other modules. I like the sharing and interactions we have in the class as it creates a positive learning atmosphere. I feel that I can learn better in a non-stressful environment.

I like the way Professor Pamela Lim teaches her classes by using problem-based learning teaching method. For every lesson, we will have a weekly group, followed by break out sessions and finally prof’s teaching to the class. I feel that in this way, our students’ energy span is spread over the 3 hours of lesson. I specially enjoy the interactions with my group mates during break out sessions as it gives me the opportunity to work together with my team members within a limited time. These presentations had given me a chance to present more often and learnt to become a better speaker. I feel more comfortable and less nervous when presenting in front of my professors and classmates now.

I would like to thank every one (group mates, class mates & TA Zhirong) especially Professor Pamela for putting in the effort to make the course an enjoyable journey for me this term. I have learnt so much and I truly admire Professor Pamela for being such a successful technical entrepreneur, venture capitalist, professor and mother! I am most glad and thankful to be given the chance to learn from her.

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TWC-2012/13 Term 2 - Yeo Zhen Zhi (Zee)

by Zee
(Singapore)

awesome group!

awesome group!

This semester has indeed been a very hectic semester for me. However, there is always one lesson that I am always looking forward to will be TWC every Monday. Prof Pamela lessons never fail to make me look at technology at a different light. Before the class, technology to me is just a tool to make people life easier. It didn't come across to me that technology has a trend and that tapping on the correct part of the trend will lead to success in businesses.

Being a SIS students, this lesson certainly confirms the importance of Information Technology in our lives and how to leverage on Information Technology to lead to success in business. Indeed as suggested by the course name, technology world change. A small piece of technology that could bring about how people behave in the world. Take internet and smartphones for example, it is indeed something that in a way creates a "borderless" countries. You can simply talk to a friend on the other side of the globe just by using internet.

What shocks me about technology will probably be the lifespan of it. Technology has always have a limited time span. Just take a look how internet has progressed! From 56K to 256K to 512k and now we are surfing at like 100MBPS speed.

Next up, I love the problem based learning that Prof Pamela has implemented in the class. Every week, we will have interesting topics to research on. It really makes me see things very differently. What struck me the most will be the lesson whereby my group was tasked to research on Mermaids. It really got me thinking. Mermaids we all know are legends. But the problem is. Even though it does not have any physical evidence that it does not exists but that doesn't mean that it is not of any existence. It could be due to the limitation of technology to explore the deep waters to find out if mermaids exist. So the Science that was taught in school. How true are they? Are they totally trust-able? From all these problem-based learning, it has taught me to think about the things differently. Always have a skeptical attitude that question the facts of the problem.

Recall back, one of my favorite part of TWC will be the Cooking Portion. I didn't expect that I have not lost my touch after not cooking for quite sometime. It really kind of reignite my passion for cooking again. The lesson also taught me about how technology is involved in our everyday life that we are so dependent of technology at times to get things work.This will show how much technology has been entangled with our daily lives.

All work and no play make Jack a dull boy. Indeed, my whole TWC experience will end off with great accompaniment from my group mates.Even though the project groups are pre-assigned. I was very thankful to have such wonderful group mates that help one another to pull through the whole course. In addition, the group has been self-managed as there wasn't even any conflict that arise.

Lastly, I will like to thank prof pamela for making the whole TWC experience so fulfilling and engaging. From problem based learning to guest seminar. I have really learnt alot abide from the syllabus required. Great friendship bonds have been forged between the group mates. Once again, thank you so much for such a fulfilling TWC journey.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Chua Min Xuan

by Chua Min Xuan
(Singapore)

Through TWC, I have not only realized my objectives for the course but I had also picked up and learn many valuable skills and traits. At first, I though this course was only about technology and would be very mundane but I was so wrong. Other than the technology and some innovation knowledge from the textbook, I had developed many soft skills in this course. The problem-based learning in class was really helpful. It forces students to work smart within the time limit to come up with the presentation. As such, we are able to harness our research skills as well as the presentation skills. On top of that, it had also broadened our knowledge and perspective with regards to many topics such as technology, infringement of intellectual property rights and entrepreneurship etc. These weekly break-out case-study presentations allow us to apply theories we had learnt during lessons to analyze businesses and situations in the real world. Also, through other groups’ presentation, I had also picked up on many valuable insights from my peers.

TWC has exposed me to various interesting topics and theories regarding to not only technology but also on innovation and entrepreneurship. I had also understood how external factors can impact on the innovation and entrepreneurship process as well as the challenges entrepreneurs face and how they overcome these obstacles.

The guest seminar was indeed the highlight of the course as it provided many powerful and valuable insights from distinguished entrepreneurs. Through their real life experiences, I was able to better comprehend the hardship that entrepreneurs have to go through as well as what it really meant to be an entrepreneur. It is about how you can influence and help people and not just yourself. These insights gave me a clearer picture of the aspect of business and entrepreneurship which never cross my mind. The speakers emphasized on how we have to love the people who work for us, how we have to behave as a human and to be there to support our employees when we need them.

Lastly, a big thank you to Prof Pamela for her wonderful insights and guidance in class. Her teaching style was interactive and had made the lessons more interesting. I would also like to thank my group mates for this course a fulfilling one.

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TWC - 2012/13 Term2 - Daryl Lieu

When I first saw this course, I thought it was just another fluff module that I had to take. However, after going through the course, I have truly learnt alot and enjoyed myself at the same time. I do not know whether it was because of Professor Pamela Lim or not but she was definitely a key factor in making this course enjoyable and interesting. Truthfully, the textbook was very dry but prof did really well in making sure that although she went through the textbook chapters, she also made the course more interesting by 1) giving us these 'break out sessions' every week for us to research on more interesting topics related to TWC and entrepreneurship which at the same time allowed us to bond with our groupmates and 2)giving us interesting projects to work on. Such examples would include choosing a cooking apparatus and talking about the technology behind it and its uses. We actually cooked in class for the demonstration. Another would be inviting a guest speaker for the entrepreneurship talk which was, I feel, the most enriching part of the course.

To be honest, I really don't think anyone is still reading this and I can't really remember what the objectives I had set up for myself in the beginning of the course were. However, this course has benefited and taught me so much more than what I could have ever imagined when I first bid for the course. I learnt alot about entrepreneurship. Since prof was an entrepreneur herself, she had a lot of valuable insights about starting and running a business to share with us. She also always made me realise that although our businesses or careers are important, we should not lose track of what's most important to us, like family and friends. Although I learnt alot from prof, this course has also taught me many things.

One of the many things I took from this course was that we have to keep adapting to the changing technology because technology is only going to keep getting more and more advanced. After learning about the technology S-curve and the Kondratiev's 50 year cycle, I realised that there will always be new innovations coming out and if we refuse to keep learning and adapting, we will surely get left behind. As Darren Ho said during the guest seminar, all business are technology business. There is no form of business which doesnt rely on technology. If we can't learn to adapt and integrate the new technology into our business, we will definitely lose out.

This course has truly been an enjoyable one and I have gained many valuable insights about entrepreneurship from professor Pamela Lim and the guests who spoke at the seminar. I feel that this is what university courses should be like. Imparting practical knowledge that us students can apply to our lives rather than just textbook stuff to get us to score in our tests. I am confident that the other students have benefited as much as me from this course and I just want to say that this has been the most beneficial course for me thus far.

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TWC - 2012/2013 Term 2 - Nicole Ng

At the beginning, I expected TWC to be a dry and heavy mod. I didn’t understand much about technology and so I expected this mod to be a boring one. However, it turned out that there was a lot that I could learn from. Other than learning the history of technology and how the world is shaped with the advancement of technology, I also learnt much about entrepreneurship. This mod has taught me that there is more than just technology advancement. We also need to learn how to make use of technology and to exploit it.

Prof’s method of teaching was refreshing and different. She encourages us to question, think and be creative. Class part forces us to question and think, whereas presentations force us to think out of the box and also provides with information about technology through the research we do. While she did go through the concepts quickly, she helped us absorb a lot of the information through subtle ways, such as getting us to read up on our own for our presentations and by applying the concepts to real life examples which she discusses in class. She even conducted a guest seminar on her own and it was enlightening. It has shown me the good and bad sides of being an entrepreneur. It also proved that there is more to life than just our successes and achievements. It is our journey that makes us who we are and it is the characteristics we gain through this journey that defines us. It is through our failures that we learn and would eventually succeed as long as we persevere. It also showed me that we cannot neglect the people we have around us and that we have to learn to appreciate them.

One of the objectives that I set for myself was to take part in class participation more often. And I believe that this mod has helped me to achieve that. Slowly but surely, I gained more courage to speak up more often in class. I even volunteered for in class presentations. Through this mod, I saw that class part was not as daunting as I deemed it to be, and that as I slowly get the hand of speaking up in class, it becomes easier for me to do so. Another objective of mine was to bring my laptop to class every lesson. And that I did. Previously, during first sem, I tried to minimise the number of times that I brought my laptop to school because I hated to have to carry it around. This sem, for the sake of this mod, I managed to bring it for every lesson and contributed to doing research for in class presentations. Through this action, I also began to realise that carrying my laptop to school was no longer as tiring as it was before.

TWC was more entertaining than I anticipated and I have learnt a great deal through this mod. It was definitely an eye opener.

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TWC- 2012/13 Term2 -Goh Shu Yi Clarissa

by Clarissa Goh

The last lesson. One more lesson and we're done! That was what ran through my mind when I headed for the last lesson on Monday (oh God Monday…) morning. I couldn’t wait for the class to be over before it even started- the thought of not having to wake up on Monday mornings anymore was really rather exhilarating. Not that I dislike the class mind you- it really is quite the opposite but waking up in the morning proves to be challenging.

As the end of the lesson approached, I realised that I wasn’t eagerly awaiting for it anymore. Instead, I was starting to hope that it WOULDN’T end. It dawned on me that not only had the course piqued my curiosity in technology and its usefulness, it exceeded my objectives by equipping us with methodologies to create and monetize innovations which would prove to be very useful in the future.

However, it was not what we learnt from the course material that was most valuable; it was the wealth of experience that Prof Lim brought with her that made the class that much more interesting. They were mostly intangible learning points like being open to anything was one of my favourites as it shows the infinite potential and possibilities of technology to change the way we live and play, and that it is only limited by what the mind can conceive.

More importantly, I learnt the spirit of entrepreneurship- a certain kind of confidence and courage to turn your ideas into reality, and the perseverance to see it through. The lessons and stories in class have gone far beyond that of the textbook, beyond that of technology and strips all of it down to a few simple words- curiosity, heart, courage, perseverance and conscientiousness, all of which a successful business venture cannot do without.

Perhaps the most important thing that I learnt is that if one should become a successful entrepreneur, we should always, always give back such as what Prof Lim and the entrepreneurs at the guest seminars have done by sharing their valuable experiences that could inspire the next generation of entrepreneurs.

Eventually and unknowingly, the end of the last lesson became a rather melancholic moment when it finally arrived, as there was so much more that I wanted to hear and learn about that thirteen weeks was simply not enough, and that I learnt much than I had expected.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2- Lau Sze Leng Serene

Thank You, Prof Pamela, indeed!

Thank You, Prof Pamela, indeed!

Having read much about how technology has significantly changed the way we lived over the past century and will continue to do so, one of my objectives is to enhance my ability to analyze and appreciate the evolution of technology. As with every other University Core modules, I was also looking forward for this course to broaden my learning experience and sharpen my practical skills. On hindsight, TWC has offered me a multi-faceted experience, giving me more than I had expected.

TWC was more than just about technology, but about Innovation and Entrepreneurship – creation of technologies which adds value to our society. This course has exposed me to interesting frameworks and theories that gave me a holistic understanding of Innovation and how external factors have huge impacts on this process. However, this learning process for me was not a theoretical one. While a part of the lesson is dedicated to teaching the content, much of the rest is spent in the application of such theories to analyse real-life business situations through case studies and break-out sessions. With each group doing research on different topics or case studies, TWC lessons were always very fruitful as we learn a lot from each other’s research and opinions. We did not merely learn what to think but how to think.

The flexibility in Prof Pamela’s approach in teaching had made the learning experience more interesting and honed my “soft” skills. Weekly break-out sessions gave us opportunities to work with team members to present within a short span of time. This was a breath of fresh air as compared to usual presentations in which we had a lot more time to research and prepare. More importantly, it stimulated my group to know more about one another in order to leverage on our different strengths within such a tight time limit.

The past 14 weeks of TWC, I have also gained many meaningful insights and lessons from several distinguished technopreneurs. From Prof Pamela’s sharing of her personal anecdotes and entrepreneurship experience, and the Guest Seminar held in week 11, their words of wisdom greatly inspired me to not just learn about innovation/ entrepreneurship passively, but to take on an action-oriented attitude. Indeed, notions like “there is nothing that cannot be learnt” and “I’ve failed, so what?”, though seemingly tacky to most, are important aspects to entrepreneurship that not many possess.

The Guest Seminar was a highlight in my entrepreneurship journey as it highlighted to me an aspect of business and entrepreneurship that I have never thought of – it was about loving the people who work with you, work for you, and the community as a whole. On top of all the theories and content learnt in the course, the guest seminar exposed me to the “human” part of a successful innovator. Also, it was through the case study coursework that gave me my first experience of interacting and interviewing an entrepreneur. Through the entrepreneur my group interviewed, Jun Kiat from TickTok, it brought to our group that while every innovation starts with an idea, the hardest part of innovation is the execution. The interview with Jun Kiat, his nuggets of wisdom, sincerity and life lessons, was a very memorable experience.

With all these said, I have had a fulfilling and fun experience in this class and for that, I would like to thank Prof Pamela, Zirong, my group mates and the entire class.

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TWC-2012/13 Term 2 Nicolette Oon

I’ve definitely learnt a lot from the course. Surprisingly, despite all the talk about TWC being a fluff module, there is content and substance to the module. It’s interesting to actually see the thought and theory behind technological changes. It is not merely made up of arbitrary leaps in development based on eureka moments.

At the start of the term, I indicated that my objective was to learn more about technology in relation to global change, to entrepreneurship and to myself. I’ve definitely widened my horizons in these aspects and more-so yes, I’ve met my objectives without a doubt.

For instance, learning how technology develops and evolves definitely quirked the interest of my inner history geek. Examining developments and its ilk from the very beginning-such as the innovation of paper to airplanes, is exciting. It really allows me to understand how peoples’ lives have evolved and been changed as a result of innovation. It allows me to understand how these innovations are even formed. It reflects the foundation of human ingenuity and development-we draw upon disparate influences but we constantly learn from our past to create our present.

Learning about technological changes definitely keeps me updated with economic and business trends. For instance, the booming market in 3D-printers, the latest mobile phone developments and how all this changes the way commercial transactions and industries work.

Also, I learnt about the expansion of technopreneurship in Singapore. Organising and participating in the seminar also allowed me to understand the local technopreneur scene far better by listening to the speakers’ first hand experiences. The case studies in class also brought local entrepreneurs to the forefront.

Beyond the content of the module, I’ve learnt many other valuable lessons and skills. The weekly presentations refined my ability to work other pressure with a tight deadline. TWC class has also allowed me to engage in public speaking-without a script, no less! This is a vital skill that I really needed to hone because I want to be a litigator, so I’m very appreciative of that. Being part of the organizing team (for logistics) I have also gained a greater appreciation for others who pull off such events with ease. My group and I worked hard and planned ahead to hold down the fort (in terms of logistics, at least). This has given me valuable experience in terms of organizing events.

I’m no entrepreneur. Taking into account my course of study, I have never considered the route of entrepreneurship. I’m honestly too boring for that. Yet with the exposure I’ve gained through this module, I have gained a healthier appreciation for the trials that entrepreneurs face, particularly with IP rights and the costs of legal action. This has served to allow me to understand the business context so hopefully I’ll be a better law student (with a better understanding of commercial life)-and a lawyer someday!

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TWC - 2012-2013 Term 2 - Li Kun Hang

Goal 1: To learn more about IP law, competition law and value-add to law curriculum
I had wanted to learn more about IP laws, and hoped to gain an understanding of technology that would make me better equipped to practise IP law (over peers from other law schools who have not taken such a module).
Since I have not taken any course on IP law, it is admittedly difficult to assess whether my improved understanding on technology and how entrepreneurs/companies perceive intellectual property is helpful. While the course had not covered as much of IP law as I would have liked (but of course, I understand that would probably be very boring for the other students and may well reduce the size of my ricebowl ;) haha), it was enough to peak my interest. Actually, not just IP law but it has furthered my interest in competition law.
Goal 2: Class participation
I managed to stick to my goal of achieving 4/4 class participation marks in all but 1 seminar. Regretfully, there was twice I posted questions to the presentation groups, that I would not have posted had I been less tied up by this goal. These 2 questions could have been more carefully structured for better clarity and to be less misleading. I felt quite bad after these 2 occasions, so for subsequent seminars, I made it a point to do my readings prior to the seminar and have at least some semblance of potential questions I could post. Still, I could have been more diligent with noting the agenda for classes; I errantly thought that there would be presentations in week 13 and had thus, saved 2 questions to ask the presentation groups.
Goal 3: Familiarise with technology and develop a life-long interest for it
I wanted to keep up w tech to better take care of my parents/ future, if any,kids. Actually, I was quite glad when all the discussions on Apple/Samsung tapered off after week 2 :D Hehe. The course wasn’t as technology-intensive as I imagined it to be. I have not achieved my objective of becoming more familiar with technology. But fortunately for my parents and any future children, technology is no longer all that boring to me! Haha! I’ve come to see that technology/gadgets aren’t simply brainchildren of smart people in labs – smart people that I probably wouldn’t ever be able to relate to and thus, presumably not their brainchildren either. Thank goodness for the necessary commercialisation component of innovation and the non-technology push methods which make it necessary for innovators to make products that the market can appreciate and handle. Haha!
And it is very charming, that a solitary product that I view with such disdain (eg Samsung galaxy or its advertisement) or apathy (eg dual cyclone vacuum cleaner), are products of a dynamic team’s efforts over multi-disciplinary activities that form the innovation process.
The most impressionable takeaways are not actually on IP law, or technology.
Non-Goal: Teamwork
I have learned a lot from the group projects. This is surprisingly not a rhetoric, but I would suppose it is apt since this course probably has the most group-intensive assessment method.
I’ve never had such a diverse team, in terms of the attitude and method by which the individuals work. Hence, it was a challenge to discuss in a productive way ie engage everyone and make it conducive for all to be contributive. It was such an intricate balance of pace, atmosphere and method (eg directing questions at specific individuals); the balance was rarely achieved. In hindsight, I think this could have been alleviated by setting out clear objectives for meetings such as making it absolutely crystal that meeting for a rehearsal meant looking out for coherency and flow as a group, rather than each rehearsing their own script while other group mates are ‘presenting’. I suppose it didn’t help that I, not having a smartphone, was not contactable via Whatsapp. Even though I was highly responsive through email, it appeared that email was just simply not the communication medium for some groupmates. This led to notable friction when important notifications (eg not being able to come for meetings due to school talks) being overlooked.
Non-Goal: Attitude
My most precious takeaway has been written to death in Journal 2. The reminder on why we do things – to show love to others – was a timely reminder in the grind of miscommunication with group members, internship applications, looming job applications, mid-terms, etc. It provided a fresh perspective as to why we are studying, what we are studying for. Though not necessarily relieving in the sense that wanting to love others means ensuring that you are sufficiently well-equipped to do so (ie studying harder), it made studying much more purposeful.
Conclusion
All in all, I think my TWC has been a mini-exodus and thankfully, I’ve wandered my way to some sort of promise land. It has been a journey into an unknown land in which was much toil and angst, some of which were unnecessary (ie could have been avoided through better attitude) but many of which were necessary for training and improvement.
I now stand at the gates of TWC-graduation and looking back, I am able to smile and honestly say that it has been a meaningful journey. It was not what I’ve expected (given the scarring experience of other uni-core modules like Creative Thinking and BGS), and I’m thankful for the interventions (a Prof who actually knows what she’s teaching, has an effective teaching method and a talk that reigned in my wayward attitude).
Thank you, Prof. You’ve been a blessing 

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-WEE JINGYAN

Looking back on hindsight on the three main objectives that I have set up for myself at the beginning of the course, I feel that it is arguably hard to determine whether I have accomplished them all. However, I will try to my best effort to justify that I had done myself justice in the following journal entry.

My first objective is to have a deeper understanding on how technology has progressed, changed and influenced society and business. For this objective, I felt that I have gained an insight on the different types of innovations and technological processes that firms tend to partake in. I am also able to theorize innovation cycles and such knowledge enable me to know which technological stage a product is in and therefore make better management decisions. Also, I learnt about the different types of protection whether through legal or personal means that we could employ to protect our interests.

The second objective I had was to develop a keener sense of analytical skills with regards to gathering and analyzing information. In my opinion, I think I have achieved this objective through the regular in class projects and class participation. Both avenues gave me a platform and a voice to give input. As most of the in class presentations are usually topics that are outside of the textbook, we had to spend some time seething out the correct data and information that we want to present. Sometimes, the information on the Internet may not be that reliable or even incorrect and hence it is when prudence and analytical skills come into play. Moreover, with much information at hand, the ability to synthesis all of them and to come up with solid and sound arguments was another takeaway.

The last objective that I set for myself was to integrate the knowledge that I learnt in TWC with the other academic modules that I take in the present or future. I believe that this objective was also achieved. I believe that the general knowledge that I have gained in the past following weeks will be useful in the courses that I take in the future.

However, I felt that the biggest takeaway in the whole module was the overall class experience for TWC. TWC is really the one class that I look forward to every week because I know that the lesson is going to be entertaining and not boring. Class participation is an active part of the classroom experience. We were vocal yet sometimes too aggressive in trying to gain class participation points, but it provided much life to the class. The weekly in class presentations also allowed every group to present to us general knowledge that was outside yet related to the syllabus. Also, the graded presentations were made more relevant by bringing in industries and companies. My group presented on Nike and Facebook, and we took the class deeper into the business dynamics of both companies. This experience gave us the ability to apply the theory to the practical stage of analyzing a real business. We also had groups that took the extra effort by including skits and stories in their presentation that made presentations less tedious to listen to but we also had our fair share of class jokers who brought much laughter in our class.

The highlight of this course was definitely the guest speaker seminar. As one of the guest speaker teams, I felt that interviewing a successful entrepreneur was an eye-opener. We are able to get a first-hand insight into the business that they built. The soft and hard skills that we learn on the way will definitely come useful. Teamwork was of essence in this project as we were on a tight schedule and much was to be done; the interview, the video editing, the write-up, the liaising. Yet, completing the projecting was a huge relief and a sense of accomplishment. The guest speakers also brought much of their personal experiences into their speeches. Instead of espousing ideas that traditional entrepreneurial talks would usually give, they gave a more personal touch: talking about the soft side of business. One thing I took away was that every business was essentially a people business and that we must learn to love and give in order to learn and take. Overall, the guest seminar was truly an insight that not many other modules could offer the same thing.


To end off, I had a wonderful journey taking TWC under Professor Pamela Lim and also class G18. A really big thank to all of you.

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TWC-(2013 Yr 1 Term 2 G16)-Lan Ziming

Personally, I think I have not met the objectives I set up for myself at the beginning of the course. A lot of which were due to myself rather than the course.

However despite that, I got to learn about the various strategies of entrepreneur-ships, learning to look at issues with different models to force myself to look at an issue from different perspectives which I otherwise would not have thought of. It helps one to be a better thinker.

The problem based learning approach also reminds me of my time in Republic Polytechnic (2005-2008). An approach I enjoyed during my time back there. Although I personally preferred Republic Polytechnic PBL approach more than the style adopted in TWC class which I felt is too rushed, it is still good to see how the PBL model can be tweaked to suit the constraint of lesser hours.

Prof Pamela Lim also often challenges our thinking with controversial ideas which helps to remind me that I should not look at everything on face value and make my judgments straightaway.

Overall I feel that if I decided to be an entrepreneur next time, the content in this course will be valuable.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Ng Shi Qi

I’m glad to have TWC as one of our core modules in SMU. If it hadn't been so, I might not have taken this course and would not be aware of how innovations have been contributing significantly to my life. In the past, I had been taking innovations for granted. But through TWC, especially the guest seminar, I have learned to appreciate innovators who went through tough times to commercialize their inventions so that it reaches the society.

As I recall and refer to very my first journal, I had set out three objectives for this course. Firstly, it is to learn about innovations around me, especially those which have become part of my life. Secondly, I want to appreciate innovators together with their innovations, rather than to take them for granted. Last but not least, a long term goal which is to create or do something that serves to benefit our society. In a short evaluation of whether I met my objectives, I would think I have met my first two objectives, but not the last one since it is a long term goal. The following three paragraphs would focus on each of my objective.

Thirteen weeks ago, I knew little, almost nothing, about innovations; I never know there could be such huge distinction between inventions and innovations. But as we learn through the weeks, I realized that innovations are indeed closely linked with my life. Spectacles and shoes, such things which I am so used to wearing every day, are actually part of innovations. The small and simple items that I use almost every day, like pen and correction tape, are also part of innovations. Likewise for mobile phone and laptop, items which I cannot live without. And also, vehicles and elevators, these are the things which have brought great convenience to our lives. And the list goes on. TCW lessons and its textbook have brought numerous examples of innovations that have impacted our lives, and we learn more about these innovations together as we discuss and share our research in class.

As I learn about the process of innovation and the background scene before an innovation could be successfully brought into the market, I learn to appreciate innovators. It may be easy to invent something, but it would never be easy to ensure that the invention is successfully brought into the market and widely accepted by people. The entrepreneurs in the guest seminar described their failure, showing to us this process was never easy. Likewise for other entrepreneurs interviewed by some of the teams, they fail before succeeding. Although this process was never easy, to overcome all difficulties and eventually become successful is indeed satisfying and worthwhile. I truly respect and appreciate innovators/entrepreneurs as they are willing to fight through storms to bring out their idea and benefit our society. I appreciate them by knowing more about them, their innovation, and share it with my family and friends.

My last objective, as mentioned, is a long term goal which I really hope to achieve. To do so, I need to gain more hard knowledge and soft skills, learn from live examples, get a good coach, constantly reflect, and most importantly, have the right attitude and be willing to ‘fight’ instead of ‘flight’. Although TWC lessons have come to an end, I will continue in finding ways to fulfill my goal. :)

Last but not least, I would like to express gratitude to everyone who have been through these short yet meaningful thirteen weeks with me; Professor Pamela Lim, Beng How our helpful TA, my supportive group members and of course, all my classmates who made TWC an interactive and engaging class. With the cooking session, the drinks experiment, the guest seminar and the comical yet enriching presentations, it is a truly enjoyable journey. Hence, a big thank you to all who have made my TWC journey so enjoyable and wonderful!

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TWC-2012/13Term 2 - Petrina Phua

by Petrina Phua
(Singapore)

Group Photo!

Group Photo!

At the start of this term, I thought I would just be learning about how Technology has impacted the society and how it at brought about many changes into our lives. Throughout this course, many theories regarding technology was taught and I really learnt a lot. However, at the end of the course, I realized that the largest takeaway I had from this course is not the content but more on how to become a entrepreneur. Through the case study projects and guest seminar, I have experienced for myself how amazing the entrepreneurs are. I really admire them for their talent and for their courage, to take this special route and this risk that many people, including myself, are afraid of. I got really inspired, and it actually got be thinking of whether I would one day, take the same route as them! Also, it is because of such successful people around, there are many opportunities for people to showcase their talents and it is also helping our society to get more and more advanced. I'm really thankful for this course and I have really learnt a lot.

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TWC-2012/2013-Term2- Jerene Wong


When I first saw “Technology World Change” stated as one of the core modules, I asked myself if it is going to be a boring, theory-based module that will not add value to my learning journey. Out of curiosity, I went to ask my friends and brother about it. Most of them said it is a “fluff” module that is a waste of time; you won’t really learn anything from it. However, my brother, who took under Prof Pam shared something different. He shared with me about how it changed his perception on certain things and got to know more about entrepreneurship from successful entrepreneurs. I took his advice and bid for this class, and I didn’t regret my decision.

At the start of this course, I set two key objectives on what I want to learn and achieve. Firstly, I want to see a big picture and understand how technology has impacted the world with innovations and what inspired them to create it. Secondly, I have always wanted to become an entrepreneur, hence, I want to hear the stories of successful entrepreneurs and learn from them, understand what motivated them to become an entrepreneur. At the end of the course, I’m pleased to say that I have achieved those objectives and made friends in the process. Previously, I would just look at the product without thinking about the process, hardship and effort behind it. Now, when I come across a new innovation, I would ask myself who invented it, what inspired him to develop this product and what problems in the society he wants to address.

Prof Pam’s style of teaching motivates me to attend class every week. I don’t get bored or feel sleepy in class even without breaks. Every three hours session of TWC is a combination of lecture and in-class presentations, conducted in an interactive matter, which I find it engaging and allow me to grasp the concepts better. I remember the first lesson, she asked if any group would like to volunteer for the cooking demonstration. At first, I was wondering if there is an association between cooking and TWC. One group from my class volunteered to cook pancakes using an induction cooker and presented the technologies involved. There were other interesting activities such as guessing which is Pepsi and which is Coke in the last session. However, up till now, I still can’t tell the difference. Apart from that, I find the weekly presentations meaningful in adding value to my learning experience and able to gain knowledge at the same time through research. Sometimes, I am surprised at how all of us can present interesting insights to the class, despite the limited time given for us to do our research. It taught us how to be efficient and effective worker who is capable of presenting our findings to the class with no prior rehearsals or script.

As for class participation, I like the way it is conducted. For my other modules, sometimes, I am afraid to speak up as I don't feel comfortable in the class even when I have something to share. The online forum serves as a platform for people, like me, who are afraid to speak in class or those who didn’t have the chance to voice out their thoughts and opinions, to share their views and participate in the forum. At the same time, you get to learn from your fellow peers.

The highlight of this course is the guest seminar. I am grateful for the opportunity given to my group to invite and interview the former One.99 shop founder, Ms Nanz Chong. It was a rare opportunity to witness three successful entrepreneurs sharing their life experiences. I learnt that entrepreneurship is not an easy, smooth-sailing journey, but an arduous one where you are bound to face obstacles along the way. It may sound cool to be a founder or CEO of a company and run your own business, with the freedom to do anything you like. However, it doesn’t turn out to be as easy as we think it is. All of them have experienced setbacks, but they didn’t just give up but continue to think hard to find other opportunities. We must believe in ourselves that things will turn out fine, when there’s a will, there’s a way, so what if we fail?, we can always have a comeback. The true meaning of failure is when one stops trying after experiencing a setback.

In conclusion, I have learnt a lot from Prof Pam, my groupmates, and fellow classmates, who contributed and add value to my learning experience. As the saying goes, it’s not the destination, but the journey matters the most. It tells us that we should reflect on our learning process and think through what we have learnt along the way, instead of just chasing after the grade we desire.

To sum up, the TWC journey was an enriching and enjoyable experience for me. I am sure the knowledge that I gained over the past 13 weeks will last beyond that.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Sang Bo

by Sang Bo
(Singapore)

Before I took this course, I only thought TWC was aimed to tell us something about technology or natural science knowledge. However, now when I sit here and recall my experiences in this course, I really appreciate to have such amazing journey this term. I still remember my previous goals, which are focusing in class, cooperating well with group mates, and gain a different and comprehensive perspective about technology and its influence. Indeed, I think I have achieved these goals and have met my previous expectations. Of course, it is impossible to achieve these goals only by myself. I think the interactive and open class atmosphere, inspiring personal experiences provided by prof Pamela, and guest seminar or in-class case studies that I have never experienced before, have really made this course interesting and meaningful. I am glad that I have leant not only knowledge, but also skills from this amazing journey.

I have learnt that innovation is not just an invention from this course, while commercialization is very important. Before, I always thought innovation was just something to do with science. Once people got great ideas, they would succeed in this area. Therefore, I think this course has told me some basic knowledge related to technology. Also, in class prof let us search and discuss about some innovations’ background, from where I learnt the progress and requirements for innovations impressively and my horizon was also broaden. What’s more, I also learnt some basic knowledge such as types of innovation, different theories of innovation, or sources of innovation. I think this knowledge is useful because only if we understand it, can we have the chance to make our own innovations.

Besides gaining a new perspective from class content, I also learnt a lot of fresh ideas and knowledge by participating actively in forum page. Sometimes I need to search relevant websites or latest newspapers to find some new innovations or ideas. I think it’s always beneficial for us if we can share with others our thoughts freely. By posting my own comments or replying other people’s views, I think it is a great approach for me to study by learning things in daily life and applying it to the knowledge in textbook.

Furthermore, I gained a great opportunity to cooperate with teammates by helping organize the guest seminar. As for our own group, we mainly help do the decoration, facilitation or other preparations. I think it's also a great experience for me as it's the first time I truly know what the pre-seminar work is like. I think such cooperation with other group members is not the same with former discussions, it's actually a better way for us to communicate and know each other better. From this experience, I realize the importance of various skills used in future work. In modern society, especially for majors related to business, it's crucial for us to possess not only the knowledge, but also the soft skill. Not only I gained such skills as one of the organizer, but also it is a great opportunity for me to listen to entrepreneurs’ talk as I’ve found it both encouraging and instructive. Three guests are all successful entrepreneurs with persistent and inspiring spirits as well as easy-going and kind personalities, whom I respect and admire a lot. I still remember Ms. Chong’s words, “ I failed, so what”. It is true that trying and failing is better for us than never trying in our lives. We should learn how to overcome the failure. I found it quite important as everyone has great potential and we should not underestimate our own capabilities.

What’s more, my presentation skill is also enhanced thanks to the in-class presentation. I think it is a great idea to quickly search information and discuss with group mates, and then go on the stage to do a 5-minute-presentation. I think such exercise can truly enhance our oral presentation skill and also our work efficiency. I still remembered I was nervous and could not organize my words well at first, but gradually, I got used to it and gained more confidence.

Overall, I think this journey is truly an amazing one. I did not expect that I would gain so much knowledge and skills from this course, prof Pamela, as well as my awesome group mates. I really appreciate this precious experience☺

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TWC-2012/13 Term 2-Ong Kah Huan

Prior to the start of this module, the knowledge I had about technology was basically limited. When I knew I was pre-assigned TWC, I thought what I would take back from this would be simply to know more concepts about technology, since I expected it to be content-heavy and all. After the first few lessons, I saw that Prof. Pamela Lim’s teaching style was something different. It was more participative and independent learning. With that, my expectations for the course grew. Looking back, I feel that I have managed to achieve my objectives set at the beginning, if not more. I have learnt and researched more in-depth into innovations and how they came about. My knowledge of technology and its effects on our lives definitely grew with the various concepts and theories learnt in the textbook.

I am glad to have learnt beyond the content and syllabuses we are supposed to be taught in the lectures. Firstly, the in-group presentations every week whereby we split into our assigned groups to work on a specific topic and present to the class our findings was a valuable experience. This is as they were impromptu and we learnt to research and come up with ideas on the spot with just that little time given to us, it was more productive this way. Throughout the span of this term, I have researched as well as engaged in discussions on very interesting topics not taught in the textbook with my group mates and in addition, get to learn from the other groups as well. On top of this, we get a chance to hone our presentation skills and ability to think on our feet with these spontaneous presentations. Secondly, I also had the opportunity to learn and discover stuff such as rare innovations and interesting articles through another platform which is the website Prof had set up. We were encouraged to contribute there as part of class participation and indeed, this has induced many discussions. It was a good way to express our ideas and discoveries, especially for the quieter students. Thirdly, what I found most memorable was the guest seminar held just a while ago. I have learnt from the three guest speakers the values and qualities needed in a successful entrepreneur, and also that to set up a business out there in the working world is not just all about what we learn in the classroom. Together with the case study findings on technical entrepreneurs, I learnt that communication skills and how we nurture our relationships with people is an important factor, along with the others such as perseverance and integrity. All these are very useful when I enter into the workforce in the future.

Thus, what I took away from this module was not just the basic academic knowledge in the textbook, but also improved research skills as well as the valuable insights and personal experiences of Prof as well as the guest speakers, which are what we will never be able to learn from a textbook. Prof has definitely gone the extra mile to ensure we take away much more than just the requirements of the module and I would like to thank her for that.

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TWC G17-2012/2013-Term 2-Amala Balakrishner

Me with group mates (:

Me with group mates (:

Technology is all around us. In today’s day and age, everything involves the use of technology. We are so used to the presence of technology that many a time, I feel that I take technology for granted and am oblivious to the process of inventing something, amongst others.

The 3 main things that I hoped to learn from the course were:
1) How technology has and will continue changing the lives of people and society.

2) Learn more about famous inventors and their inspirations (e.g. the Steve Jobs and the Iphone)

3) To take inspiration from my environment and surroundings and try to be more creative

Lessons learnt:
1) After attending all the TWC lessons, I am more informed about the role technology plays in society as well as the different stages of innovation (recovery, prosperity, depression, recession). I have also learnt the impact of technology on the environment and the economy amongst others.

2) Learning about the different inventors and their inspirations was also informative. It was indeed enlightening to note that innovations can be categorised under various categories (i.e. product, process, service; radical, modular, architectural). These innovations are also reflected by several theories (i.e. Punctuated Equilibrium, Technology S Curve, Absorptive Capacity, Dominant Design). It was interesting to learn and understand these aspects of innovation and invention as it shed some light on the inspirations and the developments of technology.

In essence, to someone who was generally apathetic to technology (processes, innovations etc), the Technology and World Change module was an eye opener which has enlightened me on the many aspects of technology. I now take greater interest in the developments of technology and appreciate it more.

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TWC-2012/13Term2- TanWeiChong

My objective at the start of every course is always to learn as much from it (technical knowledge and most importantly, experiences) and not be so hung up on getting the grades as I believe the grades will follow if you really set yourself to learn but conversely is not true. Although, the grades may fall short of your expectation at times but I believe it can never be too far off if you have adopt an approach to learn with an open mind and we all should not be so affected by the trivial percentage points. A decent grade is good enough. One thing that I learn from economics is diminishing rate of return. The learning curve is somewhat like a s curve, the very start is slow but it gets steeper to a certain point where it will plateau and additional effort would not bring in as much benefits. Thus, why not spend the same amount of effort to acquire new skills and knowledge? And very often, those that are on the endless pursuit of obtaining high GPA are bounded and dare not take risks to explore the unexplored. There might be opportunities waiting for you but instead, they would follow the proven methods and become less creative as a result. I always believe higher risk reaps higher profit, and we all should take risk, calculated risk. It is ok even if we fail in the process but at least we know we have tried. And failure itself can be a source of motivation to spur you to continue and strive harder if you take it positively. It is a mindset. Failure is part and parcel of life that many of us are unable to accept, avoids and are ashamed of. But to me, if you have never failed, then you never really live as life is about taking chances and making decisions and to live with that. This is relevant is every aspects of our life, school, work and starting your own business. The very idea of starting a business is taking risk. If your life is a plateau without fluctuations, how exciting can it be?

I would usually set different goals for different subjects. TWC teaches us on how technology changes the world, innovation and most importantly, entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship is not something that can be taught easily or are transferable. There are many different factors that contribute to a successful business. One can share their secrets to success but that will not make you a successful entrepreneur even if you attempt to recreate as there are too many extraneous variables that are beyond our control. The same plan and idea will not work at different time. The differentiator is the identification of opportunities and how do you exploit them. From TWC, I learnt how to better identify opportunities by looking out at trends, I learnt that there are many organisations in Singapore that offer grants and funds for start-ups, I learnt the relevant knowledge that would aid me if I was to become a entrepreneur – patents, where can be my sources of income. I have learnt form the experiences of the various speakers of how to keep ourselves in check and not to follow their footsteps that caused them to fail. We might not be able to learn the winning formula, but we can definitely increase our chance of success by not doing the wrong things. Finally, from the case studies, I have learnt to identify the similarities in the character of the entrepreneurs, how determine and resilient they are. My main take away is really to pursue things that you like, be what you want to be and not what others want you to be and take risks. Taking risk is something that takes a lot of courage especially in highly educated people whom are too afraid to fail and would be something that i will constantly remind myself.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Shaun Djie

by Shaun Djie
(Singapore)

At the end of the very first lesson of TWC under Prof Pamela Lim, I already felt the vast difference and effectiveness of the way class was conducted and was looking very much forward to the remaining 12 weeks of class teachings (counting the classes that was discounted from the schedule).

Fast forward thirteen weeks, I realised that the end of the TWC journey had finally arrived.

I set myself 2 goals which I felt that I had achieved it fairly with some sense of pride.

I started out this course wanting to learn more about innovation and how technology impacts our lives in a theoretical way that we may not realise. I feel that this course's materials had provided me with a comprehensive understanding of the theories and frameworks behind innovation and world change.

Next, the in-class presentation presented to me an opportunity to be able to build up in-class impromptu presentation skills and to be confident about my ideas. I felt that I had achieved this target fairly well and I do feel much more confident about my presentation skills although some may argue that TWC is a 'fluff' module, I don't really believe in the idea of 'fluff' as people might perceive 'fluff' knowledge as redundant knowledge. However I find this topics useful in knowing the frameworks that processes, systems, corporates lay on to build successful ventures.

Lastly, as with every SMU's module, we had to work in groups and I was fortunate enough to be surrounded with motivated, like-minded and professional group mates that made this journey all the more easier and enriching. This is certainly one of the more memorable course I have done in my freshman year and I hope the school will continue to endorse this vibrant teaching methodology.

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TWC-2012/2013-Term 2- Audrey Jee G18

by Audrey Jee
(Singapore)

My TWC Journey!

My TWC Journey!

At the beginning of this course, I remember setting myself 2 main objectives
1. Understand “technology better”, in terms of how it has impacted the society and how it would in the future
2. To gain insights regarding the business opportunities involving new technologies.
With these ambitious objectives, I had hoped to achieve them through the small insights I gather from daily sightings in my life.
Now that the course has come to an end, I can somewhat say that I have achieved the above two objectives, but on top of that, there I took away many things that I had never expected.
First of all, I must say that this course gave me a much better understanding towards the term “Technology”. However, this understanding was slightly different from what I had expected. Initially, I was expecting this course to teach me more regarding the specifics of technology (e.g. how a particular technology work, how they were being developed, history behind them etc.) However, what was being taught was very much different! This course focused much more on the impacts of various technologies and really, how technologies have changed, and could potentially change the way we live. This is certainly a pleasant surprise for me as this made this course very much more relatable to me!
In relation to the business insights regarding technology innovations I have certainly learn a whole lot about it as well. The various business models and strategies companies have took as well as how many MNCs have weaved technology into part of their operations to give themselves a competitive edge was very evidently taught to me through this class. This definitely reinforced the importance of technology in today’s context of business.
However, an unexpected takeaway was on the aspect of technological entrepreneurship. Initially, I had the thought that the seminar would yet be another boring seminar with guest speakers talking about their success that I could only envy but not relate to, and that it would be a waste of my time. However, the seminar proved total opposite. I did not waste my time, and I would say it is a Wednesday night well spend! From the speaker’s enthusiasm and sharing about their journey towards entrepreneurship, I picked up many valuable lessons. Besides, lesson from them (especially Mr Patrick) was very inspirational towards me since I have always wanted to venture into social entrepreneurship upon graduation. I vividly remember Mr Patrick mentioning “You have to make sure your business value-add to the society, your customers, and employees. A business without a cause or value would never be a successful business.” This quote from him is something I would always bear in mind :D On top of that, Mr Patrick’s business model centred on “Love” is also something I would strive to work towards if I ever start up a business!
Another unexpected take-away from this course I must say is the friendship forged. At the beginning of this course, I did not have many friends assigned to the same class since this course is pre-assigned. Hence, I entered this course with the mind-set that I would not enjoy myself very much. But yet again, I was wrong. I remember my group spontaneously volunteering to make breakfast for the class as a part of our presentation. When I told my friends outside of class that “Hey, I am making pancakes for TWC presentation tomorrow”, the shock/amazed/envious expression on their faces still makes me laugh. Ever since that “pan-cake making” presentation, our group became very much closer! I soon realised that these bunch of people were not only a great team to work with, but also a fun bunch to hang out with. I am really thankful to be assigned to this group, and I must say that this is made possible given the way this course is being taught! As this course unlike others, is being taught in a highly interactive manner, where we are required to actively participate in class and make short presentations during class, I had way more chance to interaction with my group-mates than any other mods I took this semester!
With that, I am really thankful and glad that this mod is taught in such a manner! Not only it “forces” us to think on the spot, and read up on the topic, it fostered team-work as well! Thank you Prof Pam, for being so different from the rest of the professors in SMU, I really like your style of teaching! If possible I would like to bid for your other mods in the future, if not recommend them to my juniors next semester!

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TWC-2012/2013-Term 2- Jonathan Leow

by Leow En Ze Jonathan
(Singapore)

TWC Team 1

TWC Team 1

TWC Team 1
Dragon Boaters in TWC (Missing Richard)

In my honest opinion, I didn't have much expectations when I stepped into my first TWC class, i was probably one of the few year 2s that somehow ended up doing this module so late. Evidently, i had the impression that I was going to learn about how technology has changed the world and maybe do some research on some famous inventions and I will be well on my way. Basically, I expected to survive through the module without much notable takeaways, thinking that having gone through the system in one semester, nothing could really surprise me anymore. But boy, was I in for a pleasant surprise!

Firstly, TWC under Prof. Pam Lim was truly an eye-opener for me, it gave me knowledge not only in the confines of technology, but also in the area of entrepreneurship. She introduced to us the idea of how technology is at the heart of many successful start-ups, and failure to understand it will be a costly mistake. I was exposed to the world of technical entrepreneurship and I was privileged enough to learn from some of the best in the industry (Prof. and the entrepreneurs from the guest seminar). This was truly a humbling process for me as i learnt that true learning takes place beyond the limitations of the classroom and we actually benefit the most if we learn from people who have been through the ups and downs of technical entrepreneurship.

Secondly, contrary to my initial skepticism and laid-back attitude, TWC under Prof, was truly an intellectually-engaging experience. Every class i was spurred to think on my feet and answer prof's queries to the best of my knowledge. The breakout sessions also trained me to be able to do research fast and translate it into a presentation that was easy for the class to understand. The challenge in working in a big group also helped me improve my communication skills and ultimately, i am proud to say that i have emerged from Prof. Lim's TWC class as a more vocal and confident student in SMU.

Thirdly, I was also particularly grateful to TWC as the projects and research really got my out of my comfort zone and challenged me to start thinking of my future career. Before this course I have never even thought much about entrepreneurship and I dismissed the thought of possibly trying it as a misguided and naive idea. Prof. Lim taught me otherwise, she shared insights with us about how entrepreneurship is accessible to everyone, and the guest seminar taught us that at the heart of the every entrepreneurship is an element of love. These were things that resonated greatly with me, as standing at the crossroads of my undergraduate journey, i am torn between which major i should declare, and TWC has allowed me to gain new perspectives that helped me make a more informed choice.

Lastly, the project requirements of our TWC module also created opportunities for me to meet entrepreneurs here in Singapore. In my efforts to secure an interviewee for our final presentation, I had the opportunity to talk to many entrepreneurs. I have spoken to the founder of Stickery (successful online app), Mr Bjorn Lee, the bosses of Saveur (successful french restaurant on purvis street) Dylan and Joshua, Pamela Yeo from Saught (social enterprise/ online start-up) , Joyce Li and Weiyan from Merry Merry Motion (Start-up offering design services), Rick Lee from Innova Technologies and Miss Kuik, director of The Thought Collective( Social Enterprise). These interactions allowed me to practice my networking skills and to even understand more about the challenges involved in entrepreneurship. I have no doubt that the knowledge i have gained will go a long way in helping me in my future endeavors and I have Prof Lim and her pedagogy to thank for that.

TWC has taught me more that i have expected and through the points which i have mentioned above, I believe that the 13 weeks under Prof. Lim has indeed made me a better individual than i was yesterday, and for that, I will always be grateful.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Quah Wei Yang Jason

by Quah Wei Yang Jason
(Singapore)


Introduction

TWC as taught by Prof Pamela Lim has been a unique course, to say the least.

At the start of the course, TWC seemed like it was going to be tough course. The grading methodology (especially class participation) seemed so complex with so many components that are taken in for assessment. Further, there were 2 group projects and weekly presentations that made the workload seem so much heavier.

However, after the course has passed by, I realized that this was not the case. Even though there were so many components for assessment, the projects were generally enjoyable and thus quite easy to do. I also have awesome group-mates that make group projects so much more bearable.

The problem-based methodology used in class made it very different from the traditional seminar-style discussions that I experience in other classes. I found the breakout sessions especially useful in two aspects: (a) Retaining of content and (b) Training of spontaneity and presentation skills.

Objectives

The earlier paragraph brings me to one of my objectives: to train my presentation skills through these ‘mini-presentations’. As a whole, these TWC breakout presentations have helped me train my presentation skills. Doing a presentation after a mere 45-minute discussion seemed unthinkable at the start. I feared that I would not be prepared enough to do the presentations, as I still believe that I do not have the “gift of the gab”. I needed much practice before I could do proper presentations. However, after doing a few breakout presentations, such spontaneous presentations seemed so much more bearable.

This spontaneity and presentation skills have proved to be helpful in other modules, as I would not need to dedicate so much time to rehearse the presentations. Though I believe that my presentation skills still can be polished, the presentations after breakout still helped to train that skill significantly.

Another objective based on the content learnt during the course is to learn more about technology to be able to exploit it / be more innovative in the future. Honestly, I believe that only time will tell whether I have met this objective. The course had only provided a framework of innovation / entrepreneurship and it will be up to me in the future to use this framework to innovate.

Learning Points and Takeaways

However, I believe that the biggest learning point during the entire TWC course manifested itself in the sharing of the Guest Entrepreneurs – the importance of people-skills.

As mentioned by all the guest speakers and Prof herself, running a business is all about managing and interacting with people. There is a need to have a genuine interest and love for the people you interact with if you want to be successful. However, I believe that such a skill is applicable in all walks of life – whether it be running an enterprise, networking or doing a simple project. Even as I try my best and obtain the best GPA that I can get, if I neglect those around me, the consequences in the future might prove to be detrimental.

A second take-away from TWC is the need of tenacity in life. Sometimes I get so comfortable in using the tried-and-tested method and do not dare to explore creative methods of doing tasks. However, after observing and hearing how Prof Pam is willing to step out of her comfort zone to carry out PBL or even innovate on routine tasks during her work at Citibank, it seems that sometimes the ‘comfortable’ method might not always be the best.

Further, the case study on Darren Ho has proven to be a meaningful one. He was someone who was not afraid of failure but dared to be different – starting up a business while still in university. His tenacity inspires me and I hope to start a small business while in SMU too.

Conclusion

My experience of TWC as a whole is a unique one. I realized that my main takeaways from TWC were not that of content, but other skills and points that would prove to be useful in the future. Indeed, it reinforces the point that university is a time not merely to learn of new content, but a time to shape your character.

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TWC-2012 / 13 Term 2 - Amy Chan

by Chan Wen Yi Amy
(Singapore)



After hearing many negative comments from my peers, I always thought that TWC is a boring module. Many told me that TWC is just a module that we had to take, for the sake of taking. Furthermore, many didn't appreciate the usefulness of TWC either

Having hear all these negative comments, I did not have much expectations when I enroll into this course. Similar to them, I am always wondering why do I have to enroll into such course? Especially being in an Accounting major, I did not understand why we have to study technology related modules.

After attending 13 weeks of TWC classes, I am grateful that I bidded for the right class. I like the way the class was conducted - where it focuses a lot on Problem Based Learning (PBL). I experienced PBL lessons in my education with Ngee Ann Polytechnic. I feel that teaching using the PBL approach is very effective.

Every week, we were asked to research to find the answers for the problem assigned to us, it made me learn more as I get to explore the different possibilities in the websites. Furthermore, I tend to have a greater impression of what was covered in TWC classes than other classes. Perhaps, this PBL approach contributed greatly to it.

Also, what has greatly enhanced my TWC journey was having a group of fun-loving group mates. We worked together for 2 TWC projects, as well as for weekly in-class research questions.

Besides that, being someone who never like to study technology related module, TWC was really an eye-opening module for me. There were many interesting concepts that were covered in the syllabus. I never knew that innovations could be classified that way, and I never knew that the process to innovation is that tedious.

Lastly, one of my favourite lesson was the guest seminar. Having heard the guest speakers talking about their experiences, and giving advice to many budding entrepreneurs, it dawn upon me, that I might want to consider the route of entrepreneur.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Ang Qi Ying

by Ang Qi Ying
(Singapore)

Why so serious?

Why so serious?

Having completed this particular module on Technology and World Change, I can safely say that it has gone beyond meeting my expectations. I remember starting my first TWC journal entry with a line that went like this, “Technology has always been the area that interests me the least.” Since then, I have evolved to become more appreciative of technology and its developments. Who would have thought that innovations could be classified into different forms or types? Or that technological change occurs in cycles? These concepts have helped shed light on what used to be a mystery to me, and I no longer fear reading up on the technological development updates in newspapers or magazines. In fact, I become excited to relate what I have learnt to real world situations (I mentally classify the kind of innovation that is covered in the articles now).

We were subsequently exposed to the intricacies of managing innovation, which made me respect technical entrepreneurs even more. Innovating is not an easy task, and contrary to common perception, it does not end with having a brilliant idea to create something that is out of this world. It involves the arduous process of commercialization, and at the same time, having to worry about Intellectual Property Rights and funding. There are quite a number of people in class who have expressed interest in setting up their own businesses, and I am sure that this has helped them to obtain a clearer picture of what they should be expecting.

Speaking up in front of a large audience has got to be one of my greatest fears. However, I found myself overcoming my fears progressively because Professor Pamela Lim presented us with ample opportunities to participate in class, either via the online forum or during the lesson itself. It is through these interactions that I was able to learn from my peers while reinforcing the concepts from the textbook. Being in such an active environment also kept me awake during lessons!

The breakout sessions were a unique aspect of TWC. It was the time when the most learning occurred. Given the time constraints (of 20 minutes), it was a challenge to present on a topic with limited preparation. Being put in this situation forced me into internalizing the topics so that I could present coherently. The breakout sessions also provided us with plenty of time to interact among our groups, which led to friendships being forged. I thoroughly enjoyed the discussions with my new friends, and am happy to announce that we are going to bid for modules together. ☺

On top of the theoretical aspect of TWC, I have also learnt more about soft skills. The guest seminar could not have done a better job at emphasizing the importance of treating people right. Additionally, the lessons allowed us to work on our presentation skills and teamwork. In time to come, I may forget the theories that had been taught, but I believe that it is the soft skills that will stick with me through life.

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2 - Tan Yao Guang

by Yao Guang
(Singapore)

I think that through this TWC journey, it has been very rewarding and even though it passed so quickly, it is one of those modules that you could somehow remember the details of each lesson without much effort to recall.

I remember that on the first day of lesson, we were all seated with whoever we knew, whatever friends we could find, not so much wanting to class participate initially, but very quickly after a short session, we were moved to our groups and hit with our first in-class presentations (who'd expect that on a sluggish 8.30am session at week 1?). This fast moving pace of lessons is something I really valued from TWC under Prof Pamela, she always had so much to share with us, so much she wanted us to try for ourselves. I felt that the weekly presentations made us apply the textbook concepts immediately after we've learnt it, which made it so much easier to relate too when we revise.

And even when Prof Pamela said that Steve Jobs used to cool his feet in the toilet bowl, she asked us to check and verify it for ourselves – she didn't want us to believe her just because she said so. She emphasised the importance of being critical on any piece of information and not just trusting its source.

The TWC seminar was also very fulfilling, when we get to listen to what entrepreneurs like prof Pamela and the others say about starting a business, we learn so many soft skills that probably can never be taught in class. And I think this one of the other big takeaways for me.

To sum up, I think i met my personal objectives of participating more in class (the facilitation by prof Pamela really helped me achieve that) and learning more about how ideas become real businesses through case studies in textbook, group presentations by classmates etc. It has been a very experiential journey and I believe these would help me in some way in the future.

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TWC-2012/13-Lin Junkang

Throughout my TWC journey I felt that I had met my objectives, and much more.

Gathering knowledge and seeing how technology and innovation was applied in our daily lives was an eye-opening experience. Prof shared with us many of her personal experiences that were beyond that of the textbook as well. All this made me reflect on the knowledge I had learnt and broaden my perspective as well as gain key insight into how the technology industry functions.

The many in-class presentations that we had to do were enriching too. Initially, I was slightly taken aback at the thought of having to prepare and present in such a short period of time. However, my group learnt to work together efficiently despite the time constraint and it turned out to be a fun experience. Over the next few weeks, as we got more practice, we started to enjoy it more. The in-class presentations helped us to reinforce the knowledge we had learnt too, because we had to apply concepts to a scenario prof provided.

The TWC guest seminar was an event that sets this module apart from the rest. Our group was in charge of the food arrangements and it was a complicated task on the day of execution because our sponsors were located around Singapore. We had to coordinate our efforts to ensure that the food arrived in time for the guests in perfect condition. I am extremely grateful and proud of my group for all the hard work and effort we put in to ensure that everything was in order. It was certainly an event that I would remember, and for the right reasons.

Time has definitely flown by, and the last lesson of TWC has come and gone. I would like to thank my friends, Zi Rong and Prof Pamela for making TWC lessons an enjoyable and memorable one.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Teo Ser Lin



(Repost)
From what I remembered of Journal 1, the few goals which I set for myself for this course included speaking up more in class and not only learn from things to apply from this course into my life, also from my fellow teammates as well as Prof.

I am really glad to say that I have met those goals. To begin, Prof’s emphasis on making the class interactive and engaging has helped me to achieve this. By putting so much weightage on class part, it motivated me to speak up more and she also made it fun and not stressful for us to do speak up in-class. For example, the in-class research presentations covered many interesting topics such as the supernatural, legends and myths –mermaids, aliens etc –which made class more interesting for us to engage our thoughts with. Furthermore, during the break out sessions, it definitely gave our groups time to bond and work together, and actually get to know each other better during every lesson. Even though the break out sessions posed us with time constraints at times, I realized that through it our group learnt to generate ideas productively and work as a team efficiently. I was also able to learn from my teammates and exchange ideas regarding the topics. This is so much better than the usual 3-hour lectures that are boring and not interactive. After the first two lessons, I could already see the change in our group dynamics and how we learnt to be more efficient and have time to eat as well! With Prof teaching with the problem-based learning method, she has definitely enhanced my learning experience and made it very fruitful.

Another aspect of Prof’s class which I enjoyed was definitely the Guest Seminar. One thing about TWC was that, before I attended Prof’s class, most people told me how this course was slightly dry and technical, and perhaps even unrelated to our lives in the future. Similarly, I thought so as well, with the preconceived thinking of “how interesting or important can technology be”. However, after going through TWC under Prof Lim’s teaching, I beg to differ. I have learnt many things which were out of the textbook even in class, as mentioned earlier during break out sessions, as well as class discussions and prof’s input on the syllabus materials, which I would never have thought would be discussed in a TWC class. On the same note, I did not think that I would have so much fun actually doing a project which accounted for so much of my grade as well. My group chose to handle the Guest Seminar and I must say that I am really glad we did. It gave me an opportunity to meet Mr Darren Ho, the CEO of AzVox and through the interview session with him, I have certainly taken away many important life lessons and perspectives from him.

Overall, I really appreciate and enjoyed Prof’s method of teaching, sharing with us her personal experiences as an entrepreneur and giving us exposure and lessons, which we cannot get simply from reading the textbook. Things such as to not take everything at face value, to be down-to-earth and humble in life and in being an entrepreneur are some of Prof’s advice for us which I remember. Finally, just want to add that I had a fun and fruitful learning journey, thanks to Prof Lim and all the TAs who made it possible! :)

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2- Lim Wan Zheng

by Lim Wan Zheng
(Singapore)

Group 6 with prof!!!!

Group 6 with prof!!!!

At the start of the term, I thought the lessons were going to be full of fluff. However, over the weeks, Prof Pamela enriched us with all her experiences during her days of entrepreneurship and took us through all the different stages of innovation and these really made me want to rough it out on my own.
The presentations every week really forced me to speak up. During my first 1 or 2 presentations, my voice was very very shaky and i was full of anxiety as I spoke. Now, i can confidently present myself during presentations. I particularly enjoyed the problem- based learning method that Prof Pamela used in her lesson. It is this method that I was able to interact with my groupmates so as to find a solution for the problem she gave. This relaxed pace also allowed us to depend on ourselves to come up with answers in the time given.
The most enriching lesson was the guest seminar and i would not have been able to attend such seminars if it wasn't for Prof Pamela.

I really want to thank the prof for giving us so many opportunities to speak up in class, sharing her experiences with us and being so friendly and candid with us. Thank you prof! i really enjoyed your lessons!

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TWC (AY 2012-2013) Term 2 - Wang Junwen

by Wang Junwen


A key objective I hoped to achieve at the beginning of the course was to become better at presentations. I felt that I have not only improve in presentations, but I have learnt so much more.

Prof Pam structured the class in a unique way where every session had a break out session where we would have to come up with a short presentation. This taught me how to work well in a group with a time constraint. The many presentations also gave me the opportunity to hone my presentation skills. The questions were also unconventional questions which made the presentations much more intersting and lively.

Besides this, another very important takeaway from this course is that we should free our minds and not restrict ourselves to a certain mindset. A lesson was particularly memorable as Prof Pam wanted us to research about UFOs, mermaids, egyptian pyramids and other mythical phenomenon. She then challenged our conventional way of thinking and tell us not to believe whatever is shown to us. She also told us to be inquistive and find out for yourself the true answer. This is me should be the right attitude towards learning.

I really appreciate Prof's effort in not just trying to impart knowledge, but also to instill in us certain important qualities such as the right attitude towards learning.

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TWC- term 2 (AY2012-2013) - Tommy Soh

by Tommy Soh
(Singapore)

the group!

the group!

And once again, the time has come for modules good or bad to end.
I would like to start off by thanking Prof Pamela for being considerate in the planning of our classes. Hell week has one less module for us to worry about because of that.

"Do the things you fear, and the death of fear is certain" - Ralph Waldo Emerson

From the first lesson with Prof Pamela, we were thrown into a state of discomfort. The discomfort of having to present an idea with little time to prepare and presenting that same idea to a large crowd of people. However unsurprisingly this very discomfort started to dissipate as the weeks progressed. The most valuable takeaways, I believe, is not just academic but soft skills like the ability to gather information and think on your feet. I would say that Prof Pamela's pedagogy has taught us more within 10 weeks of lessons than any other modules could in 13 weeks. For that reason, I think it would be better if more problem-based learning could be integrated. Academic wise, I have learnt to appreciate the business value behind the cool technology and study of technology itself.

To conclude Prof Pamela’s lesson has done more than to just impart lessons based on a curriculum. She helped us be immersed in idea behind technology and innovation. This is something that I will always as a student and especially considering that I hail from the School of Information Systems. A place where information technology is dynamically applied to a business context in order to fulfill the consumer’s objectives. This coupled with the fact that as students of discipline have to vocalize the benefits of treating IT as a strategic asset instead of a cost center, TWC has made my time more memorable and fruitful.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Benjamin Tan

Before everything else, I would first like to express my gratitude to prof Pamela and Zi Rong, I am very fortunate to be able to take TWC under the both of you. Thank You!

At the very start of the term, Prof Pam requested us to set our goal and resolution that we want to achieve out of this module. During then, I set my goal relevant to $$. However, as time goes by and more interaction in TWC, i realise that my focus shifted a little as well. Although it is still relevant to $$, I have an additional desire to be an entrepreneur. Be it technical or what, something that I can start small and grow. However, i understand that this path is not easy and foremost is to learn to be humble.

One of the major takeaway from the journey is that - to be an entrepreneur, learn to fail first. In a journey where I pioneer my own path and create a route that allows others to follow, there bound to be failures and setbacks. Recover from the falls and brace myself forward is the main message that I gotten from the guest seminar. Everyone of them, however successful they are now, had their fair share of setbacks and rejections.

It is always said that the best university ever is called the "society university" because no amount of theories learn during school could rival experiencing and doing in the real workplace. However, i am proud to say that this is NOT the case for TWC. The technological paradigm, Kondratiev cycle gave me the information to know when to ride the flow. The topics on Intellectual Property and Rights, taught me to always question and always take measurements to safeguard myself.

All things will eventually come to an end. This learning journey is no different. I am just glad that I have the opportunity to experience this. Once again, THANK YOU!

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TWC - 2012/2013Term2 - Jessica Rovira

by Jessica Rovira
(Singapore)

"The Big Guy always wins."

Immortal words from Prof Pamela that I both agreed and grappled with. It ate away at me as I first silently agreed with resignation, then bristled at the initial, superficial injustice of the statement.

The thing that is most prominent in my mind when I think of TWC is how much practical content I have learned, despite it being an academic aspect of uni life. Other courses put heavy emphasis on content knowledge, on theory, and TWC is no different; tests and quizzes test our textbook knowledge. But the words that Prof spoke has to be one of the most practical, hard-knock pieces of advice I have heard from a teacher.

The theme of 'practicality' continues even in how much the theory actually teaches you about the real-life aspects of innovation. Before this module, I thought of 'innovation' as the purview of the tireless, 'mad genius' inventor, and of the commercialisation of viable inventions as being the dominion of corporate bigwigs. I now understand that far from being separate events, they constitute one continuous process. More importantly, I understand how critical each stage of innovation is to the ultimate success of the product. Learning the 'theory' side in TWC has allowed me to appreciate the complexities involved in the 'practical' side of the innovative process.

Of course, what could be more practical and 'real-world' than work itself? I had the opportunity to interview the CEO of HSR, Mr. Patrick Liew, as part of preparations for the Guest Seminar. Again, I had pre-conceived notions of corporate life, which were both subverted and affirmed. I expected stories of competition, paper chases and office politics. I did get those, but they were just the opening act. The interview's main attraction was tales of redemption and reflection, of human error and hubris. Even the distinguished speakers of the guest seminar all agreed that the real world taught them not strategies for success, but how to live meaningfully, enjoying this kind of success far more than mere profits. I suppose, then, that the most practical lesson the TWC experience taught me was that even in the midst of a technology-centred society and environment, the most important component of the machine is still the human factor.

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TWC - 2012/13Term 2 - Foo Shi Ling Stephanie

Group 1 :-)

Group 1 :-)

Initially, I was quite skeptical about this module; the name itself for starters was rather intimidating because I was, still am not, a tech-kind of person. I was not interested in computers or softwares and what not. Also just because it was a compulsory and pre-assigned module, I did not know what to expect.

However, over the past 13 weeks of lessons, I realized that there're more to technology than computer-related things, such as innovations and entrepreneurs. I learnt how people built on past ideas to create something even more applicable to their era. I even learnt how to go about starting up my own business if I want to.

One of the challenges I personally faced was in week 1, when my group found out we had a significantly heavy presentation due the next week. We barely knew each other yet we had to get this project going. I thought i would not be able to work well with them, having known them for only a day. Despite that, all of them were very welcoming and friendly and we hit off quite well from the start, making doing the project much much more bearable. I actually looked forward to meeting them on Mondays for lessons cos we would gather after class to have lunch and chit chat. I also learnt that in order to , I had to take things in my stride. Instead of just whining about the things I had to do, why not actually get started on them. Especially in our lessons where we had the in-class presentation every week and we had to research and present our findings within a given amount of time, I realized it would be way easier to get started and not procrastinate.

This module reflects the real world a lot, and I am grateful for this experience. Though I'm still slightly passive about the whole tech-scene, this has really opened my eyes to what I could have missed out on and how important it actually is to my life in the future.

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TWC-2012/13Term 2-Marie Thio

by Marie Bernadette Thio Li Li
(Singapore)

To me, TWC was a module i was never interested to take, it was just another compulsory module i had to go through. What i felt made it worse was the idea that i never wanted to take on the life of an entrepreneur. Perhaps it was fear of the unknown or perhaps it was simply because i knew nothing about what they do.

Truthfully, i wouldn't say that i've come a long way after taking the module and neither would i say that my ambition is to become an entrepreneur. However, i have grown to understand a new perspective about the possibilities out there in the working world. The greatest takeaway from the course would be a look into the courageous lives of entrepreneurs. To me, being an entrepreneur is just like gambling. There are so many risks to take and the odds just seem to be against you. I came with the impression that many entrepreneurs fail, go bankrupt, lose their life savings... etc. But i've also come to realize that many persevere after they've encountered failures and emerge successful. Entrepreneurs really should be respected for the work they do and what they have to offer in terms of their courageousness and knowledge. The two i feel who are really worth mentioning are Miss Nanz Chong (from the guest seminar) and Prof Pam. And wow they're both inspirational women.

I believe both have come with an innate and sincere desire to teach the younger generation and they do so through sharing their experiences. I feel that it was the stories shared by both entrepreneurs that changed my impression of TWC, i would say that this would probably be the most crucial part of this module for students to learn from, rather than the theory.

Yes, theory did have a lot to offer, because we were taught concrete definitions about forms of innovation, types of innovations, sources of innovations, theories of innovation, IPR, business and tech strategies and so on. But, the ultimate takeaways and things we would remember from the course would be the stories heard from entrepreneurs.

I feel that Prof Pam is probably the best Prof that a skeptic could encounter. A skeptic would enter the class unwilling to learn. But, the way in which she teaches, especially the arsenal of knowledge and stories she has to offer would probably allow the student to go through with a positive experience. So thanks Prof for teaching us!

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2- Lim Wan Zheng

by Lim Wan Zheng
(Singapore)

Group 6 with prof!!!!

Group 6 with prof!!!!

When i first came to class, I thought that it was going to be a fluff mod. However, as the weeks went by, I started to enjoy lessons because Prof Pamela was very candid when she spoke, sincere when she shared her experiences with us, and always gave us opportunities to speak up in class. But of course, almost everyone would snatch up those opportunities.

I particularly enjoy the problem based learning in which we will break out in our groups and discuss a problem and then at the end of the given time, we would have to come up with a solution and present it to class in a few minutes. This method really trains us to speak without a speech and allowed us to interact with our groupmates and find a solution to a problem within the shortest time possible.

I also thoroughly enjoyed the guest seminar session where the guest speakers shared their experiences and obstacles that they faced. I particularly liked the speech by Ms Nan Chong Komo because she was very bubbly and cheery, even on stage when she presented. I was all ears throughout her speech.

I just want to thank prof pamela for being so friendly and motherly with us during lessons and I really enjoyed your lesson!! thank you prof :)

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TWC-Term 2 (AY2012/2013) - Lee Wen Hong

by Lee Wen Hong
(Singapore)

All the topics we managed to cover. Thats ALOT!

All the topics we managed to cover. Thats ALOT!

All the topics we managed to cover. Thats ALOT!
There's always class part for grabs ^^
Breakout~

Initially starting this course, I treat it as another module I have to clear. Being a tech idiot, I thought i would definitely have a hard time in this course. As expected, I was right. During the first lesson, examples of latest innovation came spewing from my classmates and I was still wondering how could such innovation exist.

However, as i proceeded with this course, I realise that such knowledge did was not the focus, but instead the technicality of innovation was. Kudos to Prof Pamela's interactive teaching style that made such a subject more interesting to me as prior this, did not have any interest in TWC. Furthermore, more often than not, Prof Pamela will go on further and discuss how such knowledge would help entrepreneurs and through breakout sessions,we are able to apply what we learn to real-life examples. This allow me to better consolidate my thoughts. Also, the sharing session we had near the end of the semester was thought provoking as well.

Throughout the course I have not only become more aware of current developments of the technological world, but also, gain a better understanding of the different types of innovation and its effects.

Lastly, the very last group project in which we had to interview an technical entrepreneur was an experience i learned from the most. Seeing how our lessons are applied in the entrepreneur we interviewed was really interesting. However, the biggest take away for me was that the most important thing for one to start a business is not the technical know how developed in school but instead one's character.

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2-MA CHENGCHI

by MA CHENGCHI
(Singapore )

Besides the fascinating technology-related knowledge that I had gained, the most amazing part of TWC was the guest seminar. Although it was just a 3 hours event, the preparation of the event lasted for about 4 weeks. Our team was in charge of inviting one of the guest speakers and we were really glad to be involved in the preparation process.
First of all, the entire process had built strong friendship among our team members. Everybody was willing to help each other when challenged with difficulties. I will always remember the time when we visited Patrick’s Place together; the nights spent on making the video and the jokes we exchanged during meals. Thanks to this guest seminar, there was more cohesion among us.
Secondly, the level of our professionalism was brought closer to the standard of the business world. We always remind ourselves that we are dealing with a CEO from a renowned property agency, so a lot of effort was invested to craft the invitation letter. In order to make a professional and impressive video, we didn’t give ourselves excuses such as “we are still students “or “it is the first time to do the video, it is ok to make a shabby video “. But we tried to be as resourceful as possible in the video making process. It was a good experience and it trained us with industrial mindset.
Thirdly, it was a great experience to be acquainted with Patrick, a successful CEO in property industry. During the interview, we discovered certain “ingredients” to a successful entrepreneur, such as passion, generosity, sincerity and diligence, as observed from Patrick. Despite being the CEO of HSR property, Patrick was so approachable and accommodating during the interview that he was willing to follow all our instructions. Unlike us, he is a man who sticks close to his schedules and makes the best of his time. When reflecting upon ourselves, we realized so much more we need to improve on before we can become successful entrepreneurs.
Initially I did not realize how value-adding TWC can be, but I would say that both the technology-related knowledge and soft skills we had gained in this course will definitely benefit us in our future endeavor.
Last but not least, I would like to say thank you to Prof Pamela for the fun and innovative learning experience she brought to the class.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2 - Shaun Tham

chilling out with our group's entrepreneur!

chilling out with our group's entrepreneur!

When I started the course in the beginning of the semester, I expected that it would be quite technical and theoretical because of the nature of the course - being an academic appreciation of innovation and entrepreneurship. However, as the weeks went by I started to realize (not just from the textbook examples but also from the examples cited by Prof in class) that the content of this course was incredibly reflective and related to the realities of entrepreneurship and innovation. Every substantive theory that we learnt during the course was backed up with relevant practical examples from either Prof Pam or my fellow students... I really appreciated that this course allowed me to understand the intricacies of innovation and entrepreneurship not just in theory but also in practice!

I appreciate that Prof Pam made every class session interactive and engaging through weekly group presentations and also through the lively student discussions which would sometimes go on during her lectures. Through these interactions I was not only able to learn from Prof, but also from my fellow student's research and opinions on the various issues which we covered in class.

As a Year 4 student who has already secured a job at a law firm dealing partly with intellectual property matters, I found the content of this course to be completely relevant to my future profession as it has helped me to understand more about the nature of innovation and how such innovations are protected through the law. The entrepreneurship aspects (especially the entrepreneurship presentations and the guest seminar) of the course were also very helpful in exposing me to the various skills and traits that entrepreneurs should have, and to the various routes through which an entrepreneur may seek to establish and fund his business.

The group presentations on entrepreneurship provided us with unique perspectives for learning as we got to personally approach and interact with local entrepreneurs to learn more about their businesses and their story. It also gave us students some insight into the realities of entrepreneurship and provided practical relevance to all the theories that we were learning in class.

In all, I've thoroughly enjoyed this course because of all the valuable and practical lessons which were taught and facilitated by Prof Pam. I think that the curriculum is relevant to all students because of the prevalence of entrepreneurship and innovation in the economy today - and through this course I was able to learn about TWC through an enjoyable and fulfilling learning journey.

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TWC-2012/2013 term 2- Goh Ying Jie- G18

by Goh Ying Jie
(Singapore)

twc seminar

twc seminar

This TWC journey has been interesting and is a great eye opener to how technology has shaped the world. From the TWC seminar, in class mini presentations to class presentations, I was given the chance to be exposed to the lengthy process of what and how entrepreneurs attain their success. The main learning objective I set for TWC is to understand how technology can be used to impact the society positively and it has been met beyond expectations. Through this module, I get the chance to participate actively in class especially through normal lessons and the mini presentations.

With these experiences, I learned the massive impact of the innovations of technology on the world. For example, we can do almost everything with our smart phones now in this era from taking videos/photos, setting reminders, playing interactive games, video calling etc. This is in stark contrast with the past where we could only call or send short messages with our cellphones. Also, now we can even have robots to help us do house work. These are all the fruits of the labor of the successful technical entrepreneurs who managed to transform their inventions to innovations by commercializing them, making them available to the public to access.

The mini in-class presentations were particularly helpful as they challenged my knowledge. We had to conduct research as a group with regards to the topics presented to us. The topics presented to us often gets us think about how such technology innovations came about and their purposes. This gave me a more in depth understanding about technology innovations, some of which are revolutionary. I also gained more general knowledge from this activity. This method of teaching is interesting and useful.

Through TWC, I got to be part of the logistics team of the TWC seminar organizing committee. As result, I get to be involved with the design of the booklets, notice board (the one my group presented to Prof Lim as a gift of appreciation for letting us to have the opportunity to participate in this seminar) and all the smallest details to ensure that the seminar runs smoothly. I also learned the importance of teamwork as my team members and I would have to constantly update each other of the latest progress from our side. The guest speakers also provided an insight of their learning journeys towards being successful entrepreneurs. The thing that struck me the most was the great emphasis of having a strong and large network is especially vital when one is doing business as they are the ones who help you to facilitate your business. This is further reemphasized by Prof Lim herself where she mentioned that having contacts is especially important because one would not know when you need the other person to help you, vice versa. The TWC seminar was truly enriching and inspiring and I enjoyed myself a lot. I learned the importance of networking and also to have a strong determination needed to be a successful technical entrepreneur.

Also, Prof Lim is always willing to share her personal learning experiences throughout her life journey as one of the most successful woman entrepreneur. She never fail to inspire me with her never-say-die attitude when it comes to being a technical entrepreneur despite facing several set back. One thing I learned from Prof Lim is that money is never enough when it comes to business. The rationale she gave was that if the company was to expand and make more investments, it needs more money. Also, when the company wants to achieve more, it needs even more money. This made me think deeper as I have always hold the view that as long as the company makes profits, the profits are enough to make it more successful. This insight provided by Prof Lim is an eye opener.

Apart from that, before I attended TWC, I did not know that invention is different from innovation. However, I learned that innovation is when one successfully commercialized the invention and makes it available to the public to purchase. Neither did I know that the process for innovation was such a lengthy one with the possible challenges ahead. I also did not they that there are so many sources of funding available for technical entrepreneurs to fund their businesses. Now that I have gone through 13 weeks of TWC, I am able to answer those questions with the knowledge I gained.

I have always thought that IT related modules are dry and boring but I am truly wrong. TWC is a fun and useful module which helped me to see a bigger picture of technology can shape and change the world. I like the teaching method used for this module. Thank you Prof Lim for this enriching journey! =)

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TWC-2012/13Term2 - Chan Hoi Ching, Desiree

by Chan Hoi Ching
(Singapore)


During the December holidays, I went to ask my friend who took TWC last semester, what TWC is about. I was told that it teaches us how technology changes over time and about entrepreneurship.

Indeed, this TWC module offers even more than what I was told!

In this modern world, technology is everywhere and our world basically revolves around technology. Despite this heavy reliance on technology, many of us is unable to truly appreciate the art of technology.

For me, I have never really pondered over the question "How does technology come about?", I just took it as it is. During this module, it makes me realize technology is so much more than just convenience, fun, entertaining.

Among all the modules I have taken, TWC module is the only with a "presentation" every lesson, which we called the break-out session. I feel that it's very helpful, because it helps us to apply what was learnt that into real-life application. It was challenging at first, as we're only given a short period of time to prepare a mini presentation which involves research and application of knowledge. This trains us to be quick on our thinking and be flexible on our application, which are both essential soft skills.

Also, while doing our final group project, I have learnt more about entrepreneurship. I used to think that only the riches can be entrepreneurs, because most entrepreneurship requires a huge amount of capital. While interviewing the local entrepreneurs, I realized that entrepreneurship could be easier than I thought and much more help is available.

Last but not least, I have made some good friends in this TWC journey. I remembered Prof Pamela Lim said, during our first lesson, that we would become close with our group mates. I think it applies to me and I am very glad that my TWC journey is a pleasant one!

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Stella Tay

by Stella Tay Xinyin
(Singapore)


Thank you Prof. Pam Lim for the 13 weeks of enriching lessons as it really exceeded my expectation for this module. Honestly, when I bided for this module, I have no idea what I am in for, except that it is a university core that I ought to complete. But I guess Prof. Pam Lim has changed my perceptions about this module and I wonder if my negative perception will remains if I were to take it under another prof.

Learning methodology:
Before week 1, I have been hearing lots of rumors about Pam Lim’s unique teaching methodology and how some of my friends could not adapt to it. Honestly, I was quite afraid about it. However, after week 1, I realized that I am actually familiar with this PBL learning approach as I have been doing this almost everyday back in my days in republic polytechnic.

My personal feedback about this methodology in TWC:
After going through 3 years of PBL back in RP, I felt that it is an effective method in simulating students to think and solve problem by independently. I can totally understand why Prof. Pam Lim still insists on this method even though some of the students may not like it. I guess most of the Singapore students are too used to being spoon fed with solution since young, therefore, the resilience to this whole new methodology. (I felt this way once too)
As a student who undergone both system in a part of my education journey, I felt that both ways have its’ own benefits and they should complement each other.

For example, there are so many researches online and each of them says very different things. Thus, it is no doubt that we are not confident of our findings.

But, I guess this is when the “recap” after breakout comes in.

Application of what we learnt into real life situation is also another method of efficient learning. PBL bring knowledge out from the textbook and allow us to make sense of what we are studying. It trains me to think out of the box and answer to prof. queries. I guess this train us to be more vocal and confident of our own findings. This is essential for our working life in time to come, as we have no teachers to feed us with notes or answers anymore.

I honestly think that PBL is right approach for TWC as I reckon that it will be dry and boring if we were to listen to lectures of the different theories of innovation every week. If that should be the case, I think everyone can stay at home and read the textbook instead. Coming to school, putting theories to application are what that make lessons interesting and fun. Some may feel that TWC may be a “fluff” mode filled with theories, however, this is not the case in PBL learning because we apply what we learnt into reality.

Guest Seminar:

Rather than focusing on the aspects of technology and how it changes the world, TWC has enlightened me about being an entrepreneur. As mentioned in journal 2, the guest seminar taught me that being a technopreneur stretches far more than just “hardware” but “heart ware”. It teaches me that when one is chasing for the success in life, do not forget about the humanity around us. My most notable takeaway from this guest seminar is that, not everything is smooth behind a successful person/company. There are bound to be hurricanes along the journey, what matter is, how we brave through the storms.


How has TWC impacted my life:

I have learnt about the rise and fall of technoprenurs with the case studies introduced by my group and classmates each week. If it was not for TWC, I will probably not read about these. As part of our project requirements, I managed to talk to a few young and inspiring technoprenurs who share with us their process of being an entrepreneur.

Take for instance; I never knew so much about green technology, smartphone applications. I was truly amazed when I saw how many SMU students actually moved on to be a technoprenuer, some succeeded some did not. But I guess these “live” examples (Prof. Pam Lim, the guests and case studies) are role models that are so close to us and I can closely relate to them. It proves that being a technoprenuer is actually attainable, as we do not need to have large funds! Sources of help are everywhere around, if we take the effort to explore more about it .

Once again, Thanks Prof. Pam Lim for her learning methodology and insights of a successful women. Prof. Pam Lim teaches me beyond what TWC entails. As an ambitious girl myself, I too hope that I could be like her someday (successful women and a great mother). I really enjoy reading her posts and how she brought her precious children up to face this world and how she relate herself to the less fortunates with her big heart. Her entries are thought provoking and i felt guilty after reading it sometimes.

After this semester, I have also become a girl who will step back and think about my life and how blessed I am. I have become more independent with my learning and I am definitely become more confident during class participation and presentation. These skills I believe are skills that we need to start practicing now, which are also personality that stood us out from the others.

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TW-2012/2013Term2-Siti Maryam Binte Yusof

by Siti Maryam Binte Yusof
(Singapore)

The website!

The website!

The website!
Meetings with the team is always filled with laughter and a lot of yummy tea.
Our first picture as a team

Technological Entrepreneurship has been the most unconventional module I’ve taken in SMU and at the same time, the most enjoyable. While having to create hypothetical business plans has been something of a norm in a few modules I’ve taken in SMU in the past 4 years, I’ve never had to actually execute the plan and come up with a minimum viable product (MVP). To be honest, when we were first told that we’d have to come up with a website, MVP and business plan then pitch it and present it at a booth, I was a bit taken aback since it sounded very tough. However, after being through the process, I’ve really enjoyed myself and I’ve learnt a lot about entrepreneurship. Plus, it has made me realize that starting a business may not be as daunting as it may seem.

I’ve been very fortunate to be a part of a highly capable, skilled and motivated team. When we were first given the pre-assigned teams on the first day, I was quite unhappy. I didn’t think that it would be possible to work on a great business idea with strangers. When we eventually moved around and the group grew to a team of 10, I didn’t think that we could work since I felt that there were just too many people in the team.

Thankfully, I’ve been proven wrong on both counts by my teammates. Everyone in the team was able to bring something different to the table and we were able to fill each other’s gaps that way. For example, I was able to bring in my skills in web, graphic design and branding while my teammates were able to provide their know-how in other avenues like finance, marketing, photography and operations to the team and I’ve been able to learn from them that way. Furthermore, we have since bonded very well as a group and each meeting seems more like a fun but productive brainstorming session rather than boring and serious meetings.

It was also a good experience to learn by doing rather than to sit through 3-hour long lectures about entrepreneurship. I recently came across a blog by Seth Godlin, an entrepreneur, who started the post by saying: “Studying entrepreneurship without doing it is like studying the appreciation of music without listening to it” and I agree. You can’t really study entrepreneurship without trying it out. I’m currently taking another module on entrepreneurship presented as 3 hour long lectures and I can honestly say that learning by doing has taught me a lot more than by simply reading case studies and learning about entrepreneurship from the textbook. Learning from the entrepreneurs in lectures and the seminar has also been very useful as we are able to learn from their successes, failures and experiences.

I’m also glad that I decided to take this module in my final semester in SMU. It has helped me realize what I want after graduation and that I could be more than just a cog in the operations of someone else’s business. My team has been discussing on future plans and who knows what the future for our startup could hold. Right now, I’m very thankful for the lessons learnt from this module and would encourage juniors to take it in the future. Thanks Prof!

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TWC- 2012/2013 Term 2- Carissa Melina Suantio

by Carissa Melina Suantio
(Singapore)




Reflecting to the objectives that I set a few weeks after entering TWC class, I believe I have accomplished them. The first objective that I meet is to apply what I learn in the course to real life. As of now I still do not have entrepreneurial experiences, however I try to apply the theories that I learn in simple daily live activity. For example, when I buy a cup of coffee, I realize it’s under market penetration based on Ansoff matrix, and then I will wonder by myself the things that can be done to the coffee if we want to use market development strategy.

The second objective that I made is to be able to have a quick preparation for an assignment and yet still deliver the message well. I realize over the time, the continuous in-class presentation has helped me to achieve this goal as it prepared me to work efficiently with my team members. The first time we were asked to make a presentation within 45 minutes, I was quite surprised, especially with the people I just know. However at the end of the course, we can pull our presentations quite well and receive a decent mark for each of the presentation that we did by dividing the job equally. This shows that I can overcome the challenges that I am going to face, let it be at SMU or in the distant future by working in team because there will be times when working individually will not get the task done on time and two thinking heads will be better than just one.

I realize that it is going to be like this in the future where I do not know the people I am going to work with and how each assignment will need to be done in a short period of time. I also realize the reason why we cannot go over the score 90 might be related due to the fact that what we presented might not be such a “new information” as the other groups or class might have presented it. This fact actually relates back to “innovation” per say as in the future when almost everything is invented, it will be even more challenging for my generation to find and present something new.

The third objective that I have is to enjoy TWC class. I really did. I have never been in a class where everyone is so excited to present and participate in the class. This motivates me to class part and share with my class too. However, there are times when the things I want to say will be said by the others. This makes me realize that I have to be quick in picking things up. Therefore not only in TWC class, but in other classes as well, I try to have two-three answers in my mind before participating in class. Not only that, my group plays quite a part for me to enjoy this class. I am really thankful for my group mates who always remind each other of the task that we need to do and the fact that we face all the problems together

One of the greatest takeaways that I have from this class is to have the entrepreneurs to share their stories with us. I believe their experiences are very valuable as it’s quite rare for entrepreneurs to share their difficult phase. All of their stories inspire me in the way that “it’s okay to fail” and “there’s nothing that is stable as everything can go wrong at any time”. The second real- life lesson that really interests me is when prof said “to ask humbly”, I find this phrase really meaningful because when we ask the entrepreneurs for interview and all we did was to ask humbly as prof said “they do not have the obligation to help us.” I would like to keep the mind-set that no one is obliged to help me so that I have to fight for myself in the future. Lastly, I would like to thank Prof Pamela Lim and my group mates for the fun journey in TWC.
















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TWC-2012/13Term2-Zheng Boyang

by Zheng Boyang
(Singapore Management University)

My TWC journey has come to an end, but I realise that my journey of entrepreneurship has just started. Over the past 4 months, TWC classes have been a genuine enjoyment that enriched me in various ways.

What I would like to say most impressive about TWC course is the highly-interactive learning environment. The pace is fast; but the skills learned are priceless. There are definitely a lot to be learned with regards to finishing the task well under constraint and delivery decent results (i.e. group projects and class presentations). I would expect the challenges outside classroom to be even greater, but I feel that TWC classes prepare me well for the future endeavours.

In terms of content, it was the first time that I realised that entrepreneurship in the realm of technology can be studied, analysed and actually learned. Never before had I thought that there were so many concrete and solid theories about the process of innovation, and never before had I so made sense of the technopreneur's world. It is not by pure luck. It is a healthy blend of hardwork, brilliance and mental acumen, and of course, chance. I am certain that what I've learned during the course of TWC class will aid me in my future endeavours, be it entrepreneurial or otherwise, because entrepreneurship is the most beautiful and intelligently invigorating process in the world of creation.

Thank you Prof Lim and Beng How, for being so kind throughout this course, and thank you for making my TWC experiences so great -- because for me, it is definitely a mental breakthrough and paradigm shift.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Deanne Tan

by Deanne Tan
(Singapore)

I entered this course rather skeptical regarding the possible things I could take away from this course. To be honest I wasn't very much technologically savvy, and the name of the course frightened me since it was rather ominous sounding. So I set small goals for myself, mainly the lessons I wanted to get out of this course was just to learn how to think on my feet and present without fear in front of the class. Thankfully this class gave me exactly what I needed, and more.

One thing I really loved about this course was the style of learning integrated into our classes. There were many breakout sessions that facilitated student-student learning, which I felt was way more productive than lecturing the whole of 3 hours. Also, we were given the freedom to present what we wanted, and this was a great opportunity to study what we had interests in, rather than having boundaries in our syllabus. Also, the weekly presentations showed us how technology is everywhere, and how it is something that is very much relevant outside the classrooms.

One thing I have definitely learnt in this course is how to think and present on my feet, which granted, has nothing to do with our syllabus, but is so much more valuable than i thought it would be.The weekly presentations were an excellent segment that reflects working reality, and I loved the fact that this course prepared me for the future.

One small takeaway would be from the Twc guest seminar, where I listened to various speakers outlining the basis of having a successful enterprise. Also, I learnt that being an entrepreneur has it's fair share of challenges, and I admired every entrepreneur in that room for forging on through the tough times and picking themselves up.

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TWC-2012/13Term2 - Nigel Ng

At the beginning of this term, I was dreading coming to school so early on a Tuesday morning for TWC classes, and honestly did not know nor expect much out of TWC, expecting it to be somewhat of a general knowledge course.

After a week or two, the Problem Based Learning method which Professor Pamela Lim used proved to be really effective for us as it gave students the opportunity to learn from problems in groups through the weekly breakout sessions and in class presentations. This really honed all of our presentation skills which is essential in SMU. Moreover, through in depth research and heated discussion with group mates, I was able to learn a lot more about TWC than I would have through lectures alone. For this reason, I applaud Professor Pamela Lim for her extensive effort in coming up with problems in a few minutes and adhering to such PBL approach of teaching.

I learnt about the various forms of entrepreneurship and what are some key essential factors in setting up my own business in the future. After the TWC conference with the 3 distinguished guest speakers, I learnt even more about setting up one's own business, that love is the way to go, that giving people a second chance is essential, and that treating your employees well is more important than striving for maximum profits, for after all, happy employees will lead to a happy work place, and a happy work place will almost definitely lead to increased productivity and profits.

I believe I have met the objectives I set out for myself, that of learning more about the different forms of technopreneurship as well as the innovation factors and theories which will prove to be very useful in my future endeavors. The greatest takeaway from this course would most definitely have to be Professor Pamela Lim's personal experiences and insights she shared with her classes during her seminars. These insights are very applicable and teach us more than what a normal textbook is able to teach us even though some might be controversial and out of the box but Prof really speaks her mind all the time.

As such, I really want to thank Professor Pamela Lim for this past course, this past 13 weeks of quenching our thirst for knowledge with wonderful insights into contemporary issues as well as honing our presentation and research skills which are 2 of the most important skill sets to have in a presentation filled SMU.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Tan Su Ee,Shirley

by Tan Su Ee,Shirley
(Singapore)


At the beginning of this course, I was rather lost about what to expect for this course. Judging from the module name “Technology and world change”,I was expecting it to be completely tech-y and geek-friendly.As for the in class discussions,i was expecting it to be dominated by those students using unfamiliar lingo which will be very boring.However,i was wrong!Under Prof Pam,TWC is conducted in a way where besides the theory part,we also get to hear her personal perspective and life lessons.In fact,i learnt so many valuable life lessons that i could not have learnt from the textbook.

Back to the objectives I set for myself at the beginning of the course,I am proud to say I met all the 3 objectives.

Firstly, I have a better understanding of the various ways technology has developed and how it influences the world. Whenever I am free, I will go to the online forum to read and I get to learn so many insights from my fellow peers taking this course. They let me see the other side of things and I learnt to be more flexible as there is always 2 sides to things.

Secondly, I will say I am more outspoken compared to the past. As we have break-out session whereby we have to research about a certain topic to present, I trained myself to speak up in front of the whole class. I used to find it strange and intimidated when a whole class of 40 over pairs of eyes looking at me. But now, I don’t feel it in this way. I find that it is so meaningful standing in front of the class to share your knowledge with them.

Thirdly, in term of team cohesiveness, this is by far my biggest team so far, with 8 people from different school. Everyone work well with one another, contributing in one way or another. We learnt to complement one another’s strengths and help one another out in their weaknesses too.

Towards the last few weeks of the lesson, the focus is more towards entrepreneurs and we have our guest seminar. I will say the guest seminar really let me learnt a lot as the guest speakers imparted us with their wisdom and valuable experiences in their path of entrepreneurship.

And coincidentally my cousin,who is only 15,and she is already setting up a virtual store selling squishies. I was rather shocked when she told me that she actually create her own website,take care of the accounts,source for suppliers, mail out items etc.
I am actually rather ashamed of myself.Since 18,I wanted to start up an online clothing blogshop but always put that plan aside. I realized all along,I have the connection because i always frequent a supplier whereby her prices are relatively low.Hence,after the guest seminar,I decided not to put this plan aside anymore.In this upcoming summer break,I intend to bring in some stock and test the market to see if the response is good.

Overall,I am glad that SMU offers TWC as a core module and I really enjoy listening to Prof Pamela sharing her experiences in class. It is by far my most interesting module this semester and I don’t dread going to class for a 830am lesson on Monday.NO MONDAY BLUES!

Last but not least, I would like to thank prof Pamela once again for her valuable and unreserved sharing.

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-See Ting Chun

by See Ting Chun

My Group! :D

My Group! :D

I enjoyed every class that Professor Pamela has taught and it has been a great and wonderful learning experience for me. One of the takeaways is that I have made many good friends in this class and I really think that all the projects/in-class discussions do help in developing strong bonds and chemistry between team mates. Also, I realized that my project group consists of people from diverse background and nationality which I think it is a good combination as many of us come from different faculty.

Besides doing presentations, my group had chosen a special "project" for the final component for the course and that is taking up the Emcee role and operation for the Guest Seminar. We were graded by the content of the script and the speed we have taken to edit and upload the videos of the seminar. I feel that this project is special because it gave everyone a new role to take up. While team work is important, it is also important that our group coordinates with other groups that are taking up different roles such as the Operation team. Not only did I gain precious experience in organizing this seminar, I have also made many new friends. Even though teams that were not responsible for the Operation side, everyone still made the effort to ensure that "no man is left behind" by helping to clear up the rubbish in auditorium and the refreshment area and also moving back the logistic items back to the original place. What I want to emphasize here is that we should not have a selfish attitude. Also, I have built up more confidence and self-esteem by taking the role as Emcee. It wasn't an easy job for me because I am a very extreme introvert and I do not have confidence when speaking in front of so many people. I would like to thank my group mates for the endless encouragement and support in helping me to overcome my fear, or rather, stage fright. I had a memorable night and this precious experience will be one of my motivation to work harder and overcome fear in presenting to a large crowd.

Moving on to the teaching style that Prof Pamela has adopted, I really like the way she teaches and plans for the lessons. Even though workload is heavy for the first term of the semester, it gets lesser for the second term and it helps us to balance the overall workload from all the modules. Also, the break-out session for the in-class discussion is good because it makes us improve the impromptu skills such as presentation and working under a tight schedule. It also helps us to plan and allocate work evenly so that everyone is working effectively and work together to achieve the goal.

Lastly, I would like to thank Prof Pamela for the sharing her wealth of knowledge and experiences (even during outside class). I truly enjoyed all the lessons and I hope to be in her class again.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Simon Neo Wei Cheng


Prior to the course of Technology & World Change, i only had a brief idea as to how technology affected our lives; social media, mobile phones & electronics. One of my objective was to develop a better understanding as to how technology affects our lives from a broader point of view, its influence on us and the consequences that follows.

I believe that the teachings in the course has helped me to achieve the objective mentioned, there were several theories which i found relevant and applicable to daily life such as the long wave cycle where an innovation's cycle is in four phases, explaining how product innovations is eventually phased out once it reaches its potential & limitations and how new innovations or discoveries are made to form the start of a new wave cycle.

I can definitely relate this to my surroundings such as the television, in the past, it was made with cathode-ray tubes but, there's only a limit as to how much it can be utilised to maximise its potential. This would lead to a stagnation and forces a way for new innovations to take place in order for there to be continuing profitability for companies & improvements for consumers, this eventually led to the Liquid Crystal Display that is common in current context.

Subsequently, the course allowed me to learn more about technopreneurs. Having interviewed Professor Ting together with my group, i had a better understanding of the difficulties faced in sourcing for funds and the considerations one has to make in getting a start-up, your team dynamics, business plans and the need to differentiate your product/service from the market. It is never easy to commercialise an idea into a product ready for the market, the channels to go through makes it difficult for any aspiring technopreneur.

Having mentioned how technology helps us to understand the happenings around us, there is a limit in the role technology can play to make the world a better place. Eventually, it is down to the individual, how he/she decides to play his/her part in this world. Entrepreneurship clearly demonstrates this fact.

The guest seminar has taught me that the entrepreneurial spirit is not one where profits or money is everything there is. Having listened to Mr. Patrick Liew's speech, the key takeaway is to be selfless. To think how you can be of value to others and essentially, give without expecting any in return. There are many successful individuals out there but only a few are humble enough to give back what they take. They make it a point to see how they can help change others in their capacity as an entrepreneur. What's most important is not how much money you'll make in this lifetime but, the footprints you leave behind for others to follow.

Honestly, having looked at the seminar's guests. Most have experienced failures before they had their success today. I believe to be successful, one should not be afraid of stepping out of your comfort zone, well i guess if its not difficult, everyone would have been successful. Once you are out of your comfort zone, you will have no choice but to fight hard to win the race. I believe in this context, an entrepreneur can make a right or wrong decision but a good entrepreneur is one who makes his/her decision right. To never give up in the face of adversity and pursue what you believe in, this is a trademark of any successful entrepreneur.

In all, i appreciate the take-aways i had from the course and would like to express my thanks to Professor Pamela, my group members and my classmates for making my Technology & World Change journey a very fruitful one. Thank you!

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TWC-2012/2013 Term 2-Hector Sim

TWC has been an intereting module for me. Prof Pamela has been a wonderful prof who imparted to us knowledge about technology and innovation. The problem based learning methodology she uses made us learned more about the subject, and it made us understand better the concepts of innovation. She also pushed us further to explore topics which are queer, things which we did not know about and why they were done that why. All these experiences, made me realize the thirst of knowledge, not on the things we learn in class, but things outside the classroom as well.

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TWC - 2012/2013 Term2 - Shane Goh

by Goh Ghee Gin Shane
(Singapore)

Technology and World Change. A rather extravagant title to a course, in my opinion. Will we really examine the impact of Technology on the world? How it affects the very way we conduct our social lives, how it impacts the way we do business? In fact, we did, but not explicitly at first glance.

We went into Innovation and it's many forms and definitions. How do we define something that is, in its' very essence, serendipity, or chance? (I love that word: Serendipity. Never had a chance to use it before TWC) We explored the different definitions, the different forms of innovations, and an important concept repeated over and over again throughout the course was this: Innovation isn't simply an invention, but it's all about value creation and value capture.

Value creation. We learned how different innovations come to be, what are the conditions where innovative thoughts can flourish. How did they identify needs and inefficiencies? Who are the ones who were in a position to see? We often taught ourselves these very concepts, with the Prof constantly encouraging us to prepare for presentations and cover thoughts and concepts brought across in the textbook. She would hardly teach us at all when we could very well do the learning on our own, and her part in the course was to supplement or correct the knowledge we had gained over the lesson.

Value Capture. We learned the different models of commercialization, the challenges of innovators and how they receive funding to carry out their commercialization plans and schemes. We learned of "Angel Investors", Direct Investment Firms, among many other options that are available. And it was refreshing to hear of the many ways entrepreneurs, innovators in their own right, managed to pick themselves up and continue with their own businesses through the Seminar I had the privilege to be a part of.

But in learning of Value Creation and Value Capture, we discovered just how much the business world has evolved due to technology. The Internet and the rise of personal computers is a powerful movement that changed the very fabric of society and how we interact with one another. Entire business strategies become obsolete while new strategies are born, and it is truly staggering to behold just how much we have come to rely on these tools in our everyday lives. The lessons seem to point in one direction: If you don't keep up with the times and changing technologies, you're dead. Fortunately, we studied technology trends such as the Technology S-Curve, so the future isn't nearly as bleak as we could imagine it to be. We simply need to innovate and move with the times.

I was a part of the Food committee for the seminar, and if there was ever a chance to test our innovative capabilities, it came through a daunting task: Provide food for over 400 people with only $200 of budget. In spite of our initial disbelief at the task at hand, our group managed to overcome the insurmountable odds (seriously, $200?!) and provided more than enough food for the seminar with left-overs to show for it! The process showed me that in a group, everyone has something they can contribute, and no detail is too small to be overlooked. Even the title of your emails when you request for sponsorship can make a huge difference

Innovation, Value Creation, Value Capture, Technology Patterns, and so many other concepts and lessons besides, even the chance to help with the organization of a seminar! TWC has been a truly great course to introduce me to so many new things, cool group-mates, and a greater appreciation of technology and how it has shaped our lives.

END OF REFLECTION
And to any students who read through this:
1. Wow, you're committed, that's a lot of text to get through
2. GOOD LUCK FOR THE FINALS AND THE REST OF YOUR LIFE! (and your summer holidays too! ^_^)

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TWC - 2012/2013 Term 2 - Lim Hui Qi

by Lim Hui Qi

My awesome group!

My awesome group!

One of my main objectives that I set for myself was to be able to see things from a different perspective and gain a greater understanding of the technology-dominated world. And indeed, with the knowledge on how technological change occurs, the various types of innovations and the different theories of innovation, I can better understand how the technology industry works. Illustrations and examples of real-life innovations or innovators helped me to better understand how technology works and how it impacts our economy. For example, learning about the difficulties faced by technical entrepreneurs did give me an eye opener as to the actual hardships faced in start-ups. With the group projects and case studies we have done, I was able to learn more how technological innovations revolutionised the world. I had also hope to gain practical information and skills from this course which I did. The in-class presentations and active class participation style of learning trains me to think on my feet and conduct my own research in order to understand the topic at hand better.

Learning in TWC class is especially fun and not at all boring. I believe that the in-class presentations may be the differentiating factor between this class and other classes that I have taken. The in-class presentations had allowed me to voice my difficulties in understanding with my group and allowed me to resolve these difficulties through discussions and research. This active learning style has improved my analytical skills and I can better internalise and remember what I learn during the seminar.

Generally, this TWC journey has been a memorable one where I made many friends through the randomise groupings and it has filled me with more knowledge and information about the technology-dominated world with all the case studies and examples illustrated in class. I find that I particularly enjoyed the second group project where we had to do a case study on successful technical entrepreneurs. It was great having the opportunity to speak to an actual entrepreneur and not merely understand the life of an entrepreneur through the information we gleam online or through classes. I would like to point out that because of the randomise groupings, it has taught me to better work with group mates that I am not familiar with. Through that, I find that I am better equipped with interpersonal skills and I can get to know the different opinions that each of my group-mates have. Although it was hard to coordinate with an unfamiliar group initially, we managed to pull through and now I made 6 more friends that I may not have if I stuck to a group with familiar friends.

Although class participation is rather scary, especially during question and answer sessions, I must say that it has pushed me to better formulate my answers on the spot. This is something really useful not just for future modules but also in the workplace where we must be quick to defend our point.

Overall, I would like to thank Professor Pamela Lim for making this module interesting for me and helping all of us learn enjoyably. I find this learning style useful, interactive and I hope that everyone did benefit from this course as much as I did - not just in knowledge but in experience!(:

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Chua Min Fang

Looking back on my first journal for TWC, my objectives were to 1. learn and take in useful knowledge about innovation to be able to apply them to future use; and 2. To participate in class more.

I think I’ve met these two objectives pretty well over the 13 weeks in this course. We’ve covered various aspects of innovation, the processes surrounding it as well as the people and things required for it. We’ve studied real-life problems and real, successful people, so it was interesting to apply classroom concepts to these things.

As for class participation, it was difficult in the beginning but I forced myself to do it anyway. It wasn’t easy with the many hands that came up at every available moment, but I pride myself in taking the initiative to do it anyway. And I think this one can be considered fulfilled as well.

There was a heavy emphasis on self-driven learning and taking in lessons and experiences from my peers in this course as well. Throughout the various in-class and group presentations I’ve both prepared and listened to, I’ve learnt the important skill of being able to put together a complete presentation and being ready to present it in a short time; as well as seeing things from a different perspective, learning from my classmates who probably view the knowledge in the same way I do (which makes it more relatable and easier to understand).

We’ve applied the theories we learnt from the textbook to all sorts of real-life areas in class, and I think that’s the most valuable part of this course. Textbook knowledge is easily accessible and conveniently found everywhere, but it’s the application and understanding that results from it that is significant. The presentation questions usually involve some form of research on a topic, history or company that exists in real life, and we use them to answer questions and show examples of the textbook theories. Even the guest seminar and interview with a technical entrepreneur were opportunities for us to look at innovation and entrepreneurship with brand new perspectives.

TWC was a course where I learnt interesting and valuable information and skills. I believe that the knowledge and values that I picked up during this time will continue to remain with me.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Soh Kay Yan, Brenda

During the first lesson, I got a shock when we were made to do a break-out session and immediately present it afterwards. At that moment, I was afraid of what I was in for. But after a few sessions, I began to appreciate these break-out sessions. I can now understand why Prof chose to use such a pedagogy as the content for the TWC module can be very dry if it was done in a traditional lecture style.

I remember setting an objective of communicating better with others during group work, and I think I have at least made some achievement in this aspect. For this module, I was forced to come out of my comfort zone since every single lesson involved group work. Week by week, I could see the improvement we made as a group as we started to develop our group chemistry and communication between members. We were no longer like the same lost sheep we were in the first session.

The intensive class-participation was also one of the challenges I faced as I am not very outspoken. I had set an objective to participate actively and while I have not reached the level of spontaneous participation in class every week. This module is actually one of those where I at least try harder to participate.

Course content wise, I have to admit that initially I had not expected such a heavy load. “How much content could innovation and technology have?” I thought. I was proven wrong with the numerous theories and case applications. The interview with the technical entrepreneur also gave me an insight into the entrepreneurship world and I now realise how difficult it can be for entrepreneurs, and how much passion entrepreneurs have that they can give up a comfortable paying job to venture into a job where they might not receive any returns. The guest seminar was also one of the highlights of my TWC journey and I really enjoyed listening to the guest speakers speak about how they overcame failures and persevered on.

One key takeaway that I got from this class is to learn how to think for myself. I remember vividly the class about the aliens and impressive unexplained structures in the world. Majority of the groups presenting did not believe in any of the topics presented. But why? Simply because we were taught from young that they are false? The lesson really struck me and got me to think more about things and challenge myself rather than just accepting everything as it is. I believe that this life lesson will be of value to me whether in the present or in the future.

All in all, this class is unlike any other module that I have taken before and I will definitely remember the interactive pedagogy and life lessons that Prof taught us. Thank you Prof and the TAs for taking us through the TWC module. :)

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TWC - 2012/13 Term 2 - Elaine Ng Yee Leng

by Elaine Ng
(SMU)


Technology...?

Before this course, all I knew about technology is that "The word technology refers to the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, and methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function."
(== Wikipedia ==)

Through this course, not only have I understood technology in terms of theory wise whereby we learnt all the Technology S curve and etc, or even as simple as the difference between innovation and invention (which has never come across my mind before this course! Like, I know there is a difference but I never really thought what the difference really is!). I have also learnt a lot from the guest speakers during the guest seminar, such as every business is a people business and we should treat human as human, not merely resources that we can make use of. And like what the guest speaker, Ms Nanz Chong, has said, "I failed. So what?". You aren't a failure just because you have had failures before. Going through these failures, falling and standing back up again is what makes a winner.

Weekly in class presentations also challenged me to think quick within the short 30 mins break to come up with the required content and the theories to support these contents. Problem-based learning is very useful and effective in triggering my thinking as we get exposed to many questions weekly. Those questions really pushed me to think deeper and allowed me to get to know more real life examples such as the intellectual property issue in the case of X-IT instead of just going through theories every lesson.

I have also learnt a lot from Mdm Pranoti, the founder of Zimplistic, through an interview we had with her for our case study. From her, I understood some of the difficulties an entrepreneurship has to face, especially in the funding aspect. And that it takes a lot of passion and motivation from oneself to be able to overcome all the obstacles and eventually have a successful career as an entrepreneur. Not only so, she has also taught us how to bootstrap her funds through using creative ways of acquiring funds or saving funds, like how she did her first patent draft all by herself instead of spending money going to a law firm.

All in all, I have learnt a lot from this course and I am sure the knowledge learnt, and questions raised in class will help me a lot in my future.

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TWC-2012/2013 Term2 - Richard Goh

by Richard Goh
(Malaysia)

Technology and World Change (TWC) can be deceiving by the name itself. Initially, my thoughts about TWC is a module regarding how technology can affect the world. How naive i am to think this simply. It was something beyond what i could expect, in fact it was much more than technology itself. Yes, we did learnt about what is technology, what is innovation, how innovation involve, the process of innovation and even how we can manage our innovation etc.. But isn't it facinating ? Everyone can be innovative, they can innovate a product of their own, but how can we prevent others from stealing our ideas ? This is where the intellectual property comes in. So many interesting and valuable resources were taught in this module. If you have a very good innovation, but you don't have money to manufacture it, you can source for available funding.

I remembered in one of the class session, Prof. Pamela Lim gave us a break out discussion questions regarding Ancient Alien. I wondered for a moment, thinking how can Ancient Alien: bermuda triangle, UFOs, Egyptian pyramid etc.. These were somehow related to technology too !

My brief objectives in the beginning were to have an in-depth understanding about technology and how it can affect us. Also to be more proactive in class. Somehow i have met the first objective of mine. Whereas the second objective seem to be a little bit tougher because of the classroom environment. Well, that doesn't discourage myself. TWC also promotes in-class presentation, group presentation, case study presentation and even interviews with technical entreprenuer. Yes! it may seem like TWC have so many things to do, but it was the exposure and experience that we can gain from there. From the in class presentations, I have learnt to better manage my time properly because the time given for us were too short to research a topic. Everything were so rush and we still manage to get to the point and then present to the class. On the contrary, interviewing technical entreprenuer allows us to have exposure to how entreprenuers think and do. What motivates them to start up, what challenges they faced etc... It was insightful having to listen to the hardship and pain these entreprenuers have to go through.

From the guest seminar, the speeches from 3 entreprenuers are very meaningful. How they can success after numerous failures, what methods they used etc.. It was very meaningful and inspiring to motivate me to look into entreprenuership as a goal.

Last but not least, I truly and deeply enjoyed attending TWC lessons. Thank you Prof. Pamela and TAs for making the class a comfortable one.

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TWC-2012/2013-TERM 2- SACHIN AGARWALA G17

by Sachin Agarwala
(Singapore)



To be very honest when I was starting of with my course I did not really know what to expect. I just knew that I am taking TWC because it s a university core compulsory module. My friends who had taken TWC in their first semesters did not exactly give me glowing reviews about this course with adjectives ranging from monotonous to impractical. But while we are at being honest let me say that I actually had a fun time in my TWC module. My learning process started from the very first class when prof talked to us about the difference between an innovation and invention. That class was more like an eye opener for me. It introduced me to the world of my ignorance. After that class it was just an uphill journey. Prof’s explanations and innovative teaching style was extremely helpful. Prof Lim was the first I have seen who believes in learning by teaching and exercises it with such effectiveness. When prof told us about the different kinds of innovation I remember that for a month after that whenever I saw any new product, the word product used in an extremely loose manner, I tried to categorize it into the kind of innovation it was. At points it got really irritating for my friends but I was really proud of my new found knowledge and some of my friends even told me that they wished they had my prof as their prof. I was really able to relate with the technology curve as it mirrored the rise and fall and the re-rise of the apple empire. I found it funny how true these simple concepts were to our ever changing and extremely complex society. It made me reflect on the complexness of our society as well. I started thinking if our society is really that complicated or is it just our thinking that makes it complicated. My general knowledge about patents, trademarks, and copyrights also increased. I became more informed about the technological aspect of our current world. The research needed for the in-class presentation taught me a lot. And I am happy to conclude that my TWC module will remain one of those modules that will foever remain with me even after I graduate.

When I started off with the TWC course and Prof Lim introduced us to her achievements I was really impressed and thankful that a successful entrepreneur is going to teach us the ropes of being an entrepreneur. The guest lecture organized by the Prof was an eye opener for me. I always thought that to be successful one needs to ‘rule with an iron fist’ but I could not have been any more wrong. In the guest lecture the entrepreneur Patrick Liew showed us that to be really successful one needs to work with love and not with brute authority. Ms Nanz showed me not to be scared of taking risks and failing. I was really inspired by her life story. I have always been scared of failing and being judged but I understood that failing is not a problem but being so discouraged by that failure that we stop trying is the real failure. Later on in my life I will be taking over my dad’s company and found that some of the principles taught in the course are really practical and will help me in my entrepreneurial journey especially the technological curve, the intellectual property issues and the general concepts of technology.

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TWC-2011/12Term2-Nur Aziemah Mohd Razid

by Nur Aziemah Mohd Razid
(Singapore)

At the beginning, I didnt really expect to learn much because I thought technology world change to be similar to Geography. In many ways, it was similar to the things that I've learnt in JC about Globalisation and Technology.

Yet, TWC was really an eye opener. We covered areas that I would have never thought about like the origins of paper and unique features worldwide - I.e. the Golden Ratio and mummies. It was really interesting and it gave me quite a refreshing perspective on technology that our generation is so used to today.

Additionally, the many in class presentations exposed me to practical everyday things that we have around us that I never really took note of such as the non conventional copyright laws that we could look to. Also things like the how our vaccines worked and realistically, how we use it today.

The journey that Ive taken in TWC was also a unique experience courtesy of Prof. I would never have expected such a comfortable environment where we don't really worry about our results and such but more of just enjoying the process. She also made things quite simple to understand and overall, it was a really enjoyable module.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-Sang Bo

by Sang Bo
(Singapore)

Before I took this course, I only thought TWC was aimed to tell us something about technology or natural science knowledge. However, now when I sit here and recall my experiences in this course, I really appreciate to have such amazing journey this term. I still remember my previous goals, which are focusing in class, cooperating well with group mates, and gain a different and comprehensive perspective about technology and its influence. Indeed, I think I have achieved these goals and have met my previous expectations. Of course, it is impossible to achieve these goals only by myself. I think the interactive and open class atmosphere, inspiring personal experiences provided by prof Pamela, and guest seminar or in-class case studies that I have never experienced before, have really made this course interesting and meaningful. I am glad that I have leant not only knowledge, but also skills from this amazing journey.

I have learnt that innovation is not just an invention from this course, while commercialization is very important. Before, I always thought innovation was just something to do with science. Once people got great ideas, they would succeed in this area. Therefore, I think this course has told me some basic knowledge related to technology. Also, in class prof let us search and discuss about some innovations’ background, from where I learnt the progress and requirements for innovations impressively and my horizon was also broaden. What’s more, I also learnt some basic knowledge such as types of innovation, different theories of innovation, or sources of innovation. I think this knowledge is useful because only if we understand it, can we have the chance to make our own innovations.

Besides gaining a new perspective from class content, I also learnt a lot of fresh ideas and knowledge by participating actively in forum page. Sometimes I need to search relevant websites or latest newspapers to find some new innovations or ideas. I think it’s always beneficial for us if we can share with others our thoughts freely. By posting my own comments or replying other people’s views, I think it is a great approach for me to study by learning things in daily life and applying it to the knowledge in textbook.

Furthermore, I gained a great opportunity to cooperate with teammates by helping organize the guest seminar. As for our own group, we mainly help do the decoration, facilitation or other preparations. I think it's also a great experience for me as it's the first time I truly know what the pre-seminar work is like. I think such cooperation with other group members is not the same with former discussions, it's actually a better way for us to communicate and know each other better. From this experience, I realize the importance of various skills used in future work. In modern society, especially for majors related to business, it's crucial for us to possess not only the knowledge, but also the soft skill. Not only I gained such skills as one of the organizer, but also it is a great opportunity for me to listen to entrepreneurs’ talk as I’ve found it both encouraging and instructive. Three guests are all successful entrepreneurs with persistent and inspiring spirits as well as easy-going and kind personalities, whom I respect and admire a lot. I still remember Ms. Chong’s words, “ I failed, so what”. It is true that trying and failing is better for us than never trying in our lives. We should learn how to overcome the failure. I found it quite important as everyone has great potential and we should not underestimate our own capabilities.

What’s more, my presentation skill is also enhanced thanks to the in-class presentation. I think it is a great idea to quickly search information and discuss with group mates, and then go on the stage to do a 5-minute-presentation. I think such exercise can truly enhance our oral presentation skill and also our work efficiency. I still remembered I was nervous and could not organize my words well at first, but gradually, I got used to it and gained more confidence.

Overall, I think this journey is truly an amazing one. I did not expect that I would gain so much knowledge and skills from this course, prof Pamela, as well as my awesome group mates. I really appreciate this precious experience☺

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TWC 2012/2013 Term 2 Kimberly Tan

by Kimberly Tan Jing Hui

I remember I had 3 objectives:

1) To truly benefit from the course by gaining a deeper comprehension and a wider scope of knowledge of the impact of technology on world change.

I think I have truly benefited from this course. The theories put forth by many were explained to us during the class by prof and my fellow classmates. The technology S curve, for example, highlights how nothing is permanent and change is constant- something that is quintessential both in reality and in the technological industry.

Prof’s problem-based teaching and our concomitant problem based learning has been effective and I have can easily recall what we did in class as we scrambled to do up presentation slides during the time in class.

2) To acquire skills and knowledge of how the world has changed accordingly to the advent of new technology, and what we can do to bring about more change with the current technology and innovations that we have.

During the case study which my group did with a technopreneur, we did learn a lot from him, and I am now aware of how we can capitalize on the information available to bring about increased productivity and improvements to our world. Principles of Fordism and scientific management have shed light on how and why we do things the way we do today, and I can now draw better links between past and present, technology and the future.

3) To work well with my groupmates in this course

Despite the huge group size, I think we managed to work quite well and we did split the work equally. I enjoyed working with them and I am glad that we managed to make the most out of this course.

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TWC-2012/13Term2 - Quek Yuan Yi

To be frank, I can't really remember what objectives I have set for this module but nonetheless I have benefited greatly throughout the entire course.

Firstly, presentations made by Professor Pamela and our fellow classmates have given me a better perspective on innovations in all its form and also the impacts of technologies in today's context. For example, I have a clearly idea on the different theories of innovation and their importance so that we could learn from past mistakes and predict future actions to enhance success. Also, the in-class discussion has been effective for me as it allows us to apply what we have learnt in class to real life cases without being spoon-fed. The researches for in-class discussion definitely enhance better understanding for a certain topic and encourage independent learning.

On top of that, the greatest takeaway was the guest seminar that I have attended, which has truly inspired me. Not only did I learnt about how technology is relevant to businesses of today, I have also gain some insights from the entrepreneur’s success stories. For instance, I have to learn to step out of my comfort zone and embrace failure .Overcoming the fear of failure and discouragements are surest the stepping stones to success. Furthermore, the entrepreneurs also provide advices on internal and external start-up issues such as loving your employees and showing respect for them, not compromising their integrity for short term monetary gain and more. Their passionate speeches really make me ponder on certain major career and life decisions.

Lastly, this module allows me to work with different people of different schools and backgrounds. It was really enjoyable working and teasing with one another despite the large group size. I can still vividly remember the times our group interviewed a technopreneur and film epic videos with lots of NG scenes for our second project! Hence, I would like to say a BIG THANK YOU to Professor Pamela,TAs and my fellow classmates for making TWC a fun and memorable experience. 

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TWC-2012/13 Term2-Connie Ong

by Connie Ong
(Singapore)

Group mates :)

Group mates :)

My objectives for this course were to understand more about how technology impacted the society and our lives and also to know how people go about the process of innovation and their motivation behind them.

Definitely after the 13 weeks of lessons, through learning the concepts about sources of innovation/innovation process.. not just only through the textbook but mainly through the in-class discussion presentations, I was able to better understand the concepts as they are applied to real life case studies that Prof would assign to each group to research about. One lessons that was particularly interesting was the one that we were tasked to find out if aliens/mermaids etc. existed. The lesson allowed me to be more critical of the information presented to us, and evaluate them carefully to see if they were true or not. I also learnt not to take what I read from textbooks as 100% correct-especially when it comes to things like mythical creatures/aliens/pyramids-just because we do not have scientific evidence to explain how all these things work does not mean that they do not exist.

Also through the guest seminar, I was able to hear for myself from entrepreneurs their experience in starting up a business and how their resilience allowed them to pull through the journey which gave them the success they have today. Also, as Prof was a entrepreneur as well she used some of her personal stories to explain the concepts we learn from our textbook, which made our understanding of them clearer. I now know that being a successful entrepreneur is not just that of having a good business idea, but much resilience and determination is required for the entrepreneur to go through the process of setting up a business.

Other than that, one of my objectives was to be able to work well with my group mates to do the assigned tasks each session. My group was tasked to look for food sponsorship for the guest seminar. I felt that we worked really well together, from splitting up the tasks and coordinated with each other especially on the actual day-transporting the food from the different areas all over Singapore and then displaying them out for the guests. I am really thankful not just for my group but also the group in charge of logistics for all the help they have rendered us. Through this activity, I was able to experience first-hand the importance of team work and cooperation.


Lastly, being rather introverted, I was thankful for the forum that Prof set up to allow students to contribute their ideas online. This has allowed me to have more in depth discussions with my peers from my class on the application of concepts that we learnt in class.

This TWC module stands out as it does not involve just the reading of textbook but actual hands-on learning, whereby we get to discuss in groups, interact with others in order to look for the information we needed. All-in-all, it was a great experience.

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TWC-2012/2013-Term2-Rachael Chong

by Rachael Chong

Last day of class :)

Last day of class :)

Last day of class :)
After our very first presentation!

To be honest, I thoroughly enjoyed this semester of TWC.

On the very first lesson, I stepped into class, not knowing anyone at all. I was a little terrified since I seldom had the opportunity to mix with people outside my faculty and furthermore TWC was the very first lesson that I knew absolutely no one in the class. However, my worries soon disappeared.

I remember Prof Pamela saying on the very first lesson that a majority of students in her previous classes forged really strong bonds with their teammates and I'm glad to say I belong in that majority. Having worked hard together, even to the extent of meeting on Sundays and having pizza during meetings has brought my group closer together, and that is something I am truly thankful for.

This is the first time I heard of breakout sessions. It really helped us to improve our impromptu presentation skills and work together under a tight schedule of around an hour. It enabled us to put what we had read before the session to good use.

This was also the liveliest class that I've been to. Probably because everyone is not afraid to speak their mind and give suggestions or ask questions.

I think my favourite part of TWC this entire semester was the case study. We got to interview a technical entrepreneur and I felt that I learnt a lot from him. He shared all his past experiences and as cliche as it sounds, to "never give up." Even though I never ever saw myself as an entrepreneur, determination and this "never give up" motto is applicable to everyone, at every point of time in their lives. No matter what industry I eventually end up in, I will always remember these wise words.

Thank you Prof Pamela, TA and class for a wonderful and meaningful TWC class this semester. I'm truly grateful :)

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TWC-2011/12-Term2-Chia Kah Yi Cheryl

by By Cheryl Chia

I initially thought that this module, being called Technology and World Change, would teach us about how technology has changed the world. Although I am relatively interested in technology, I am not particularly attuned or good at utilising it. As such, I was quite worried about how I would fair in this course and expected it to be quite heavy and possibly even dry in terms of content.

Thankfully, it did not turn out to be that way. In this course, there was actually a fair amount of content focusing on technology, and another fair bit on entrepreneurship, plus how the two linked together. As I did not know much about entrepreneurship previously, it was definitely useful to have such a component in the module which focused on both the theoretical and practical aspects of entrepreneurs. For example, I was able to learn more about business strategies and antecedent factors and how they played a role in entrepreneurship and these served as the theoretical aspects. At the same time, since we were required to interview a technical entrepreneur for our case study, we were able to obtain practical advice from him as well.

One objective which I believe I set for myself was to see technology’s impacts on humans over time. What I learnt from this course was that it also works the other way round – humans are the ones who have resulted in technology’s evolvement over time. In the first few weeks of class, most of the students posted in the online forum on how it seemed to be humans’ needs and wants which were driving the innovation of various forms of technology. Since the presences of needs and wants means that there will be a market for the product, and the inventor is more likely to be able to market and commercialise it successfully, thereby earning profits from it.

At the same time, technology seems to have created a more convenient and yet more stressful life for humans. Convenience has increased as we are now able to do various everyday tasks more efficiently and with less hassle. Yet, since technology is now tied to our everyday lives, we are unable to separate ourselves from it. Many people start to bring their work to do at home and are expected to reply emails at all hours of the day. We are never really able to “turn off” our work, unlike previously when devices such as smartphones and laptops were not available.

From the guest seminar, I have also learnt the importance of not giving up despite failure, and to keep persisting in your dreams, as Ms. Nanz Chong-Komo mentioned. It is more important to recognise that you have failed and to learn from it than to be discouraged by a single failure. As the saying goes, Rome was not built in a day, and it takes time and effort as well as failures to be able to successfully start a business. Both Mr. Patrick Liew and Mr. Darren Ho also experienced their fair share of failures or near-failures, but have bounced back to become stronger and more resilient people.

Our professor, Professor Pamela Lim, also made the course more engaging by encouraging students to conduct their own presentations to facilitate in peer-learning. I agree that I paid more attention and probably learnt more this way through the interesting presentations than if a lecture-tutorial or class discussion method had been implemented. Also, the wide range of discussions in TWC also encouraged me to speak up for once as there weren’t really wrong answers and I need not be afraid of saying something wrong, as compared to other classes in which I normally participate less.
All in all, I really learnt a lot from TWC and find it more than worthwhile to have taken this module. =)

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TWC-2013/14 - Lim Jae Mie

by Lim Jae Mie
(Singapore)


When I first entered the seminar room on the 8th of January 2013 for my first Technology and World Change class, I can honestly say I did not expect much. It sounded to me very scientific and for some reason I expected a lot of text book readings. My first class was a morning class and I must have been half asleep dragging myself to school with my body and mind was on auto pilot.

The first half an hour or so of the class was spent on Prof Pamela introducing herself and dividing us into our respective groups. To my surprise and horror, there was to be an in class presentation on that very day itself. I am sure that I must have not been the only one who was thinking to themselves, “Presentation already?". Thankfully, she gave us ample time to get to know our group mates and discuss the problem she had given us.

As unexpected as the surprise presentation was, I think we all did a great job on the first presentation and later in the morning before class ended, she informed us on the following class's agenda, a cooking class to be conducted by one of the groups. After that first class, I knew my initial impressions of TWC were wrong especially with Prof Pamela as an instructor. I was still unsure of what to expect but kept my mind open for anything to come.

Over the next 12 weeks, I can honestly say TWC has been one of the most enjoyable courses in SMU. You might think in class presentations and case studies on a weekly basis sound like a heavy load but in this case it was a welcomed change in comparison to the other typical lectures in SMU. I did not expect TWC to be the place where I improved in learning to speak up but in fact it was. Prof Pamela always encouraged us to participate in class discussions and over the subsequent weeks, I must have increasingly class participated as I became more and more comfortable with speaking up even though I might be wrong and I cannot thank Prof Pamela enough for that.

The entrepreneurship forum was an eye opening experience and my biggest takeaway from that night was the importance of relationships with people when it comes to any form of business. After all, all businesses are dealt with other people and it was amazing to hear how the three speakers managed the various problems they came across.

I believe that by the end of the course, the best thing I have learnt is about the various forms of entrepreneurship and how failing in a start-up does not mark the end of our entrepreneurship aspirations. The key takeaway for me was also my improved speaking and presentation skills. I would like to take this opportunity to thank Prof Pamela for a fantastic 13 weeks and the insight it has provided all of us with and wish her all the best in the future.

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TWC- 2012/2013 Term 2 - Gene Phua Jing Hui

It felt kind of strange at first to do this year one university core module as a year two student. But I felt it was really a module worth doing. I was thoroughly enriched by what was covered in the course throughout the full thirteen weeks. I really learned a lot about innovation and actually how to go about actualizing and realizing innovation.

I did not expect there to be so many issues to be related to innovation such as intellectual property and different types of innovation models just to name a few. Apart from that, I felt that a huge draw of the class was due to prof Pam herself. Her passion for this course could be felt as she taught. She was really a great instructor and her teaching style made the lessons very enjoyable. In all, the course was really an eye opener for me on innovation.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-HuangHao

by HuangHao
(China)

Thanks for Professor Pamela Lim’s teaching. TWC class is quite a fantastic journey. I appreciate this course because it gives me the overall perspective of this world’s technological business and much general knowledge that helps me understand this world better. Before beginning this course, I took Business, Government and Society which concentrates on the role of governments in regulating the business. After that, I’m quite curious about how business runs and how business changes in this world because BGS just covers partial stuff. Professor Pamela Lim, with very successful entrepreneurship experience and very good speaking skills, shared her experience and her special views of the technological business that spark me to be interested in the world change. Before this course, I had many objectives like improve my speaking skills, knowing how entrepreneurs do their business and improve my analytical thinking in case studies. So far, in this journey, I finish all. Firstly, Professor prefers to use interactive teaching methods to help us learn better by sharing views with other classmates. In each class, we need to do in-class presentations about case study. It is quite challenge for me. As an International student, I have poor English speaking skills and I’m afraid to share my own opinions with classmates. But in-class presentations help me involve in new environment by sharing views with group mates and questioning other group presentations. Meanwhile, I have very nice group mates who always encourage me to do in-class presentations and correct my accent and give my suggestions on my presentation. Secondly, professor uses her real experience in entrepreneurship that gives me very impressive views on doing business. Actually, my father is an entrepreneur. I am quite interested in being entrepreneur because it is challengeable, risky and people need to use the entire source they have to do entrepreneurship which can represent people’s ability. But my father discouraged me to do that because he thought that it was a very hard road and it will sacrifice family time and health in doing that. After listening my father’s suggestions, I feel that I am not confident in doing entrepreneurship with poor ability in leadership. But Professor encouraged us with her hard but priceless entrepreneurial experience. Moreover, in order to provoke our interest and potential in starting a business, professor held a guest seminar and invited many successful entrepreneurs in Singapore to share their feelings and views on the tips in doing entrepreneurship. From this journey, I picked up my confidence and know the important tips in doing it like maintaining networking, being brave to challenge failures and learn from failures etc. What’s more, I found my advantages and disadvantages in doing entrepreneurship through this journey. For example, I found that I’m good at analyzing with fluent structure and creative thinking so in the future, I can deal with things with good strategies. But my disadvantages make me weak. For instance, I’m quite introvert to do networking and I’m lack of leadership. So they make me hard to apply my advantages. That’s the part I need to improve in my university life. Thirdly, I further improved my analytical skills by doing different cases. Professor set many case studies for us to discover the world. By analyzing cases and sharing ideas with my group mates then respond questions from classmates, I learn quite a lot in analyzing things from different perspectives and combining others’ views with my own view to develop more mature points. I hope I can utilize the knowledge I learn in class!

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TWC-2012/2013Term2-Khew Pei Xuan

Awesome group mates that made TWC enjoyable! :)

Awesome group mates that made TWC enjoyable! :)

As the term comes to end, this journal is apt in summing up and reflecting on what I have learnt for the past 13 weeks in TWC. Looking back at the goals, I have set back in week 1, I am glad to see that I was able to achieve most of them.

Before the start, I assumed that TWC would consist a lot of theory so I am glad that our TWC lessons is structured on the Problem Based Learning method, where we get the chance to present and do case studies, instead of merely learning off slides and the textbook. Although the textbook and slides are useful in learning about the theories of technology, too much of it can be rather dry. Thus, the mix of in-class presentations and slides by our Prof was really interesting. Through the numerous presentations, I was also able to gain more confidence in doing presentations and speaking up. Previously, I was always nervous and had to use a script, but the presentations have helped a lot. The class participation component helped as well.

Another takeaway from TWC would be the exposure to entrepreneurship. During the last few weeks of the term, we got to learn about technical entrepreneurship, both through the lessons and the seminar. Personally, I feel that entrepreneurship is not for me, but I’m glad that I had the opportunity to find out more about being an entrepreneur. The life lessons and journey shared by the guest speakers during the seminar were interesting and eye opening.

Even though this is a TWC mod which does have quite a bit of theory, I am grateful that the lessons are not as structured and does not focus merely on imparting the technical knowledge. Thank you, Prof Lim, for making my TWC journey an interesting and fulfilling one.

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TWC-2012/13Term2-YAO Yichen

by Yichen
(Singapore )

With Ms Nanz and her book. An interesting Read. :)

With Ms Nanz and her book. An interesting Read. :)

With Ms Nanz and her book. An interesting Read. :)
With Ms Pranoti (credit to Elaine Ng J)
With Prof :)

Time flies. It is as if yesterday was the time when I was typing my journal one to spell out my intended takeaways from this course. Being a third year students whose friends from the same batch have already gone through this module terms back, I have been relentlessly warned that this course would be a waste of time and not value add in terms of technical knowledge or soft skill sets. Looking back, I should have taken a 'rock of salt' on their reflections or comments. True, there might be some validity of their views, but I will never know unless I give it a shot by myself.

I didn't expect that much initially, under the influence of my friends, hence I assume my journal one would sound very general, like a one-size-fits-all kind of resolution applicable to any module. However, now I am slightly embarrassed with my narrow-mindedness by taking others' points too seriously, instead of doing my due diligence sufficiently.

Prof Pam is a person of charisma and insights. I enjoyed it particularly, during class, when she was recounting her experience at IBM, her own company or just her anecdotes during her life journey so far. Another pivotal element is that, instead of orchestrating monotonous lectures herself alone with half of the class's attention drifting away, she riveted our focus by unfolding the big picture, or the overall framework, of tech-preneurship, and challenged us to think outside the box, or question the conventionality. My knowledge base has been exceedingly enriched when we were searching materials for mini in-class presentations as well.

What I also appreciate is that, throughout the course, I managed to listen to two female entrepreneurs, Ms Pranoti Nagarkar Israni and Ms Nanz Chong-komo, narrating their exciting yet bumpy start-up journeys: how their ideas sprung up, how they hatched their inspiration bit by bit, what were the obstacles on their way, how they tackled them one by one, and of course, what drove them to persist despite the demoralising failures here and there. Before that, entrepreneurship was such a vague and opaque initiative to me that my understanding for it was almost nil. Right now I have been touched and impacted by the efforts they planted to make their dreams come true, their lives worthwhile and meaningful ones.

During the guest seminar, the three keynote speakers stressed several well practiced business philosophies, in conjunction with their hands on experience, such as embracing failure with an open mind, pampering employees well enough if possible, building solid contacts and never burning the bridge. Despite not all of us might embark on start-ups to be our bosses in the future, their insights shall bold well for leadership positions within organisations too.

The tour would be a bit dull if I was not accompanied with a bunch of interesting and friendly people, with whom I was fortunately to be grouped. We had fun and laughters all along the way and our concerted efforts made our tasks easier and enjoyable.

Having said that, I do believe that I achieve most of the goals I set for myself at the first place, such as grasping solid understanding of class content, seizing opportunities to talk and present during seminars. Nevertheless, my takeaways are more than just the knowledge and skills, but also inspiration from those exciting people who summon the courage to step out their comfort zones, grasp all possibilities to explore pathways to their dreams, keep their chin up no matter what the world says, and build connection on the go by being sincere and modest persons with irresistible personalities… I reckon these are the very essence that make me grow and learn throughout my expedition in life.

Thank you.

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TWC-Term2-Tan Yi Hao

by Tan Yi Hao
(Singapore)


At the beginning of the course, I set out 3 objectives. After 13 wonderful weeks with TWC, I am proud to say that I have achieved the objectives.

Initially, I was unsure about what was going to be covered under Technology and World Change. However, as the weeks progressed, my understanding of the key concepts of Technology and World Change became clearer due to the interactive learning such as the in-class presentation. In fact, I feel that the in-class presentation is a novel idea as the students must present their finding after approximately 30 minutes of research. The in-class presentation also allows the students to take charge of their learning.

I learnt a lot of things during the course, be it through the in-class presentation, the guest seminar or the lesson conducted by Professor Pamela Lim.

During the first week, I learnt about the difference between “innovation” and “invention”. In subsequent weeks, I learnt about the ways to classify innovation, the theories of innovation and how to use such theories to predict or analyse innovation, the sources of innovation, how people protect the innovation through intellectual property right and the challenges regarding the intellectual property right and how to finance innovation etc. Furthermore, by attending the guest seminar, it made me understand the importance of treating people well in the field of corporate world. All these knowledge gained allow me to look at technology in a different light compared to the past.

One of the key takeaways is to have an open mind. I remembered during one of the in-class presentation, the class presented their views on controversial topics such as the formation of pyramids, the existence of the aliens and mermaids etc. It is inconclusive whether there are aliens or mermaids in the world. Similarly, it is a mystery as to how the ancient people can build the pyramids so precisely. Perhaps, in ancient times, the technology was much more advanced but technology was lost somehow. In the end, I think that the message that Professor Pamela Lim wanted to tell the class was that if the results were uncertain, why not have an open mind and believe it in. By doing so, it would not restrict our imagination and such traits are particularly important for technopreneurs.

Another key takeaway is not to doubt your own ability. As mentioned by Professor Pamela Lim, one of the reasons why she succeeded as a technopreneuer was because she strived to do better than the men. At that point of time, there were few female technopreneurs.

All in all, thank you Professor Pamela Lim and the TA for such an enriching course.

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TWC-2012/13 Term 2-Ko Soon How


This course allows us to interact a lot with our group which requires a lot of teamwork, especially under Prof Pamela Lim. I think that it is good to have a presentation every week to hone our presentation skills.

I have also met my objective that i set at the start of the course which is to make good friends and work well within the team. This course has enlightened me and open up my mind to entrepreneurship. During my journey in this course, i was inspired to participate in the Lee Kuan Yew Global business plan with a dream towards entrepreneurship.

Through this course, i am really glad to have the opportunity to attend the guest seminars where we can learn from the experienced entrepreneurs out there. Also, an opportunity to conduct an interview with entrepreneurs.

Now i would like to set another goal after this course, i hope that i will be able to embark on my own entrepreneur journey and hopefully to share my experience with my juniors next time!

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MGMT-2012/2013Term2-Seah Hui San

by Seah Hui San
(Singapore)


I feel that the module Technology and World Change has truly taught me much about innovation and the different aspects of it which I never knew.
Before i took this course, i only had a vague impression of what innovation is, I had always associated it with Invention and it was in the first class of TWC that Prof Lim clarified to us the difference between the two. Through the extensive exposure Prof Lim has tried to expose us to by giving us in class projects, i have come to build a better understanding of how technology is increasingly integrated in our lives. It was also interesting as we also found out more about the various gadgets and products of innovation.

Another takeaway I took from TWC was to work under time constraint as a group. Usually we are given a week to do our projects, however in TWC I have learnt how to research and present those findings through slides in a short time of 45 minutes. This has also taught me the importance of teamwork and delegation of tasks. I have also learned how work in a big group as my group consists of seven people, the biggest group I have ever been in. Even though in a big group, there is a larger variety of a fresh idea being brought to the table, it can sometimes deter us from deciding on the final decision. Hence it is important to base the final decision on what is best for the group as it is difficult to seek total consensus of the entire team.

The final takeaway I had from TWC was the guest seminar session which my group had the privilege of interviewing Ms Nanz Chong. Through the guest seminar, I have learned much from real life examples of successful entrepreneurs. They have taught me that entrepreneurship is not a bed of roses and there are much hardship to be faced due to various constraints and obstacles that one would face. However as failure is the mother of success, the most important lesson is that we should learn how to pick ourselves up and learn from the mistakes made.


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TWC-2012/13-Phileas Sum Jian Hao

by Phileas Sum Jian Hao
(Singapore)

Prior to the start of the term, I read the entire textbook in preparation for my TWC module. I was intrigued by the contents in the textbook and gained much needed knowledge and insights that are highly essential in the context of entrepreneurship.

Despite all the glory that entrepreneurship has been busking in, one must always be informed and reminded of this simple fact: high returns begets high risks. It is always easy to join the club of “feel good” entrepreneurs and busk in the limelight of success, but it is also equally easy to fail completely when businesses or luck do not go your way. From this insight, I was thrilled and excited as to what TWC has to offer in accordance to inspired entrepreneurs.

Then came the first lesson of TWC. Likewise, everyone was enthusiastic and excited for what TWC has to offer. In addition, the professor is Pamela Lim. There is doubt that everyone is in for a treat from an entrepreneur who has achieved numerous entrepreneur awards in Singapore and Asia, including “Top 10 Woman entrepreneur”, “The Most Promising Woman Entrepreneur” and “Netrepreneur of the Year”.

Fast-forward a few lessons and honestly, I became bored with the module. True enough, there are a few lessons to take away from this module that bears significant resemblances with the world of entrepreneurship. Below are the lessons that I’ve taken away from this module

One lesson I gained much is from impromptu presentations.

What distinguishes a success entrepreneur is his/her ability to capitalize on every opportunity being presented to him/her. Whether it is godsend or not, opportunities come and go spontaneously, and entrepreneurs need to have the gift to capitalize on every given chance to become successful. This highlights the significance in adapting to spontaneous situations for future benefits.

Likewise, the impromptu presentations present us with the opportunity to review our level of adaptation to spontaneous situations. Through sufficient practice and exposure, I am able to improve on my level of adaption to spontaneous events. this is in accordance to metting my objectives.

The other lesson I gained is about the significance of Technology With Respect To Business

It also came to me that the world, in terms of technology, is changing rapidly and radically at an exponential level. If we do not keep up and understand the role of technology in businesses, then we might subject ourselves to failure when there are other businessmen or entrepreneurs who are able to capitalize on the benefits that stems from technology.

It is easy to understand that technology plays a major role in the process model with respect to cost minimization. But it is hard to imagine the effect of how much a single cent can make a difference between the success and failure of an entrepreneur venture. This again highlights that technology places a crucial role to the extent that the survival of companies depend heavily on technological innovations to remain relevant and alive in the market and industry.

Furthermore, as much as we desire for technology to be shared and spread equally throughout society for a higher purpose of social welfare, we must also understand that certain technology has to be protected to ensure the survivability of our firm/company. This means that patents, copyrights and other forms of intellectual property rights have to be secured through a lengthy and expensive process. Once again, without these protections, anyone can steal one another’s ideas and as a result, we might face closure of firms and a stifle in creativity then there are no incentives remaining to attract people to come up with new ideas.

Lastly, the appropriate strategies when it involves funding, marketing, start ups, etc etc.

TWC Guest Seminar

Through the guest seminar, I’ve gained much knowledge about the importance in human resource management.

Nanz Chong-Komo pointed out that positive relations between and amongst staffs are essential to the dynamics and synergy of the retail sector (in the context of her one.99 venture). She further revealed that the welfare of staffs must be well taken care of to secure a stable and motivated workforce. Lastly, she emphasized the importance of humility and respect towards co-workers. All of which points out the fact that despite how successful one's business venture can be, one must always be mindful and respectful towards the welfare of employees who are working under the shared goal of the business venture. Everyone should be treated equally with respect and understanding in the workplace regardless of race, nationality, and gender.

However, in all honesty, there are occasions when certain entrepreneurs treat the guest seminar as a “feel good” session to glorify their triumphs over hardships. If only more emphasis can be put on the reality of entrepreneurship and the potential obstacles that one must overcome, would the seminar be truly successful. It would be a sad fact if such seminars degenerate into feel goods sessions that deludes eager entrepreneurs about the reality of entrepreneurship through rose tinted glasses.

A little concern I have encountered is with regards to class participation

As mentioned before, I’ve stated that I’ve read the entire textbook prior to the first lesson of the module. Perhaps I had overbearing expectation when I realized that my professor is Pamela Lim; that she would share her past experiences and hellish battles for educational purposes. However, I was disappointed when the module has degenerated into a war of class participation. True enough, we can leverage on technology to enhance class participation, but it has also sadly degenerated into senseless threads of “read this interesting article” when everyone only took face value of the content. Maybe it is a culture of SMU, or maybe I’m assuming that everyone is as factitious, but it saddened me when the scope of discussions are only limited to the context of our textbook. Then again, I might have overbearing expectations about the content in the module, but I saw little point in discussing a topic when all that everyone discusses about is about the textbook.

I apologize if my reflection sounds sarcastic.

But, there is a bight side.

I feel that class participation should not involve individuals, but rather, on a group level. I also feel that groups should be presented with equal opportunities to present their ideas for class participation. Also, it would make more sense if class participation is judged according to the level of explanation instead of one line sentences.

If anyone asks me if it is a waste of time in TWC, it will be a simple and non-hesitated “no”.

Although the lessons might not go according to my liking, I truly appreciate the syllabus and the contents being taught by our meticulous professor. I also would like to use this chance to thank her for teaching us about the role and importance of technology. Any business, regardless of how much initial capital or creative the venture is, will not succeed if specialized technology is not being utilized efficiently.

Technology is an extremely unfair card in entrepreneurship. There is no escape from failed business ventures. Even a seasoned entrepreneur cannot reach his/her full potential if he/she is unable to capitalize on the benefits of technology as well as it effects on process manufacturing.

To be successful, he would need to possess:

Courage
Competiveness
Experience

Finally, he/she must be chosen by god to possess that “something special”; the willingness to dive into unknown territories.

Once again, I thank my professor, Pamela Lim, for her teachings. I will carry her teachings forward in my future endeavors.

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MGMT002-Term 2 - Danish Suleman

by Danish Suleman
(Singapore)


My objective for this course were to get a good grade and essentially accumulate new knowledge along the way.
The grades are of course not out yet but I definitely did not anticipate the amount of growth and learning that I would be able to achieve by the time TWC Course wrapped up.
Prof. unique teaching methods which resulted us working in groups in every class, doing research together; developed a higher spirit of team work and collaboration.
Prof. practical approach to the subject developed a more realistic mindset to the number of theories learnt in the course. Role of innovation in a successful business venture became evident not only from the daily discussions in class but also through the group project where we interviewed head of Ruchi Soya Group and practical knowledge derived from the interview was immense.
Not to mention the Guest Speaker seminar, where a number of successful entrepreneurs shared their learnings and experiences which will forever be useful.
Lastly, Prof. passion for the subject and willingness to teach in an interactive fashion where students got to do all the research and thinking and analyzing instilled a growth in me and made me realize about the workings of the real world where people learn from each other and progress together towards to constructive conclusion.
All in all my TWC journey was highly educative and valuable, which prepares me well for the technology reliant world that we all abide in.

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